References

Print version E-mail to a friend
Text Size: Change text to small (default) Change text to medium Change text to large

Alvarez, M., A.F. Rios, F.F. Pérez, H.L. Bryden, and G. Roson, 2003, Transport and budgets of total inorganic carbon in the subpolar and temperate North Atlantic, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 17, 10.1029/2002GB001881.

Alvarez M., C. Lo Monaco, T. Tanhua, A. Yool, A. Oschlies, J. L. Bullister, C. Goyet, T. Touratier, R. Wanninkhof, D. Wisegarver, E. McDonagh and H. L. Bryden, 2008, A higher storage of anthropogenic carbon in the Indian Ocean? Geophys. Res. Abstracts, 10, EGU2008-A-12500.

Anderson, L.A., and J.L. Sarmiento, 1994, Redfield ratios of remineralization determined by nutrient data analysis, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 8, 65-80.

Aoki, S., N. L. Bindoff and J. A. Church, 2005,  Interdecadal water mass changes in the Southern Ocean between 30E and 160E.  Geophys.  Res. Lett., 32, doi:10.1029/2004GL022220.

Bates N. R., A. C. Pequignet and C. L. Sabine, 2006, Ocean carbon cycling in the Indian Ocean: 1. Spatiotemporal variability of inorganic carbon and air-sea CO2 gas exchange, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 20, doi:10.1029/2005GB002491.

Beal L. M. and H. L. Bryden, 1997, Observations of the Agulhas Undercurrent, Deep-Sea Res. I, 44, 1715-1724.

Beal L. M. and H. L. Bryden, 1999, The velocity and vorticity structure of the Agulhas Current, J. Geophys. Res. I, 104, 5151-5176.

Beal L. M. and T. K. Chereskin, 2003, The volume transport of the Somali Current during the 1995 southwest monsoon, Deep-Sea Res. II, 50, 2077-2089.

Beal L. M., T. K. Chereskin, H. L. Bryden and A. Field, 2003, Variability of water properties, heat and salt fluxes in the Arabian Sea, between the onset and wane of the 1995 southwest monsoon, Deep-Sea Res. II, 50, 2049-2075.

Beal, L. M., T. K. Chereskin, Y. D. Lenn and S. Elipot, 2006.  The sources and mixing characteristics of the Agulhas Current.  J. Phys. Oceanogr., 36, 2060-2074.

Beal, L. M., A. Ffield, and A. L. Gordon, 2000, Spreading of Red Sea overflow waters in the Indian Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 105(C4), 8549–8564.

Bindoff, N.L., J. Willebrand, V. Artale, A, Cazenave, J. Gregory, S. Gulev, K. Hanawa, C. Le Quere, S. Levitus, Y. Nojiri, C.K. Shum, L.D. Talley and A. Unnikrishnan, 2007: Observations: Oceanic Climate Change and Sea Level. In: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Solomon, S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M. Tignor and H.L. Miller (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.

Boyer, T. P., S. Levitus, J. I. Antonov, R. A. Locarnini and H. E. Garcia, 2005. Linear trends in salinity for the world ocean, 1955-1998. Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, doi:10.1029/2004GL021791.

Bryden, H. L. and L. M. Beal, 2001, Role of the Agulhas Current in Indian Ocean circulation and associated heat and freshwater fluxes, Deep-Sea Res. I, 48, (8), 1821-1845.

Byrne, D. A., and J. McClean, 2008, Sea level anomaly signals in the Agulhas Current region, Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L13701, doi:10.1029/2008GL034584.

Davis, R.E., 2005, Intermediate-Depth Circulation of the Indian and South Pacific Oceans Measured by Autonomous Floats. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 35, 683–707.

Davis, R. E., P. D. Killworth and J. R. Blundell, 1996, Comparison of Autonomous Lagrangian Circulation Explorers and fine resolution Antarctic model results in the South Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 855-884.

de Ruijter W. P. M., H. Ridderinkhof, J. R. E. Lutjeharms, M. W. Schouten, and C. Veth, 2002, Observations of the flow in the Mozambique Channel. Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, 1502, doi:10.1029/2001GL013714.

Deutsch, C., S. Emerson and L. Thompson, 2005,  Fingerprints of climate change in North Pacific oxygen. Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, doi:10.1029/2005GL023190.

