(*, + denote student & postdoc advisee, respectively)

Links to Google Scholar & ISI Researcher ID F-5813-2012


Bai, H., L.G.J. Montési, and M.D. Behn, 2017, MeltMigrator: a MATLAB-based Software for Modeling Three-dimensional Melt Migration and Crustal Thickness Variations at Mid-Ocean Ridges Following a Rules-Based Approach, Geochem., Geophys., Geosys., v. 18, 445–456, doi:10.1002/2016GC006686.


*Stevens, L.A., M.D. Behn, S.B. Das, I. Joughin, B.P.Y. Noël, M.R. van den Broeke, and T. Herring, 2016, Greenland Ice Sheet flow response to runoff variability, Geophys. Res. Lett. v. 43, 11,295–11,303, doi:10.1002/ 2016GL070414. 

Howell, S.M., G. Ito, M.D. Behn, F. Martinez, J.-A. Olive, J. Escartín, 2016, Magmatic and tectonic extension at the Chile Ridge: Evidence for mantle controls on ridge segmentation, Geochem., Geophys., Geosys., v. 17, 2354–2373, doi:10.1002/2016GC006380.

*Olive, J.-A., M.D. Behn, E. Mittelstaedt, G. Ito, and B.Z. Klein, 2016, The role of elasticity in simulating long-term tectonic extension, Geophys. J. Int., v. 205, 728–743, doi:10.1093/gji/ggw044.

Kelemen, P.B., and M.D. Behn, 2016, Formation of lower continental crust by relamination of buoyant arc lavas and plutons, Nature Geosciences, v. 9, 197–205, doi:10.1038/NGEO2662.


+Wada, I., and M.D. Behn, 2015, Focusing of upward fluid migration beneath the arc: Effect of mineral grain size variation in the mantle wedge,  Geochem., Geophys., Geosys., v. 16, 3905–3923, doi:10.1002/2015GC005950. 

*Shinevar, W.J., Behn, M.D., G. Hirth, 2015, Compositional dependence lower crustal viscosity, Geophys. Res. Lett. , v. 42, 8333–8340, doi:10.1002/2015GL065459.

*Olive, J.-A., M.D. Behn, G. Ito, W.R. Buck, J. Escartín and S. Howell, 2015, Sensitivity of seafloor bathymetry to climate-driven fluctuations in mid-ocean ridge magma supply,  Science, v. 350, 310–313, doi:10.1126/science.aad0715. (Comments & Replies to this article can also be accessed through this link.)

Behn, M.D. and T.L Grove, 2015, Melting systematics in mid-ocean ridge basalts:  Application of a plagioclase-spinel melting model to global variations in major element chemistry and crustal thickness, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, v. 120, 4863–4886, doi:10.1002/2015JB011885.

*Stevens, L.A., M.D. Behn, J.J. McGuire, S.B. Das, I. Joughin, T. Herring, D.E. Shean, M.A. King, 2015, Hydrologically Induced Basal Slip Triggers Greenland Supraglacial Lake Drainages, Nature, v. 522, 73–76, doi:10.1038/nature14480. 

*Zhou, Z., J. Lin, M.D. Behn, and J.-A. Olive, 2015, Mechanism for normal faulting in the subducting plate at the Mariana trench, Geophys. Res. Lett., v. 42, 4309–4317, doi:10.1002/2015GL063917.

Whitehead, J.A., and M.D. Behn, 2015, The continental drift convection cell, Geophys. Res. Lett., v. 42, 4301–4308, doi:10.1002/2015GL064480.

Carmichael, J.D., I. Joughin, M.D. Behn, S. Das, M.A. King, L. Stevens, D. Lizarralde, 2015, Seismicity on the Western Greenland Ice Sheet: Surface Fracture in the Vicinity of Active Moulins, J. Geophys. Res. Earth Surf., v. 120, 1082–1106, doi:10.1002/2014JF003398. 

Hacker, B.R., P.B. Kelemen, M.D. Behn, 2015, Continental lower crust, Ann. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci., v. 43, 6.1–6.39, doi: 10.1146/annurev-earth-050212-124117.

