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Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Tim Stanton
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Refereed Publications

1978  Stanton, T.K. and R.T. Beyer, "The interaction of sound with noise in water," J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 64, 1667-1670.

1979  Stanton, T.K. and R.T. Beyer, "Complex wattmeter measurements in a reactive acoustic field, " J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 65, 249-252.

1979   Stanton, T.K., R.G. Pridham, W.V. McCollough, and M.P. Sanguinetti, "On fiber-optic hydrophone noise-equivalent pressure ," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 66, 1893-1894 (L).

1981  Stanton, T.K. and R.T. Beyer, "Interaction of sound with noise in water II ," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 69, 989-992.

1981 Stanton, T.K. "Noise-equivalent pressure of a single-fiber interferometric acoustic sensor ," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 69, 311-312 (L).

1982  Stanton, T.K. "Effects of transducer motion on echo-integration techniques ," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 72, 947-949.

1983  Stanton, T.K. "Multiple scattering with applications to fish-echo processing ," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 73, 1164-1169.

1983 Powell, L.A. and T.K. Stanton, "A programmable microcomputer-based sonar-echo processor for real-time processing ," IEEE: J. Oceanic Eng. OE-8 (4), 280-287.

1984  Stanton, T.K. "Sonar estimates of sea floor microroughness ," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 75, 809-818.

1984 Stanton, T.K. "Effects of second-order scattering on high resolution sonars " J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 76, 861-866.

1985  Stanton, T.K. "Volume scattering: Echo peak PDF ," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 77, 1358-1366.

1985  Stanton, T.K. "Sea surface scattering: Echo peak PDF ," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 77, 1367-1369.

1985  Stanton, T.K. "Echo fluctuations from the rough seafloor: Predictions based on acoustically measured microrelief properties ," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 78, 715-721.

1985 Stanton, T.K. "Density estimates of biological sound scatterers using sonar echo peak PDFs ," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 78, 1868-1873.

1986  Stanton, T.K. and C.S. Clay, "Sonar echo statistics as a remote sensing tool: Volume and Sea Floor, " IEEE J. Oceanic Eng. OE-11, 79-96.

1986  Stanton, T.K., K.C. Jezek, and A.J. Gow, "Acoustical reflection and scattering from the underside of laboratory grown sea ice: measurements and predictions ," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 80, 1486‑1494.

1987  Stanton, T.K., R.D.M. Nash, R.L. Eastwood, and R.W. Nero, "A field examination of acoustical scattering from marine organisms at 70 kHz ," IEEE J. Oceanic Eng. OE‑12, 339-348.

1987 Nash, R.D.M., J.J. Magnuson, C.S. Clay, and T.K. Stanton, "A synoptic view of the Gulf Stream front with 70 kHz sonar:  Taking advantage of a closer look," Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 44, 2022-2024.

1988  Stanton, T.K. "Sound scattering by cylinders of finite length I: Fluid cylinders ," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 83, 55-63.

1988  Stanton, T.K. "Sound scattering by cylinders of finite length II: Elastic cylinders ," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 83, 64-67.

1989  Stanton, T.K. "Sound scattering by cylinders of finite length III: Deformed cylinders ", J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 86, 691-705.

1989  Stanton, T.K. "Simple approximate formulas for backscattering of sound by spherical and elongated objects ", J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 86, 1499-1510.

1989 Nash, R.D.M., J.J. Magnuson, T.K. Stanton, and C.S. Clay, "Distribution of peaks of 70 kHz acoustic scattering in relation to depth and temperature during day and night at the edge of the Gulf Stream-- Echo Front 83 ," Deep Sea Res. 36 (4), 587-596.

1990  Chu, D. and T.K. Stanton, "Application of Twersky's boss scattering theory to laboratory measurements of sound scattered by a rough surface ," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 87, 1557-1568.

1990 Nero, R.W., J.J. Magnuson, S.B. Brandt, T.K. Stanton, and J.M. Jech, "Finescale biological patchiness of 70 kHz acoustic scattering at the edge of the Gulf Stream-- EchoFront 85 ," Deep Sea Res. 37 (6), 999-1016.

