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The importance of non-tidal water-level variability for reconstructing Holocene relative sea level

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Kemp, A. C., T. A. Shaw, and C. G. Piecuch, 2022. The importance of non-tidal water-level variability for reconstructing Holocene relative sea level, Quaternary Science Reviews, 290, 107637, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2022.107637 Salt-marsh sediment is an important geological archive for reconstructing Holocene relative sea level. The vertical uncertainty of these reconstructions is usually quantified as proportional to tidal…

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Low-frequency dynamic ocean response to barometric-pressure loading

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Piecuch, C. G., I. Fukumori, R. M. Ponte, M. Schindelleger, O. Wang, and M. Zhao, 2022. Low-Frequency Dynamic Ocean Response to Barometric-Pressure Loading, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 52, https://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-22-0090.1 Changes in dynamic manometric sea level ζm represent mass-related sea-level changes associated with ocean circulation and climate. We use twin model experiments to quantify magnitudes and…

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Contributions of different sea-level processes to high-tide flooding along the U.S. coastline

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Li, S., T. Wahl, A. Barroso, S. Coats, S. Dangendorf, C. Piecuch, Q. Sun, P. Thompson, and L. Liu, 2022. Contributions of Different Sea-Level Processes to High-Tide Flooding Along the U.S. Coastline, Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans, 127(7), e2021JC018276, https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JC018276 High-tide flooding, also known as nuisance flooding or minor flooding, is one of the most…

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Marine heatwaves and their depth structures on the Northeast U.S. continental shelf

Großelindemann, H., Ryan, S., Ummenhofer, C., Martin, T., & Biastoch, A., 2022. Marine heatwaves and their depth structures on the Northeast U.S. continent. Frontiers in Climate, 4, 857937. https://doi.org/10.3389/fclim.2022.857937   Marine Heatwaves (MHWs) are ocean extreme events, characterized by anomalously high temperatures, which can have significant ecological impacts. The Northeast U.S. continental shelf is of great economical importance as…

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Water mass transformation in the Iceland Sea: Contrasting two winters separated by four decades

Våge, K., Semper, S., Valdimarsson, H., Jónsson, S., Pickart, R., & Moore, G., 2022. Water mass transformation in the Iceland Sea: Contrasting two winters separated by four decades. Deep Sea Research Part I Oceanographic Research Papers, 186, 103824. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2022.103824   How has dense-water formation in the Iceland Sea changed from the mid-1970s to the mid-2010s…

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Local and remote forcing of interannual sea-level variability at Nantucket Island

Wang, O., T. Lee, C. G. Piecuch, I. Fukumori, I. Fenty, T. Frederikse, D. Menemenlis, R. M. Ponte, and H. Zhang, 2022. Local and Remote Forcing of Interannual Sea-Level Variability at Nantucket Island, Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans, 127(6), e2021JC018275, https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JC018275 The change in the rate of sea-level rise (SLR) in the northeast coast of…

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Arrival of new Great Salinity Anomaly weakens convection in the Irminger Sea

Biló, T., Straneo, F., Holte, J., & Le Bras, I., 2022. Arrival of new Great Salinity Anomaly weakens convection in the Irminger Sea. Geophysical Research Letters, 49(11). https://doi.org/10.1029/2022gl098857 Salinity trends and time series in the Irminger Sea. (a) 2015–2020 salinity trends averaged in the upper 200 m and (b) 2015–2020 salinity trends at the Overturning in…

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Ocean Reference Stations: Long-term, open ocean observations of surface meteorology and air-sea fluxes are essential benchmarks

Weller, R., Lukas, R., Potemra, J., Plueddemann, A., Fairall, C., & Bigorre, S., 2022. Ocean Reference Stations: Long-term, open ocean observations of surface meteorology and air-sea fluxes are essential benchmarks. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-21-0084.1 Comparison of the low-passed (365-day running mean) net air-sea heat flux at three long-term surface moorings maintained by…

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Two distinct modes of climate responses to the anthropogenic aerosol forcing changes

Shi, J.-R., Kwon, Y.-O., & Wijffels, S. E., 2022. Two Distinct Modes of Climate Responses to the Anthropogenic Aerosol Forcing Changes. Journal of Climate, 1–27. https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-21-0656.1 Anthropogenic aerosols (AAs) have a heterogeneous spatial and temporal distribution, which can induce regional responses that are distinct from those driven by greenhouse gases and those associated with internal variability.…

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A Ka-band wind geophysical model function using doppler scatterometer measurements from the air-sea interaction tower experiment

Polverari, F., Wineteer, A., Rodríguez, E., Perkovic-Martin, D., Siqueira, P., Farrar, J., Adam, M., Closa Tarrés, M., & Edson, J., 2022. A Ka-band wind geophysical model function using doppler scatterometer measurements from the air-sea interaction tower experiment. Remote Sensing, 14(9), 2067. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs14092067 One of the main ways that winds over the ocean can be monitored…

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Wind fetch and direction effects on Langmuir turbulence in a coastal ocean