Turner, A.J., R.F. Katz, and M.D. Behn, 2015, Grain-size dynamics beneath mid-ocean ridges: Implications for permeability and melt extraction, Geochem., Geophys., Geosys. v. 16, 925–946, doi:10.1002/2014GC005692.

Poinar, K., I. Joughin, S.B. Das, M.D. Behn, J.T.M. Lenaerts, M.R. van den Broeke, 2015, Limits to future expansion of surface-melt-enhanced ice flow into the interior of western Greenland, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 1800–1807, doi:10.1002/2015GL063192.

+Wanless, V.D., A.M. Shaw, M.D. Behn, S.A., Soule, J. Escartin, and C. Hamelin, 2015, Magmatic plumbing at Lucky Strike Volcano based on the composition of olivine-hosted melt inclusion compositions, Geochem., Geophys., Geosys., v. 16, doi:10.1002/2014GC005517.


Nielsen, S.G., N. Shimizu, C.-T.A. Lee, and M.D. Behn, 2014, Chalcophile behavior of thallium during MORB melting and implications for the sulfur content of the mantle, Geochem., Geophys., Geosys., v. 15, doi:10.1002/2014GC005536.

*Olive, J.-A., M.D. Behn, and L.C. Malatesa, 2014, Modes of extensional faulting controlled by surface processes, Geophys. Res. Lett., v. 41, 6725–6733, doi:10.1002/2014GL061507. 

+Wanless, V.D., M.D. Behn, A.M. Shaw, and T. Plank, 2014, Variations in melting dynamics and mantle composition in the Eastern Volcanic Zone of the Gakkel Ridge: insights from olivine-hosted melt inclusions, Contrib. Min. Petrol., 167:1005, doi:10.1007/s00410-014-1005-7.

*Olive, J.-A., and M.D. Behn, 2014, Rapid rotation of normal faults due to flexural stresses: An explanation for the global distribution of normal fault dips, J. Geophys. Res., v. 119, 3722-3739, doi:10.1002/2013JB010512.

*Olive, J.-A., F. Pearce, S. Rondenay, and M.D. Behn, 2014, Pronounced zonation of seismic anisotropy in the Western Hellenic subduction zone and its geodynamic significance, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., v. 391, 100-109.


Jagoutz, O. and M.D. Behn, 2013, Foundering of lower island-arc crust as an explanation for the origin of the continental Moho, Nature, v. 504, 131-134, doi:10.1038/nature12758.

Joughin, I., S.B. Das, G.E. Flowers, M.D. Behn, R.B. Alley, M.A. King, B.E. Smith, J. Bamber, M.R. van den Broeke, J.H. van Angelen, 2013, Influence of supraglacial lakes and ice-sheet geometry on seasonal ice-flow variability, The Cryosphere, v. 7, 1185-1192, doi:10.5194/tc-7-1185-2013.

*Bucholz, C.E., G.A. Gaetani, M.D. Behn, N. Shimizu, and M. Newville, 2013, Post-entrapment modification of volatiles and oxygen fugacity in olivine-hosted melt inclusions, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., v. 374, 145-155.

Shillington, D.J., H.J.A. Van Avendonk, M.D. Behn, P.B. Kelemen, and O. Jagoutz, 2013, Constraints on the composition of the Aleutian arc lower crust from Vp/Vs, Geophys. Res. Lett., v. 40, 2579-2584, doi:10.1002/grl.50375.


+Wada, I., M.D. Behn, and A.M. Shaw, 2012, Effects of heterogeneous hydration in the incoming plate, slab rehydration, and mantle wedge hydration on slab-derived H2O flux in subduction zones, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., v. 353-354, 60-71.

Colman, A., J. Sinton, S.M. White, T. McClinton, J. Bowles, K. Rubin, M.D. Behn, B. Cushman, D. Eason, T.K.P. Gregg, K. Grönvold, S. Hidalgo, J. Howell, O. Niell, and C. Russo, 2012, Effects of variable magma supply on mid-ocean ridge eruptions: Constraints from mapped lava flow fields along the Galápagos Spreading Center, Geochem., Geophys., Geosys., v. 13, Q08014, doi:10.1029/2012GC004163.