1990  Stanton, T.K. "Sound scattering by spherical and elongated shelled bodies ," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 88, 1619-1633.

1990  Stanton, T.K. "Sound scattering by zooplankton," Rapp. P.-v. Reun. Cons. int. Explor. Mer. (Journal for the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea) 189, 353-362.

1990 Jezek, K.C., T.K. Stanton, A.J. Gow, and M.A. Lange, "Influence of environmental conditions on acoustical properties of sea ice, " J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 88, 1903-1912.

1990 Wiebe, P.H., C.H. Greene, T.K. Stanton, and J. Burczynski, "Sound scattering by live zooplankton and micronekton: Empirical studies with a dual beam acoustical system ," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 88, 2346-2360.

1991 Greene, C.H., T.K. Stanton, P.H. Wiebe, and S. McClatchie, "Acoustic estimates of antarctic krill," Nature 349, 110 (L).

1991 Diperna, D., and T.K. Stanton, "Fresnel zone effects in the scattering of sound by cylinders of various lengths ," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 90, 3348-3355.

1992  Chu, D., T.K. Stanton, and P.H. Wiebe, "Frequency dependence of sound backscattering from live individual zooplankton," ICES J. Mar. Sci. 49, 97-106.

1992  Stanton, T.K., "Sound scattering by rough elongated elastic objects: I. means of scattered field ," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 92, 1641-1664.

1992  Stanton, T.K., and D. Chu, "Sound scattering by rough elongated elastic objects: II. fluctuations of scattered field ," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 92, 1665-1678.

1993  Chu, D., K.G. Foote, and T.K. Stanton, "Further analysis of target strength measurements of antarctic krill at 38 kHz and 120 kHz: Comparison with deformed cylinder model and inference of orientation distribution ," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 93, 2985-2988 (L).

1993 Gurley, J.V., and T.K. Stanton, "Sound scattering by rough elongated elastic objects. III. experiment ," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 94, 2746-2755.

1993  Stanton, T.K., C.S. Clay, and D. Chu, "Ray representation of sound scattering by weakly scattering deformed fluid cylinders: Simple physics and application to zooplankton, " J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 94, 3454-3462.

1993  Stanton, T.K., D. Chu, P.H. Wiebe, and C.S. Clay, "Average echoes from randomly-oriented random-length finite cylinders: Zooplankton models ," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 94, 3463-3472.

1994 DiPerna, D., and T.K. Stanton, "Sound scattering by cylinders of noncircular cross section: A conformal mapping approach ," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 96, 3064-3079.

1994  Stanton, T.K., P.H. Wiebe, D. Chu, and L. Goodman, "Acoustic characterization and discrimination of marine zooplankton and turbulence ," ICES J. Mar. Sci. 51, 469-479.

1994 Stanton, T.K., P.H. Wiebe, D. Chu, M. Benfield, L. Scanlon, L. Martin, and R.L. Eastwood, "On acoustic estimates of zooplankton biomass ," ICES J. Mar. Sci. 51, 505-512.

1995  Stanton, T.K. and K.G. Foote, "Comments on `A generalized target strength model for euphausiids, with applications to other zooplankton,' J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 95, 2452-2466 (1994) ," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 98, 1807-1809.

1996  Stanton, T.K., D. Chu and P.H. Wiebe, "Acoustic scattering characteristics of several zooplankton groups ," ICES J. Mar. Sci. 53, 289-295.

1996 Martin, L.V.,  T.K. Stanton, J.F. Lynch and P.H. Wiebe, "Acoustic classification of zooplankton ,”  ICES J. Mar. Sci. 53, 217-224.

1996 Wiebe, P.H., D.G. Mountain, T.K. Stanton, C.H. Greene, G. Lough, S. Kaartvedt, J. Dawson, and N. Copley, "Acoustical study of the spatial distribution of plankton on Georges Bank and the relationship between volume backscattering strength and the taxonomic composition of the plankton ," Deep-Sea Res. II 43, 1971-2001.

