Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Tim Verslycke

»Copepod diapause
»Lobster Shell Disease
»Crustacean molting receptor
»Lobster Shell Disease
»Mysids as test models for endocrine disruption testing
»Chlorotriazines in the Scheldt estuary
»Energy allocation in grasshopper
»Estrogens in Scheldt estuary
»Marsupial development in mysids to evaluate endocrine disruption
»B[a]P effects on steroid metabolism in mysid
»Ciona CYP3 genes
»Methoprene, nonylphenol, and estrone effects on mysid vitellogenesis
»Methoprene effects on mysid molting
»Mysid growth
»Mysid vitellin ELISA
»Mysid vitellin
»An analytical method to detect estrogens in water
»High levels of endocrine disruptors in wild mysid populations
»Energy allocation in wild mysid populations
»Cellular energy allocation validation with scope for growth
»Dolphin delivery prediction
»PhD thesis
»Endocrine disruptor effects on steroid and energy metabolism in mysid
»Mysid review
»TBT effects on steroid metabolism in mysid
»Metal mixture toxicity to mysid
»TBT effects on energy metabolism in mysid
»dichlorobenzene effects in zebrafish
»Ethinylestradiol effects on amphipod sexual development
»Metabolic studies with mysids
»Abiotic stress and energy metabolism in mysid
»Induced vitellogenesis in rainbow trout
»Steroid metabolism in mysid
»Endocrine disruption in freshwater snails
»Invasive mysid in Belgium

Ann M. Tarrant, Mark F. Baumgartner, Tim Verslycke, and Catherine L. Johnson,

Molecular and morphological characterization of diapausing and active marine copepods

, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 2008

To survive long periods of low food availability, the life history of some calanoid copepods includes a diapause phase during which copepodids delay development to adulthood, migrate to depth, reduce metabolism, and utilize stored lipids for nourishment. While seasonal patterns in diapause have been described, the environmental and physiological regulation of diapause has not been elucidated. We collected Calanus finmarchicusC5 copepodids from surface (0-39 m) and deep (157-201 m) waters in theGulf ofMaine, and both morphological and biochemical measurements indicated that these copepodids were from active and diapausing populations, respectively. Two complementary molecular techniques were used to compare gene expression in these two groups: (1) suppressive subtractive hybridization was used to identify genes that may be differentially expressed, and (2) quantitative real-time RT-PCR was used to characterize patterns of gene expression in individual copepodids. Three genes associated with lipid synthesis, transport and storage (ELOV, FABP, RDH) were upregulated in active copepods, particularly those with small oil sacs. Expression of ferritin was greater in diapausing copepods with large oil sacs, consistent with a role of ferritin in protecting lipids from oxidative damage. Ecdysteroid receptor (EcR) expression was greater in diapausing copepods, highlighting the need for further investigation into endocrine regulation of copepod development. This study represents the first molecular characterization of gene expression associated with calanoid copepod diapause and provides a foundation for future investigations of the underlying mechanisms that regulate diapause.


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