*Miller, N.C. and M.D. Behn, 2012, Timescales for the growth of sediment diapirs in subduction zones, Geophys. J. Int., v. 190, 1361-1377.

McGuire, J.J., J.A. Collins, P. Gouédard, E. Roland, D. Lizarralde, M.S. Boettcher, M.D. Behn, and R.D. van der Hilst, 2012, Variations in earthquake rupture properties along the Gofar transform fault, East Pacific Rise, Nature Geosci., v. 5, 336–341. 

Liu, Y., J.J. McGuire, and M.D. Behn, 2012, Frictional behavior of oceanic transform faults and its influence on earthquake characteristics, J. Geophys. Res., v. 117, B04315, doi:10.1029/ 2011JB009025.

Shaw, A.M., E.H. Hauri, M.D. Behn, D.R. Hilton, C.G. Macpherson, and J.M. Sinton, 2012, Long-term preservation of slab signatures in the mantle inferred from hydrogen isotopes, Nature Geosci., v. 5, 224–228.

Freed, A.M., G. Hirth, and M.D. Behn, 2012, Using short-term postseismic displacements to infer ambient deformation conditions of the upper mantle, J. Geophys. Res., v.117, B01409, doi:10.1029/2011JB008562.


Whitehead, J.A., E. Shea, and M.D. Behn, 2011, Cellular convection in a chamber with a warm surface raft, Physics of Fluids, v. 23, 104103, doi:10.1063/1.3651341.

Montési, L.G.J., M.D. Behn, L.B. Hebert, J. Lin, J.L. Barry, 2011, Controls on melt migration and extraction at the ultraslow Southwest Indian Ridge 10º–16ºE, J. Geophys. Res., v. 116, B10102, doi:10.1029/2011JB008259.

+Wada, I., M.D. Behn, and J. He, 2011, Grain size distribution in the mantle wedge of subduction zones, J. Geophys. Res., v. 116, B10203, doi:10.1029/2011JB008294.

Behn, M.D., P.B. Kelemen, G. Hirth, B.R. Hacker, and H.-J. Massonne, 2011, Diapirs as the source of the sediment signature in arc lavas, Nature Geosci., v. 4, 641-646.

Hacker, B.R, P.B. Kelemen, and M.D. Behn, 2011, Differentiation of the continental crust by relamination, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., v. 307, 501-516.

Brooks, B.A., J.H. Foster, J.J. McGuire, and M.D. Behn, 2011, Submarine landslides and slow earthquakes: Monitoring motion with GPS and seafloor geodesy, in Complexity in Earthquakes, Tsunamis, and Volcanoes, and Forecasting and Early Warning of their Hazards, Springer Complexity Encyclopedia, edited by W.H.K. Lee, ben-Avraham, D., Havlin, S., Helal, M.A., Sahimi, M., and Marchetti, M.C., 889-907. 


*Olive, J.-A., M.D. Behn, and B.E. Tucholke, 2010, The structure of oceanic core complexes controlled by the depth distribution of magma emplacement, Nature Geosci., v. 3, 491–495.

*Roland, E.C., M.D. Behn, and G. Hirth, 2010, Thermal-mechanical behavior of oceanic transform faults: Implications for seismicity and hydration of the oceanic upper mantle, Geochem., Geophys., Geosys., v. 11, Q07001, doi:10.1029/2010GC003034.

Conrad, C.P., and M.D. Behn, 2010, Constraints on lithosphere net rotation and asthenospheric viscosity from global mantle flow models and seismic anisotropy, Geochem., Geophys., Geosys., v. 11, Q05W05, doi:10.1029/2009GC002970.

Shaw, A.M., M.D. Behn, S.E. Humphris, R.A. Sohn, and P.M. Gregg, 2010, Deep pooling of low degree melts and volatile fluxes at the 85ºE segment of the Gakkel Ridge: Evidence from olivine-hosted melt inclusions and glasses, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., v. 289, 311–322.


