Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Porter Hoagland III

» Sediment management

» Drowning Barriers

» Florida Red Tides

» Decision-support for coastal and marine spatial planning

» Managing Ocean Zoning

» Ecosystem-Based Management

» Maine Red Tide


Modeling the Dynamics of Harmful Algal Blooms, Human Communities, and Policy Choices along the Florida Coast

B. Kirkpatrick (Mote); S. Ullmann (Miami); A. Reich (Florida DoH); G. Hitchcock (Miami); G. Kirkpatrick (Miami); L.E. Fleming (Miami); K. Nierenberg (Mote); D. Jin (WHOI); A. Beet (WHOI); K. Rudge (Riverview High School); R. Stumpf (NOAA); L. Backer (CDC); S.M. Watkins (Florida DoH);

Researchers around the world who study the interactions of humans and the oceans have identified harmful algal blooms (HABs) as a leading threat to human and environmental health.  In many cases, human-HAB interactions may represent distinctive examples of mixed anthropogenic-natural hazards, the study of which could lead to new insights about the processes of dynamically coupled systems of humans and nature and their implications for social welfare.  We seek to understand how the dynamic interactions between natural and human systems influence and inform society’s choice of policies for mitigating the economic, ecological, and public health effects of K. brevis blooms along Florida’s Gulf of Mexico coast. 

Hoagland, P. 2014. Coupled nature-human systems (CNH): generic aspects of human interactions with blooms of red tide (Karenia brevis) and implications for policy responses. In Rossini, G.P., ed., Toxins and Biologically Active Compounds from Microalgae. Vol. 2, Sec. V: Biological Effects and Risk Management. Boca Raton, FL, CRC Press, PP. 502-537.

Hoagland P, Jin D, Beet A, Kirkpatrick B, Reich A, Ullmann S., Fleming LE, Kirkpatrick G. 2013. The human health effects of Florida red tides: an expanded analysis. Environ. Int'l. 68:144-153.

Kirkpatrick B, Kohler K, Byrne M, Fleming LE Scheller K, Reich A, Hitchcock G, Kirkpatrick G, Ullman S, Hoagland P. 2013. Human responses to Florida red tides: policy awareness and the effectiveness of local fertilizer ordinances. Sci. Tot. Environ. (revised and resubmitted).

Fleming, L.E., B. Kirkpatrick, L.C. Backer, C.J. Walsh, K. Nierenberg, J. Clark, A. Reich, J. Hollenbeck, J. Benson, Y.S. Cheng, J. Naar, R. Pierce, A.J. Bourdelais, W.M. Abraham, G. Kirkpatrick, Julia Zaias, A. Wanner, E. Mendes, S. Shalat, P. Hoagland, W. Stephan, J. Bean, S. Watkins, T. Clarke, M. Byrne and D.G. Baden. 2010. Literature review of Florida red tide: implications for human health effects. Harm. Alg. 3:99-115.

Nierenberg, K., K. Kirner, P. Hoagland, S. Ullmann, W.G. LeBlanc, G. Kirkpatrick, L.E. Fleming and B. Kirkpatrick. 2010. Changes in work habits of lifeguards in relation to Floridared tide. Harm. Alg. 9:419-425. [Corrigendum: Harm. Alg. 9:647.]

Hoagland, P., D. Jin, L.Y. Polansky, B. Kirkpatrick, G. Kirkpatrick, L.E. Fleming, A. Reich, S.M. Watkins, S.G. Ullmann and L.C. Backer.  2009.  The costs of respiratory illnesses arising from FloridaGulf Coast Karenia brevis blooms. Environ. Health Persp. 117:1239-1243.   < abstract.html>

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