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News & Insight Climate & Ocean

Global heating supercharging Indian Ocean climate system

Global heating is “supercharging” an increasingly dangerous climate mechanism in the Indian Ocean. WHOI physical oceanographer Caroline Ummenhofer has been a key figure in efforts to understand the importance of the dipole.

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An emaciated, entangled North Atlantic right whale swimming with fishing trap rope around both flippers, through its mouth, and dragging behind it. Image: Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission, NOAA Permit #594-1759
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Climate Central sea level rise graphic
Julie Huber and Bill Nye Science Guy
WHOI deep-sea biologist Taylor Heyl (in foreground) explores Lydonia Canyon in the OceanX submersible <em>NADIR</em>  during a dive in the Northeast Canyons and Seamounts National Monument. (Photo by Luis Lamar for National Geographic)
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The fate of emperor penguins is largely tied to sea ice, making them particulary vulnerable to warming. Photo courtesy of Stephanie Jenouvrier, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
A swordfish swims near the ocean’s surface off the coast of Miami, Florida. Researchers from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and the University of Washington tagged a group of five swords there to track their movements in and out of the ocean twilight zone, a dimly-lit layer of the ocean between 200 and 1000 meters deep (656 to 3,280 feet). (Photo by Steve Dougherty Photography).
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Marine fireworks
Bred in darkness, raised to kill, this is the fearsome viperfish -  <em>Chauliodus sloani</em>. (Photo by Paul Caiger, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution)
Admiral John Richardson
Rick Chandler, one of WHOI's longest-serving employees, oversees support for the Alvin Group. (Photo by Daniel Hentz, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution)
WHOI Senior Scientist Joan Bernhard holds a synthetic model of a foram species known as Astrammina
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WHOI Engineer Jared Schwartz pilots the remotely operated vehicle, Seaeye Falcon to investigate an unrecovered mooring anchor. (Photo by Daniel Hentz, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution)
Kirstin Meyer-Kaiser poses for a quick photo before taking off on the Research Vessel Connecticut to run several observations along Stellwagen Bank off the coast of Massachusetts. (Photo by Daniel Hentz | Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
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whale tagging
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Erin Fischell testing new vehicles at Ashumet Pond on Cape Cod. Photo by Thomas N. Kleindinst | WHOI