*Gregg, P.M., M.D. Behn, J. Lin, and T.L. Grove, 2009, Melt generation, crystallization, and extraction beneath segmented oceanic transform faults, J. Geophys. Res., 114, B11102, doi:10.1029/2008JB006100.

Behn, M.D., G. Hirth, and J.R. Elsenbeck, II, 2009, Implications of grain-size evolution on the seismic structure of the oceanic upper mantle, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., v. 282, 178–189.

*Krawczynski, M.J., M.D. Behn, S.B. Das, and I. Joughin, 2009, Constraints on lake volume required for hydrofracture through ice sheets, Geophys. Res. Lett., v. 36, L10501, doi:10.1029/2008GL036765.


van Keken, P.E., C. Currie, S.D. King, M.D. Behn, A. Cagnioncle, J. He, R. Katz, S.-C. Lin, E.M. Parmentier, M. Spiegelman, K. Wang, 2008, A community benchmark for subduction zone modeling, Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., v. 171, 187–197.

Behn, M.D. and G. Ito, 2008, Magmatic and tectonic extension at mid-ocean ridges: 1. Controls on fault characteristics, Geochem., Geophys., Geosys., v. 9, Q08O10, doi:10.1029/2008GC001965.

Ito, G. and M.D. Behn, 2008, Magmatic and tectonic extension at mid-ocean ridges: 2. Origin of axial morphology, Geochem., Geophys., Geosys., v. 9, Q09O12, doi:10.1029/2008GC001970.

Tucholke, B.E., M.D. Behn, W.R. Buck, and J. Lin, 2008, The role of melt supply in oceanic detachment faulting and the formation of megamullions, Geology, v. 36, 455–458. 

Das, S.B., I. Joughin, M.D. Behn, I.H. Howat, M.A. King, D. Lizarralde, and M.P. Bhatia, 2008, Water-driven fracture propagation to the bed of the Greenland Ice Sheet during supraglacial lake drainage, Science, v. 320, 778–781. 

Hacker, B.R., L. Mehl, P.B. Kelemen, M. Rioux, M.D. Behn, and P. Luffi, 2008, Reconstruction of the Talkeetna intra-oceanic arc of Alaska through thermobarometry, J. Geophys. Res., v. 113, B03204, doi:10.1029/2007JB005208. 

*Mittlestaedt, E., G. Ito, and M.D. Behn, 2008, Mid-ocean ridge jumps associated with hotspot magmatism, Earth Planet Sci. Lett., v. 266, 256–270.

Silver, P.G. and M.D. Behn, 2008, Intermittent plate tectonics?, Science, v. 319, 85–88. 


Montési, L.G.J. and M.D. Behn, 2007, Mantle flow and melting at oblique and ultraslow mid-ocean ridges, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L24307, doi:10.1029/2007GL031067. 

Behn, M.D., G. Hirth, and P.B. Kelemen, 2007, Lower crustal foundering as a mechanism for trench parallel seismic anisotropy below volcanic arcs, Science, v. 317, 108–111. 

*Gregg, P.M., J. Lin, M.D. Behn, and L.G.J. Montési, 2007, Spreading rate dependence of the gravity structure of oceanic transform faults, Nature, v. 448, 183–187. 

Conrad, C.P., M.D. Behn, and P.G. Silver, 2007, Global mantle flow and the development of seismic anisotropy: Differences between the oceanic and continental upper mantle, J. Geophys. Res., v. 112, B07317, doi:10.1029/2006JB004608. 

Behn, M.D., M.S. Boettcher, and G. Hirth, 2007, Thermal structure of oceanic transform faults, Geology, v. 35, 307–310. 


Behn, M.D. and P.B. Kelemen, 2006, The stability of arc lower crust: Insights from the Talkeetna Arc section, south-central Alaska and the seismic structure of modern arcs, J. Geophys. Res., v. 111, B11207, doi:10.1029/2006JB004327. 

Behn, M.D., W.R. Buck, I.S. Sacks, 2006, Topographic controls on dike injection in volcanic rift zones, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., v. 246, 188–196. 