1997 Wiebe, P.H., T.K. Stanton, M. Benfield, D. Mountain, and C. Greene, “High frequency acoustic volume backscattering in the Georges Bank coastal region and its interpretation using scattering models  ,” IEEE J. Ocean. Eng. 22, 445-464.

1998  Stanton, T.K., D. Chu, P.H. Wiebe, L. Martin and R.L. Eastwood, "Sound scattering by several zooplankton groups I: Experimental determination of dominant scattering mechanisms ," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 103, 225-235.

1998  Stanton, T.K., D. Chu, and P.H. Wiebe, "Sound scattering by several zooplankton groups II: scattering models ," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 103, 236-253.

1998 Stanton, T.K., P.H. Wiebe, and D. Chu, “Differences between sound scattering by weakly scattering spheres and finite length cylinders with applications to sound scattering by zooplankton ,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 103, 254-264.

1998  Chu, D., and T.K. Stanton, “Application of pulse compression techniques to broadband acoustic scattering by live individual zooplankton ,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 104, 39-55.

1998 Benfield, M.C., P.H. Wiebe, T.K. Stanton, C.S. Davis, S.M. Gallager, and C.H. Greene, “Estimating the spatial distribution of zooplankton biomass by combining video plankton recorder and single-frequency acoustic data ," Deep Sea Res. 45, 1175-1199.

1998 Martin Traykovski, L.V., T.K. Stanton, P.H. Wiebe, and J.F. Lynch, “Model based covariance mean variance classification techniques: Algorithm development and applications to the acoustic classification of zooplankton  ,” IEEE J. Ocean. Eng. 23, 344-364.

2000  Stanton, T.K., D. Chu, P.H. Wiebe, R.L. Eastwood, and J.D. Warren, “Acoustic scattering by benthic and planktonic shelled animals ,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 108, 535-550.

2000  Stanton, T.K., “On acoustic scattering by a shell-covered seafloor ,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 108, 551-555.

2000  Stanton, T.K. and D. Chu, “Review and recommendations for modeling of acoustic scattering by fluid-like elongated zooplankton: Euphausiids and copepods ,” ICES J. Mar. Sci. 57(4), 793-807.

2001 Warren, J.D., T.K. Stanton, M.C. Benfield, P.H. Wiebe, D. Chu, and M. Sutor, “In situ measurements of acoustic target strengths of siphonophores, a gas-bearing zooplankter ,” ICES J. Mar. Sci. 58, 740-749.

2002  Warren, J.D., T.K. Stanton, D.E. McGehee, and D. Chu, “Effect of animal orientation on acoustic estimates of zooplankton properties  ,” IEEE J. Ocean Eng. 27, 130-138.

2002 Lavery, A.C., T.K. Stanton, D.E. McGehee, and D. Chu, “Three-dimensional modeling of acoustic backscattering from fluid-like zooplankton  ,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 111, 1197-1210.

2002 Wiebe, P.H., T.K. Stanton, C.H. Greene, M.C. Benfield, H.M. Sosik, T. Austin, J.D. Warren, and T. Hammar, “Biomaper-II: An integrated instrument platform for coupled biological and physical measurements in coastal and oceanic regimes  ,” IEEE J. Ocean. Eng. 27, 700-716.

2003 Benfield, M.C., A. Lavery, P.H. Wiebe, C.H. Greene, T.K. Stanton, and N. Copley, “Distributions of physonect siphonulae in the Gulf of Maine and their potential as important sources of acoustic scattering  ,” Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 60, 759-772.

2003  Stanton, T.K., D.B. Reeder, and J.M. Jech, “Inferring fish orientation from broadband-acoustic echoes ,” ICES J. Mar. Sci. 60, 524-531.

2003 Warren, J.D., T.K. Stanton, P.H. Wiebe, and H.E. Seim, “Inference of biological and physical parameters in an internal wave using multiple-frequency acoustic-scattering data ,” ICES J. Mar. Sci. 60, 1033-1046.

2003 Lavery, A.C., R.W. Schmitt, and T.K. Stanton, “High-frequency acoustic scattering from turbulent oceanic microstructure: the importance of density fluctuations ,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 114, 2685-2697.