Drijfhout, S. S. and A. C. Naveira Garabato, 2008, The zonal dimension of the Indian Ocean meridional overturning circulation, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 38 (2), 359-379.

EOS, 1994, Indian Ocean May Have El Niño of Its Own, EOS, 75 (50), 585-586.

Feely, R. A., C. L. Sabine, T. Takahashi, and R. Wanninkhof, 2001,  Uptake and storage of carbon dioxide in the ocean: The global CO2 survey. Oceanography, 14, 18-32.

Feely, R. A., L. D. Talley, G. C. Johnson, C. L. Sabine and R. Wanninkhof, 2005,  Repeat hydrography cruises reveal chemical changes in the North Atlantic.  Eos, Trans. AGU, 42, 3 pp.

Ferron, B. and J. Marotzke, 2003, Impact of 4D-variational assimilation of WOCE hydrography on the meridional circulation of the Indian Ocean, Deep-Sea Res., 50 (12-13), 2005-2021.

Ffield, A., 1997, GRL Special Section: WOCE Indian Ocean Expedition, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24(21), 2539-2540.

Ffield, A., J. Toole and, D. Wilson, 1997, Seasonal Circulation in the South Indian Ocean, Geophys. Res. Letters, 24 (22), 2773-2276.

Fieux, M., C. Andrie, P. Delecluse, A. G. Ilahude, A. Kartavtseff, F. Mantisi, R. Molcard and J. C. Swallow, 1994, Measurements within the Pacific-Indian oceans throughflow region, Deep-Sea Res. Part A, 41, (7), 1091-1130.

Fieux, M., F. Schott, and J. C. Swallow, 1986, Deep boundary currents in the western Indian Ocean revisited, Deep -Sea Res., 33, 415-426.

Fu, L., 1986, Mass, heat and freshwater fluxes in the South Indian Ocean, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 16, 1683-1693.

Garternicht, U., and F. Schott, 1997, Heat fluxes of the Indian Ocean from a global eddy-resolving model, J. Geophys. Res., 102(C9), 21147-21159.

Ganachaud, A.,2003a.  Large-scale mass transports, water mass formation, and diffusivities estimated from World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) hydrographic data.  J. Geophys. Res., 108, doi:10.1029/2002JC001565.

Ganachaud, A., 2003b, Error Budget of Inverse Box Models: The North Atlantic, J. Atmos and Oceanic Tech., 20, 1641-1655.

Ganachaud, A. and C. Wunsch, 2002, Oceanic nutrient and oxygen transports and bounds on export production during the World Ocean Circulation Experiment.  Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 16, doi:10.1029/2000GB001333.

Ganachaud, A. and C. Wunsch, 2003, Large-scale ocean heat and freshwater transports during the World Ocean Circulation Experiment. J. Clim., 16, 696-705.

Ganachaud, A., C. Wunsch, J. Marotzke and J. Toole, 2000, Meridonal overturning and large-scale circulation of the Indian Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 105 (11),  26,117-26,134.

Gloor, M., N. Gruber, J. Sarmiento, C. L. Sabine, R. A. Feely and C. Roedenbeck, 2003, A first estimate of present and preindustrial air-sea CO2 flux patterns based on ocean interior carbon measurements and models, Geophysical Research Letters, 30 (1), doi:10.1029/2002GL015594.

Gordon, A. L., 2005,   Oceanography of the Indonesian Seas and their throughflow. Oceanography, 18, 14-27.

Gordon, A. L. and R. A. Fine, 1996, Pathways of water between the Pacific and Indian oceans in the Indonesian seas. Nature, 379(6561): 146-149.

Gordon, A. L., R. D. Susanto and A. Ffield, 1999,  Throughflow within Makassar Strait.  Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 3321-3328.

Gruber, N., J. L. Sarmiento, and T. F. Stocker, 1996, An improved method for detecting anthropogenic CO2 in the oceans, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 10 (4), 809-836.

Hall, T. M., D. W. Waugh, T. W. N. Haine, P. E. Robbins and S. Khatiwala, 2004, Estimates of anthropogenic carbon in the Indian Ocean with allowance for mixing and time-varying air-sea CO2 disequilibrium, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 18, doi:10.1029/2003GB002120.

