Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Elizabeth B Kujawinski Behn

»Using stable isotope probing to characterize differences between free-living and sediment-associated microorganisms in the subsurface.
»DOM in Lake Superior
»Deepwater Horizon hydrocarbons in the marine environment
»Microbes and marine DOM, Ann. Rev. Mar. Sci. 2011
»Greenland ice sheet outlet glacier: Insights from a new isotope-mixing model
»Groundwater DOM, GCA 2011
»Dispersants & DWH, ES&T 2011
»FT-MS variability in DOM, Org Geochem 2010
»Predatory Flavobacteria, FEMS Microb Ecol 2010
»Greenland Ice Sheet DOM, GCA 2010
»Protozoa and bacteria in aquifers, FEMS Microb Ecol, 2009
»Source markers in DOM, GCA 2009
»Automated data analysis, Anal. Chem. 2006
»Marine DOM and ESI FT-ICR MS; Marine Chem 2004
»DOM extraction by C18; Org. Geochem. 2003
»Black carbon by ESI FT-ICR MS; ES&T 2004
»ESI FT-ICR MS review; Env. Forensics 2002
»Marine protozoan surfactants; Marine Chem. 2002
»ESI MS and NOM; Org. Geochem. 2002
»ESI FT-ICR MS & humic acids; Anal. Chem. 2002
»Protozoan DOM & PCBs; ES&T 2001
»Protozoa & Fe, Th, C; Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 2001
»PCB uptake by protozoa; AEM 2000

E. C. Banning, K. L. Casciotti and E. B. Kujawinski, Novel strains isolated from a coastal aquifer suggest a predatory role for flavobacteria., FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 73: 254-270. 2010

Three newly isolated strains of flavobacteria from coastal aquifer sediments have been found to be predatory, lysing a range of live and pasteurized microbial prey. The three strains have been classified on the basis of 16S rRNA gene phylogeny as belonging to the recently described Olleya (strains VCSA23 and VCSM12) and Tenacibaculum (strain VCSA14A) genera. Two of the closest cultured relatives to the strain VCSA14A, T. discolor and T. gallaicum, were also found to be bacteriolytic. These five predatory strains exhibit gliding motility and have been observed to lyse prey cells after surrounding them with social swarms, similar to known predatory bacteria such as myxobacteria and members of the genus Lysobacter. Flavobacteria are often numerically significant in a wide variety of freshwater and marine environments, particularly in association with particles, and are thought to be involved in the degradation of biopolymeric substances. If predatory capability is widespread among flavobacteria, they may be a previously unrecognized source of ‘top-down’ bacterial mortality with influence on the composition and activity of surrounding microbial communities. Reprints are available from FEMS Microbiology Ecology here.

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