2004  Stanton, T.K., D. Chu, and D.B. Reeder, “Non-Rayleigh acoustic scattering characteristics of individual fish and zooplankton  ,” IEEE J. Ocean. Eng. 29, 260-268.

2004  Stanton, T.K. and D. Chu, “On the acoustic diffraction by the edges of benthic shells ,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 116, 239-244.

2004 Reeder, D.B. and T.K. Stanton, “Acoustic scattering by axisymmetric finite-length bodies: An extension of a 2-dimensional conformal mapping method ,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 116, 729-746.

2004 Reeder, D.B., J.M. Jech, and T.K. Stanton, “Broadband acoustic backscatter and high-resolution morphology of fish: Measurement and modeling ,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 116, 747-761.

2006 Lawson, G.L., P.H. Wiebe, C.J. Ashjian, D. Chu, and T.K. Stanton, “Improved parameterization of Antarctic krill target strength models  ,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 119, 232-242. 

2007 Stanton, T.K., D. Chu and G.V. Norton, "Acoustic diffraction by deformed edges of finte length:  Theory and experiment," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 122, 3167-3176.

2007 Chu, D., T.K. Stanton, and A.D. Pierce, "Higher-order acoustic diffraction by edges of finte thickness," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 122, 3177-3194.

2007 Lavery, A.C., P.H. Wiebe, T.K. Stanton, G.L. Lawson, M.C. Benfield, and N. Copley, "Determining dominant scatterers of sound in mixed zooplankton populations," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 122, 3304-3326.

2008 Lawson, G.L., P.H. Wiebe, T.K. Stanton, and C.J. Ashjian, "Euphausiid distribution along the Western Antarctic Peninsula - (A) Development of robust multi-frequency acoustic techniques to identify euphausiid aggregations and quantify euphausiid size, abundance, and biomass," Deep-Sea Research II, 55, 412-431.

2008 Lawson, G.L., P.H. Wiebe, C.J. Ashjian, and T.K. Stanton, "Euphausiid distribution along the Western Antarctic Peninsula - (B) Distribution of euphausiid aggregations and biomass and associations with environmental features," Deep-Sea Research II, 55, 432-454.

2008 Jones, B.A., T.K. Stanton, A.C. Lavery, M.P. Johnson, P.T. Madsen, and P.L. Tyack, "Classification of broadband echoes from prey of a foraging Blainville's beaked whale," J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 123, 1753-1762.

2008 Stanton, T.K. and D. Chu, "Calibration of broadband active systems using a single standard spherical target," J. Acoustic. Soc. Am., 124, 128-136.

2009 Jones, B.A., A.C. Lavery, and T.K. Stanton, "Use of the distorted wave Born approximation to predict scattering by inhomogeneous objects: Application to squid," J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 125, 73-88.

2009 Stanton, T.K, "Broadband acoustic sensing of the ocean," J. Mar. Acoustic. Soc. Jpn., 36(2), 95-107.

2010 Stanton, T.K., D. Chu, J.M. Jech and J.D. Irish, "New broadband methods for resonance classification and high-resolution imagery of fish with swimbladders using a modified commercial broadband echosounder," ICES J. Mar. Sci., 67: 365-378.6

2010 Stanton, T.K. and D. Chu, "Non-Rayleigh echoes from resolved individuals and patches of resonant fish at 2-4 kHz," IEEE J. Ocean. Eng., 35: 152-163.

2010 Chu, D. and T.K. Stanton, "Statistics of echoes from a directional sonar beam insonifying finite numbers of single scatterers and patches of scatterers," IEEE J. Ocean. Eng., 35: 267-277.

2012 Stanton, T.K., C. Sellers, and J.M. Jech, “Resonance classification of mixed assemblages of fish with swimbladders using a broadband echosounder at 1-6 kHz.  Can. J. Aq. Sci., 69: 854-868.

2012 Lee, W.-J., A.C. Lavery, and T.K. Stanton, “Orientation dependence of broadband backscattering from live squid,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 131: 4461-4475.


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