Hall, T. M., and F. W. Primeau, 2004, Separating the natural and anthropogenic air-sea flux of CO2: the Indian Ocean, Geophysical Res. Letters, 31, doi:10.1029/2004GL020589.

Hanawa, K. and L. D. Talley, 2001, Mode Waters. Ocean Circulation and Climate, G. Siedler and J. Church, editors, International Geophysics Series, Academic Press, 373-386.

Hautala, S., J. Sprintall, J. T. Potemra, J. C. Chong, W. Pandoe, N. Bray, and A. Ilahude, 2001, Velocity structure and transport of the Indonesian Throughflow in the major straits restricting flow into the Indian Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 19,527–19,546.

Holfort, J., K. M. Johnson, B. Schneider, G. Siedler, and D. W. R. Wallace, 1998, The meridional transport of dissolved inorganic carbon in the South Atlantic Ocean. Global Biogeochem. Cycles 12(3), 479-499.

Jensen T. G., 1991, Modeling the seasonal undercurrents in the Somali current system, J. Geophys. Res., 96 (12), 22,151-22,167.

Johnson, G. C. and N. Gruber, 2007,  Decadal water mass variations along 20W in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean.  Progr. in Oceanogr., 73, 277-295.

Johnson, G. C., D. L. Musgrave, B. A. Warren, A. Ffield, and D. B. Olson, 1998, Flow of bottom and deep water in the Amirante Passage and Mascarene Basin.  J. Geophys. Res., 103, 30973-30984.

Johnson, G.C., P.E. Robbins, and G.E. Hufford, 2001, Systematic adjustments of hydrographic sections for internal consistency, Journal of Atmosphere and Ocean Technology, 18(7), 1234-1244.

Josey, S. A., E. C. Kent, and P. K. Taylor, 2002, On the wind stress forcing of the ocean in the SOC climatology: Comparisons with the NCEP/NCAR, ECMWF, UWM/COADS and Hellerman and Rosenstein datasets. J. Phys. Oceanogr. 32, 1993-2019.

Key, R.M., A. Kozyr, C.L. Sabine, K. Lee, R. Wanninkhof, J. Bullister, R.A. Feely, F. Millero, C. Mordy, T.-H. Peng, 2004, A global ocean carbon climatology: Results from GLODAP. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 18, GB4031, doi:10.1029/2004GB002247.

Kobayashi, T. and T. Suga, 2006, The Indian Ocean HydroBase: a high-quality climatological dataset for the Indian Ocean, Prog. Oceanogr., 68 (1), 75-114.

Large, W.G, and S. G. Yeager, 2004, Diurnal to decadal global forcing for ocean and sea-ice models: The data sets and flux climatologies. Technical Report TN-460+STR, NCAR, 105pp.

Lee, T., and J. Marotzke, 1998, Seasonal Cycles of Meridional Overturning and Heat Transport of the Indian Ocean. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 28, 923–943.

Lumpkin R. and K. Speer, 2007, Global ocean meridional overturning, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 37, 2550-2562.

Macdonald, A. M., 1993, Property fluxes at 30ºS and their implications for the Pacific-Indian Throughflow and the global heat budget, J. Geophys. Res., 98 (4), 6851-6868.

Macdonald, A. M., 1998, The global ocean circulation: a hydrographic estimate and regional analysis.  Progress in Oceanography, 41, 281-382.

Macdonald, A. M., M. O’Neil Baringer, R. Wanninkhof, K. Lee, and D.W.R. Wallace, 2003. A 1998-1992 comparison of inorganic carbon and its transport across 24.5°N in the Atlantic. Deep Sea Research II, 50, 3041-3064.

Macdonald, A. M., S. Mecking, J. M. Toole, P. E. Robbins, S. E. Wijffels, L. Talley and M. Cook, 2008, The WOCE-Era 3-D Pacific Ocean Circulation, in prep, available for anonymous ftp at ftp.whoi.edu under pub/users/amacdonald/pac13.pdf.gz

Macdonald, A. M., Wunsch, C., 1996. An estimate of global ocean circulation and heat fluxes.  Nature, 382, 436-439.

Maltrud, M., F. Bryan, M. Hecht, E. Hunke, D. Ivanova, J. McClean, S. Peacock, 2008, Global Ocean Modeling in the Eddying Regime using POP, CLIVAR Exchanges, 13, no. 1, 5-8.