Wang, X., Kukulka, T., Plueddemann, A., 2022. Wind fetch and direction effects on Langmuir turbulence in a coastal ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 127, e2021JC018222. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021jc018222 The strength of Langmuir turbulence in the upper ocean can be assessed by the root mean square of the convergence velocity, VRMS, at the sea surface. Langmuir turbulence…

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Decadal observations of internal wave energy, shear, and mixing in the western Arctic Ocean

Fine, E., Cole, S., 2022. Decadal observations of internal wave energy, shear, and mixing in the western Arctic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans, 127. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021jc018056 Changes in the Arctic climate have resulted in less summertime Arctic sea ice. These changes in ice-cover have the potential to influence internal waves, which carry energy deep into the…

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Upwelling of Atlantic water in Barrow Canyon, Chukchi Sea

Li, S., Lin, P., Dou, T., Xiao, C., Itoh, M., Kikuchi, T., & Qin, D., 2022. Upwelling of Atlantic water in Barrow Canyon, Chukchi Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 127(3), e2021JC017839. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JC017839   Using long-term moorings data together with wind and sea ice measurements, we document the characteristics and variations of upwelling in Barrow Canyon and investigate…

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Mesoscale and submesoscale shelf-ocean exchanges initialize an advective Marine Heatwave

Chen, K., Gawarkiewicz, G., Yang, J., 2022. Mesoscale and submesoscale shelf-ocean exchanges initialize an advective Marine Heatwave. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 127, e2021JC017927. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JC017927 Bottom intensified intrusion as revealed by the evolution of the salinity field (color) near a seabed trough on the southern New England shelf. Density field is in gray contours at…

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Mixed layer depth climatology over the Northeast U.S. continental shelf (1993-2018)

Cai, C., Y.-O. Kwon, Z. Chen, and P. Fratantoni, 2021. Mixed layer depth climatology over the Northeast U.S. continental shelf (1993-2018). Continental Shelf Research, 231, 104611. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2021.104611 A new mixed layer depth climatology for 1993-2018 is produced based on an observational dataset from the Northeast Fisheries Science Center hydrography program. This mixed layer depth climatology…

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Progress in understanding of Indian Ocean circulation, variability, air–sea exchange, and impacts on biogeochemistry

Phillips, H. E. and Coauthors, 2021. Progress in understanding of Indian Ocean circulation, variability, air–sea exchange, and impacts on biogeochemistry. Ocean Sciences, 17, 1677-1751. doi:10.5194/os-17-1677-2021 Over the past decade, our understanding of the Indian Ocean has advanced through concerted efforts toward measuring the ocean circulation and air-sea exchanges, detecting changes in water masses, and linking…

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Fate of warm Pacific water in the Arctic basin

Lin, P., Pickart, R. S., Våge, K., & Li, J., 2021. Fate of warm Pacific water in the Arctic basin. Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2021GL094693. https://doi. org/10.1029/2021GL094693 The Barrow Canyon outflow carrying the Pacific Summer Water (PSW) westward along the continental slope splits into different branches, influenced by the strength and extent of the Beaufort…

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Advective pathways and transit times of the Red Sea Overflow Water in the Arabian Sea from Lagrangian simulations

Menezes, V. V., 2021. Advective pathways and transit times of the Red Sea Overflow Water in the Arabian Sea from Lagrangian simulations. Progress in Oceanography, 199, 102697. doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2021.102697. The present study investigates the advective pathways and transit times of virtual particles released in the Red Sea outflow area as a proxy for the poorly…

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Are the impacts of the observed Arctic Sea-ice variability on the cold season atmospheric circulation underestimated in AGCM experiments?

Liang, Y.-C., C. Frankignoul, Y.-O. Kwon, G. Gastineau, E. Manzini, G. Danabasoglu, L. Suo, S. Yeager, Y. Gao, J.J. Attema, A. Cherchi, R. Ghosh, D. Matei, J.V. Mecking, T. Tian, and Y. Zhang, 2021. Are the Impacts of the Observed Arctic Sea-ice Variability on the Cold Season Atmospheric Circulation Underestimated in AGCM Experiments? Journal of…

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Spatial and temporal variability of the Gulf Stream near Cape Hatteras

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Andres, M. (2021). Spatial and temporal variability of the Gulf Stream near Cape Hatteras. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 126, e2021JC017579. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JC017579 As part of the NSF-funded Processes driving Exchange at Cape Hatteras (PEACH) Project, 5 current- and pressure-sensor equipped inverted echo sounders (CPIESs) were deployed along the continental slope spanning the “separation location” where the Gulf Stream veers…

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An idealized modeling study of the midlatitude variability of the wind-driven meridional overturning circulation

Spall, M.A., 2021:  An Idealized Modeling Study of the Midlatitude Variability of the Wind-Driven Meridional Overturning Circulation.  Journal of Physical Oceanography, 2425-2441, https://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-20-0317.1 The amplitude of the wind-forced meridional overturning circulation variability as a function of latitude and forcing frequency for the upper (layer 1), mid (layer 2), and abyssal (layer 3) ocean as predicted…

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