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Coastal Science

Changing Shorelines & Erosion

Waves, currents, wind, storms, and tides form complex interactions over time to cause erosion along some stretches of shoreline and growth in others.


Groundwater is water that exists underground in the spaces between grains of sand or gravel or in the cracks and fractures in solid rock—part of the global water cycle.

Rivers, Estuaries, & Deltas

Rivers, estuaries, and deltas are key to understanding the chemical structure of seawater, and are home to some of the world's most diverse ecosystems.