Maltrud, M. E., and J. L. McClean, 2005. An eddy resolving global 1/10o ocean simulation, Ocean Modelling, 8, 1-2, 31-54.

Marshall, J. A., A. Adcroft, C. Hill, L. Perelman and C. Helsey, 1997, A finite-volume, incompressible Navier-Stokes model for studies of the ocean on parallel computers, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 5753-5766.

McClean, J.L., S. Jayne, M.E. Maltrud, D.P. Ivanova, 2008, The Fidelity of Ocean Models with Explicit Eddies. In  “Eddy-Resolving Ocean Modelling”, M. Hecht and H. Hasumi, Eds., AGU Monograph Series, 149-163,

McClean, J. L., M. E. Maltrud, and F. O. Bryan, 2006, Measures of the fidelity of eddying ocean models. Oceanography, 19, No. 1.

McClean, J. L., D. P. Ivanova, and J. Sprintall, 2005, Remote origins of interannual variability in the Indonesian Throughflow region from data and a global POP simulation. J. Geophys. Res., 110, C10013, doi:10.1029/2004JC002477.

McDonagh, E. L., H. L. Bryden, B. A. King, and R. J. Sanders, 2008, The circulation of the Indian Ocean at 32ºS, Prog. Oceanogr., submitted.

McDonagh, E. L., H. L. Bryden, B. A. King, R. J. Sanders, S. A. Cunningham and R. Marsh, 2005,  Decadal changes in the South Indian Ocean thermocline.  J. Climate, 18, 1575-1590.

Mikaloff Fletcher, S. E., N. Gruber, A. R. Jacobson, S. C. Doney, S. Dutkiewicz, M. Gerber, M. Follows, F. Joos, K. Lindsay, D. Menemenlis, A. Mouchet, S. A. Mueller and J. L. Sarmiento, 2006, Inverse estimates of anthropogenic CO2 uptake, transport, and storage by the ocean, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 20, doi:10.1029/2005GB002530.

Molcard, R. M., M. Fieux and F. Syamsudin, 2001, The Throughflow within Ombai Strait, Deep-Sea Res., I, 48, 1237–1253.

Nauw, J. J., H. M. van Aken, A. Webb, J. R. E. Lutjeharms, and W. P. M. de Ruijter, 2008, Observations of the southern East Madagascar Current and undercurrent and countercurrent system, J. Geophys. Res., 113, doi:10.1029/2007JC004639

Pacanowski, R. C., and A. Gnanadesikan, 1998, Transient response in a z-level ocean model that resolves topography with partial-cells. Monthly Weather Review, 126, 3248-3270.

Palmer, Matthew D., Alberto C. Naveira Garabato, John D. Stark, Joël J.-M. Hirschi, and Jochem Marotzke, 2007, The Influence of Diapycnal Mixing on Quasi-Steady Overturning States in the Indian Ocean, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 37(9), 2290, doi:10.1175/JPO3117.1.

Prasad, T. G., and J. L. McClean, 2004, Mechanisms for anomalous warming in the western Indian Ocean during the Dipole Mode events. J. Geophys. Res., 109, C02019, doi:10.1029/2003JC001872.

Rainville, L., S. R. Jayne, J. L. McClean, and M. E. Maltrud, 2007, Formation of Subtropical Mode Water in a High ­Resolution POP Simulation of the Kuroshio Extension Region, Ocean Modelling, 17, 338-356.

Reid, J. L., 1994, On the total geostrophic circulation of the North Atlantic Ocean: Flow patterns, tracers and transports.  Prog Oceanogr., 33, 1-92.

Reid, J. L., 1997, On the total geostrophic circulation of the Pacific Ocean. Flow patterns, tracers and transports.  Prog. in Oceanogr., 39, 263-352.

Reid, J. L., 2003, On the total geostrophic circulation of the Indian Ocean: flow pattern, tracers and transports, Prog. Oceanog., 56, 137-186.

Ridderinkhof H., and W. P. H. de Ruijter, 2003, Moored current observations in the Mozambique Channel. Deep-Sea Res. II, 50, 1933–1955.

Robbins, P. E. and J. M. Toole, 1997, The dissolved silica budget as a constraint on the meridional overturning circulation of the Indian Ocean.  Deep-Sea Research, 44, 879-906.

