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News & Insight Climate & Ocean

Global heating supercharging Indian Ocean climate system

Global heating is “supercharging” an increasingly dangerous climate mechanism in the Indian Ocean. WHOI physical oceanographer Caroline Ummenhofer has been a key figure in efforts to understand the importance of the dipole.

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An emaciated, entangled North Atlantic right whale swimming with fishing trap rope around both flippers, through its mouth, and dragging behind it. Image: Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission, NOAA Permit #594-1759
nereid under ice vehicle
Robin Littlefield
Climate Central sea level rise graphic
Julie Huber and Bill Nye Science Guy
WHOI deep-sea biologist Taylor Heyl (in foreground) explores Lydonia Canyon in the OceanX submersible <em>NADIR</em>  during a dive in the Northeast Canyons and Seamounts National Monument. (Photo by Luis Lamar for National Geographic)
The fate of emperor penguins is largely tied to sea ice, making them particulary vulnerable to warming. Photo courtesy of Stephanie Jenouvrier, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
A swordfish swims near the ocean’s surface off the coast of Miami, Florida. Researchers from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and the University of Washington tagged a group of five swords there to track their movements in and out of the ocean twilight zone, a dimly-lit layer of the ocean between 200 and 1000 meters deep (656 to 3,280 feet). (Photo by Steve Dougherty Photography).
Marine fireworks
Bred in darkness, raised to kill, this is the fearsome viperfish -  <em>Chauliodus sloani</em>. (Photo by Paul Caiger, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution)
Admiral John Richardson
Rick Chandler, one of WHOI's longest-serving employees, oversees support for the Alvin Group. (Photo by Daniel Hentz, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution)
WHOI Senior Scientist Joan Bernhard holds a synthetic model of a foram species known as Astrammina
WHOI Engineer Jared Schwartz pilots the remotely operated vehicle, Seaeye Falcon to investigate an unrecovered mooring anchor. (Photo by Daniel Hentz, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution)
Kirstin Meyer-Kaiser poses for a quick photo before taking off on the Research Vessel Connecticut to run several observations along Stellwagen Bank off the coast of Massachusetts. (Photo by Daniel Hentz | Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
whale tagging
Erin Fischell testing new vehicles at Ashumet Pond on Cape Cod. Photo by Thomas N. Kleindinst | WHOI