Kujawinski, E.B. and M.D. Behn, 2006, On the automated analysis of electrospray ionization fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectra of natural organic matter, Analytical Chemistry, v. 78, 4363–4373. 

Brooks, B.A., J.H. Foster, M. Bevis, L.N. Frazer, and M.D. Behn, 2006, Periodic slow earthquakes on the flank of Kilauea volcano, Hawai’i, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., v. 246, 207–216. 

Silver, P.G., M.D. Behn, K. Kelley, M. Schmitz, and B. Savage, 2006, Understanding cratonic flood basalts, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., v. 245, 190–201. 


Cowie, P., J. Underhill, M.D. Behn, J. Lin, and C. Gill, 2005, Spatio-temporal evolution of strain accumulation derived from multi-scale observations of Late Jurassic rifting in the northern North Sea: A critical test of models for lithospheric extension, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., v. 234, 401–419. 


Behn, M.D., J. Lin, and M.T. Zuber, 2004, Effects of hydrothermal cooling and magma injection on mid-ocean ridge temperature structure, deformation, and axial morphology, in Mid-Ocean Ridges: Hydrothermal Interactions Between the Lithosphere and Oceans, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., vol. 148, edited by C.R. German, J. Lin, and L.M. Parson, pp. 151–166, AGU, Washington, DC. 

Behn, M.D., C.P. Conrad, and P.G. Silver, 2004, Detection of upper mantle flow associated with the African superplume, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., v. 224, 259–274. 

Behn, M.D., J.M. Sinton, and R.S. Detrick, 2004, Effect of the Galápagos Hotspot on seafloor volcanism along the Galápagos Spreading Center (90.9º−97.6ºW), Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., v. 217, 331–347. 


Behn, M.D., and P.B. Kelemen, 2003, The relationship between seismic P-wave velocity and the composition of anhydrous igneous and meta-igneous rocks, Geochem., Geophys., Geosys., v. 4, 1041, doi:10.1029/2002GC000393. 

Sinton, J.M., R.S. Detrick, J.P. Canales, G. Ito, and M.D. Behn, 2003, Morphology and segmentation of the western Galápagos Spreading Center, 90.5º−98ºW: Plume-ridge interaction at an intermediate spreading ridge, Geochem., Geophys., Geosys., v. 4, 8515, doi:10.1029/2003GC000609. 


Behn, M.D., J. Lin, and M.T. Zuber, 2002, Evidence for weak oceanic transform faults, Geophys. Res. Lett., v. 29, 2207, doi:10.1029/2002GL015612. 

Behn, M.D., J. Lin, and M.T. Zuber, 2002, A continuum mechanics model for normal faulting using a strain-rate softening rheology: Implications for thermal and rheological controls on continental and oceanic rifting, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., v. 202, pp. 725–740. 

Detrick, R.S., J.M. Sinton, G. Ito, J.P. Canales, M. Behn, T. Blacic, B. Cushman, J.E. Dixon, D. Graham, and J. Mahoney, 2002, Correlated geophysical, geochemical and volcanological manifestations of plume-ridge interaction along the Galápagos Spreading Center, Geochem., Geophys., Geosys., v. 3, doi:10.1029/2002GC000350. 

Behn, M.D., J. Lin, and M.T. Zuber, 2002, Mechanisms of normal fault development at mid ocean ridges, J. Geophys. Res., v. 107, doi:10.1029/2001JB000503. 


Behn, M.D. and J. Lin, 2000, Segmentation in gravity and magnetic anomalies along the U.S. East Coast passive margin: Implications for incipient structure of the oceanic lithosphere, J. Geophys. Res., v. 105, pp. 25,769–25,790. 

Behn, M.D. and M.T. Zuber, 2000, A comparison of ocean topography derived from the Shuttle Laser Altimeter  01 and TOPEX/POSEIDON, IEEE Trans. Geoscience and Remote Sensing, v. 38, pp. 1425–1438. 


Behn, M.D., J.D. Eusden, Jr., and J.A. Notte III, 1998, A three dimensional gravity model of the southern contact of the Sebago Pluton, Maine, Canadian Journal of Earth Science, v. 35, pp. 649–656. 

© Mark Behn 2015