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Andrew R. Solow


Andrew Solow is Director of the Marine Policy Center and a Senior Scientist at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. He earned a bachelor’s degree in economics from Harvard University and a doctorate in geostatistics from Stanford University. Solow focuses on environmental and ecological statistics, with an emphasis on modeling the population effects of environmental variability. He is a former member of the Commission on Geosciences, Environment, and Resources for the National Academy of Sciences, and he currently serves as chair of the Environmental Protection Agency’s Outfall Monitoring Science Advisory Panel for Boston Harbor. Since 2002, he has been a member of the Science Advisory Panel for the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy.

Andrew Solow

Red Tides and Dead Zones

Red Tides and Dead Zones

The most widespread, chronic environmental problem in the coastal ocean is caused by an excess of chemical nutrients. Over the past century, a wide range of human activities—the intensification of agriculture, waste disposal, coastal development, and fossil fuel use—has substantially increased the discharge of nitrogen, phosphorus, and other nutrients into the environment. These nutrients are moved around by streams, rivers, groundwater, sewage outfalls, and the atmosphere and eventually end up in the ocean.

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