Roemmich, D., J. Gilson, R. Davis, P. Sutton and S. Wijffels, 2007,  Decadal spinup of the South Pacific subtropical gyre.  J. Phys. Oceanogr., 37, 162-173.

Rosón, G., A.F. Rios, A. Lavín, H.L. Bryden and F.F Pérez, 2002, Carbon distribution, fluxes and budgets in the subtropical North Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res., 108(C5), DOI:10.1029/1999JC000047.

Sabine C. L., and R. A. Feely, 2001, Comparison of recent Indian Ocean anthropogenic CO2 estimates with a historical approach, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 15 (1), 31-42.

Sabine, C. L., R. A. Feely, N. Gruber, R. M. Key, K. Lee, J. L. Bullister, R. Wanninkhof, C. S. Wong, D. W. R. Wallace, B. Tilbrook, F. J. Millero, T.-H. Peng, A. Kozyr, T. Ono, A. F. Rios, 2004, The oceanic sink for anthropogenic CO2, Science, 305,  367-371.

Sabine, C. L., R. M. Key, K. M. Johnson, F. J. Millero, A. Poisson, J. L. Sarmiento, D. W. R. Wallace and C. D. Winn, 1999, Anthropogenic CO2 inventory of the Indian Ocean, Global Biogeochem Cycles, 13 (1), 179-198.

Schiller, A., 2003, Seasonal-to-interannual water mass formation in the upper tropical Indian Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 108, 3110, doi:10.1029/2002JC001531.

Schlitzer, R., 2002, Carbon export fluxes in the Southern Ocean: results from inverse model  and comparison with satellite-based estimates, Deep-Sea Res. II, 49, 1623-1644.

Schlitzer, R., 2007, Assimilation of Radiocarbon and Chlorofluorocarbon Data to Constrain Deep and Bottom Water Transports in the World Ocean, J. Phys. Oceanogr,, 37(2), 259, doi:10.1175/JPO3011.1.

Schott, F. A., M. Dengler and R. Schoenefeldt, 2002, The shallow overturning circulation of the Indian Ocean, Prog. Oceanogr., 53, 57-103.

Schott, F. A. and J. McCreary Jr., 2001, The monsoon circulation of the Indian Ocean, Prog. Oceanogr., 51, 1-123.

Schouten M. W., W. P. M. de Ruijter, P. J. van Leeuwen, and H. Ridderinkhof, 2003, Eddies and variability in the Mozambique Channel. Deep-Sea Res. II, 50, 1987–2003.

Sloyan, B. M., 2006, Antarctic bottom and lower circumpolar deep water circulation in the eastern Indian Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 111, doi:10.1029/2005JC003011.

Sloyan, B. M., and S. R. Rintoul, 2001, The Southern Ocean limb or the global deep overturning circulation. J. Phys. Oceanogr. 31, 143-173.

Sprintall, J., J. T.Potemra, Hautala, Brayand W. W. Pandoe, 2003, Temperature and salinity variability in the exit passages of the Indonesian Throughflow, Deep-Sea Res.. II , 50 (12-13), 2183-2204.

Sprintall, J., S. Wijffels, A. L. Gordon, A. Ffield, R. Molcard, R. Dwi Susanto, I. Soesilo, J. Sopaheluwakan, Y. Surachman and H. M. van Aken, 2004,  INSTANT: A new international array to measure the Indonesian throughflow.  EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 85(39).

Srinivasan, A., C. G. H. Rooth, Z. Top and D. B. Olson, 2000, Abyssal upwelling in the Indian Ocean: radiocarbon diagnostics, J. Marine Res., 58 (5), 755-778.

Stammer, D., R. Tokmakian, A. Semtner, and C. Wunsch, 1996, How well does a 1/4o global circulation model simulate large scale oceanic observations? J. Geophysical Research, 101 (C10), 25,779-25,811.

Stammer, D., C. Wunsch, R. Geiring, C. Eckert, P. Heimbach, C. Hill, J. Marotzke, and J. Marshall, 2002, Global ocean state during 1992-1997, estimated from ocean observations and general circulation model, J. Geophysical Research, DOI:10.1029/2001JC000888.

