B.A. University of Maine, 1975, Physics
Sc.D. MIT/WHOI Joint Program, 1980, Physical Oceanography
The physics of ocean mixing including the nature of finescale and microscale velocity, temperature and salinity fluctuations and the relationships between them. Polar oceanography and upper-ocean/sea ice interactions, Seasonal to multi-decadal variability of ocean water properties, stratification and circulation, ocean time-series stations. Global oceanic heat and fresh water budgets, water mass formation and circulation. Low-latitude ocean circulation, El Nino Oceanographic instrument development.