Investigating Earth's dynamic processes
The ongoing, fundamental forces that forge our planetthat generate earthquakes and volcanoes; that perpetually create and destroy Earth's crust; that rip apart continents and smash them into one another; that create mountains like the Himalayas and island chains like Hawaii; that open and close ocean basins; that forge mineral deposits and generate oil and gas; and that brew chemical cauldrons that sustain rich communities of life in the sunless depthsmost of this action occurs beneath the oceans.
The ion microprobe extracts hidden clues about our planet's history and evolution
A diverse fleet of innovative deep-submergence vehicles heralds a new era of ocean exploration
Scientists extend their reach into the deep with pioneering undersea cable networks
New research on land and sea reinvigorates hopes of forecasting where earthquakes are likely to occur
Explorations reveal an increasing variety of hydrothermal vents
Recent discoveries hint at a potentially huge and diverse subsurface biosphere