Stammer, D., C. Wunsch, R. Geiring, C. Eckert, P. Heimbach, J. Marotzke, A. Adcroft, C. Hill, and J. Marshall, 2003, Volume, heat and freshwater transports of the global ocean circulation 1992-1997, estimated from a general circulation model constrained by WOCE data, J. Geophysical Research, DOI:10.1029/2001JC01115.

Stramma, L., G. C. Johnson, J. Sprintall and V. Mohrholz, 2008,  Expanding oxygen-minimum zones in the tropical oceans.  Science, 320, 655-658.

Stramma L., and J. R. E. Lutjeharms, 1997, The flow field of the subtropical gyre of the South Indian Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 5513–5530.

Sultan, E., H. Mercier, R. T. Pollard, 2007, An inverse model of the large scale circulation in the South Indian Ocean.  Prog. Oceanogr., 74, 71-94.

Talley, L. D., 2003, Shallow, intermediate and deep overturning components of the global heat budget. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 33, 530-560.

Talley, L. D., 2007, Hydrographic atlas of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE). Volume 2: Pacific Ocean. Eds. M. Sparrow, P. Chapman and J. Gould. International WOCE Project Office, Southampton, U.K. 327 pp.

Talley, L. D., 2008a, Freshwater transport estimates and the global overturning circulation: shallow, deep and throughflow components. Prog. Oceanogr., doi:10.1016/j.pocean. 2008.05.001, in press.

Talley, L. D., 2008b, Hydrographic Atlas of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE). Volume 4: Indian Ocean (eds. M. Sparrow, P. Chapman and J. Gould), International WOCE Project Office, Southampton, U.K., in progress.   http://www-pord.ucsd.edu/whp_atlas/indian_index.htm

Talley, L. D., 2003, Shallow, intermediate and deep overturning components of the global heat budget. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 33, 530-560.

Talley, L. D., J. L. Reid, and P. E. Robbins, 2003, Data-based meridional overturning streamfunction for the global ocean, J. Climate, 16, 3213-3226.

Talley L. D. and J. Sprintall, 2005, Deep expression of the Indonesian Throughflow: Indonesian Intermediate Water in the South Equatorial Current, J. Geophys. Res., 110, C10009, doi:10.1029/2004JC002826.

Talley, L. D., J. Sprintall, E. McDonagh, J. Swift, S. Mecking and N. Bindoff, 2008, Global-scale, decadal changes in salinity and oxygen based on recent repeat hydrographic sections. Abstract, Ocean Sciences 2008.

Thurnherr, A.M., and K.G. Speer, 2004, Representativeness of meridional hydrographic sections in the western South Atlantic, Journal of Marine Research, 62, 37-65.

Takahashi, T., S.G. Sutherland, C. Sweeney, A.P. Poisson, N. Metzl, B. Tilbrook, N. R. Bates, R. Wanninkhof, R.A.. Feely, C.L. Sabine, J. Olafsson, and Y. Nojjiri, 2002, Global sea-air CO2 flux based on climatological surface ocean pCO2, and seasonal biological and temperature effects, Deep-Sea Research II, 49(9-10), 1601-1622.

Toole, J. M., and B. A. Warren, 1993, A hydrographic section across the subtropical South Indian Ocean, Deep-Sea Res., 40 (10), 1973-2019.

Trenberth, K. E., J. G. Olson, W. G. Large, 1989, A global ocean wind stress climatology based on {ECMWF} analyses. Tech. Rep. NCAR Technical Note 338+STR, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado, 93 pp.

Warren, B. A., 1981, Transindian hydrographic section at Lat. 18ºS: Property distributions and circulation in the South Indian Ocean, Deep Sea Res., 28a, 759-788.

Warren, B. A. and G. C. Johnson, 1992, Deep currents in the Arabian Sea in 1987. Marine Geology, 104, 279-288, doi:10.1016/0025-3227(92)90102-N.

Warren, B. A. and G. C. Johnson, 2002,  The overflows across the Ninetyeast Ridge, Deep-Sea Res., II, 1423-1439.

Wijffels, S. E., G. Meyers and J. S. Godfrey, 2008, A twenty year average of the Indonesian Throughflow: regional currents and the interbasin exchange, J. Phys. Oceanogr., in press.

Wunsch, C.,, 1996. The Ocean Circulation Inverse Problem. Cambridge University Press 442 pp.



 

WHOI logo

Last updated July 3, 2012
© Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. All rights reserved