The ocean plays a central role in global climate and regional weather patterns, including droughts, rainstorms, and hurricanes.
Although the oceans cover most of Earth, the the tiny sliver of the coastal ocean greatly influences, and is most influenced by, human activity.
The understanding of chemistry in the ocean is critical because changes can influence marine life, and in turn, human life.
Ocean currents and water properties play large roles in Earth's climate and ecosystems.
The global ocean provides food, minerals, and other valuable resources for human use.
The polar regions are experiencing unprecedented environmental changes that have significant potential impacts on global climate, ecosystems, and society.
From plate tectonics to underwater mountain ranges spanning the globe, the seafloor and below encompasses a large field.
Researchers use a variety of instruments and tools to sample and study the ocean.