People Directory : Ying-Tsong Lin

Ying-Tsong Lin

Ying-Tsong Lin

Associate Scientist w/ Tenure

Applied Ocean Physics & Engineering

Office Phone: +1 508 289 2329

Fax: +1 508 457 2194

» Lab/Group Site

WHOI Mailing Address:

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

266 Woods Hole Rd.

MS# 11

Woods Hole, MA 02543-1050


Ph.D., National Taiwan University, Taiwan, 2004, Engineering Science and Ocean Engineering
M.S., National Taiwan University, Taiwan , 1998, Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering
B.S., National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan, 1996, Hydraulics and Ocean Engineering

Research Interests

Sound propagation physics; Computational acoustics; Acoustical oceanography; Inverse problems; Marine mammal acoustics; Signal processing; Oceanographic processes in areas of the continental shelf and the shelfbreak and their effects on sound propagation

Research Statement

(1)  Theory -- Investigation of a unified theory to correlate underwater sound field perturbation with ocean environment variability.  
(2)  Technology -- Advancement of underwater acoustic technologies by collaborating with outstanding WHOI engineers through a number of ONR DURIP projects and also the recent Keck-WHOI Acoustic Telescope project.  I believe technology advances can yield scientific breakthroughs. 
(3)  Numerical modeling -- Integrated ocean acoustic modeling with realistic environmental inputs ultimately towards a data-assimilated ocean acoustic model. 
(4)  Big data science -- Ocean acoustic informatics.  We need DATA to inform theoretical analyses and numerical models.  Theories and modeling tools can construct the back bone, but we need data to build up the muscle, eventually yielding a data-assimilated virtual reality ocean acoustical domain. 
(5)  Naval relevance --  Securing the Navy's advantage on ocean acoustics.  GO TO SEA!!  I have been conducting field work in Arctic, China Seas, East Coast, etc., and keeping my international collaborations to access the global ocean.  I recognize the importance of ocean research on securing our Sea Power.

Publications (peer-reviewed)

(* denotes student or postdoc under my advice; # denotes equal contributions)


(45)   Y.-T. Lin, A.E. Newhall, J.H. Miller, G.R. Potty, and K.J. Vigness-Raposa, “A three-dimensional underwater sound propagation model for offshore wind farm noise prediction,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. Express Letter, submitted (2019).

(44)   T.F. Duda, Y.-T. Lin, A.E. Newhall, K.R. Helfrich, J.F. Lynch, W.G. Zhang, P.F.J. Lermusiaux, and J. Wilkin, “Multiscale multiphysics data-informed modeling for three-dimensional ocean acoustic simulation and prediction,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., submitted (2019).

(43)   M.A. Milone*, B.J. DeCourcy, Y.-T. Lin, and W.L. Siegmann, “Parameter dependence of acoustic mode quantities in an idealized model for shallow-water nonlinear internal wave ducts,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., submitted (2019).

(42)   T. C. A. Oliveira* and Y.-T. Lin, “3D global scale underwater sound modeling: the T-phase wave 3D global scale underwater sound modeling: the T-phase wave,” submitted.

(41)   Y.-T. Lin, “Three-dimensional boundary fitted parabolic-equation model of underwater sound propagation,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., submitted (2019).

(40)   D.B. Reeder, and Y.-T. Lin, “3D acoustic propagation through an estuarine salt wedge at low-to-mid-frequencies:  Modeling and measurement,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., submitted (2018).

(39)   Y.-T. Lin, J. Bonnel, D.P. Knobles, and P.S. Wilson, “Full-waveform geoacoustic inversions with absolute travel time,” IEEE J. Ocean. Eng., submitted (2018).

(38)   E.M. Brown*, Y.-T. Lin, A.D. Pierce, and W.L. Siegmann, “Geoacoustic inversions in the New England Mud Patch using silt-suspension theory for marine mud,” IEEE J. Ocean. Eng., submitted (2018).

(37)   D.R. Barclay* and Y.-T. Lin, “Three-dimensional noise modeling in a submarine canyon,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., submitted (2018).

In press

(36) B.J. DeCourcy*, Y.-T. Lin, and W.L. Siegmann, “Effects of front width on acoustic ducting by a continuous curved front over a sloping bottom,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., in press (2018)


(35) J.F. Lynch, G.G. Gawarkiewicz, Y.-T. Lin, T.F. Duda, and A.E. Newhall “Impacts of Ocean Warming on Acoustic Propagation Over Continental Shelf and Slope Regions,” Oceanography, vol. 31(2) (2018). [9 pages] DOI:10.5670/oceanog.2018.219

(34) T.F. Duda, Y.-T. Lin, M. Buijsman, and A.E. Newhall, "Internal tidal modal ray refraction and energy ducting in baroclinic Gulf Stream currents," J. Phys. Oceanogr., vol. 48, pp. 1969-1993 (2018). [25 pages] DOI:10.1175/JPO-D-18-0031.1

(33) J. Bonnel, Y.-T. Lin, D. Eleftherakis, J. Goff, S. Dosso, R. Chapman, J.H. Miller, and G.R. Potty, "Geoacoustic inversion on the New England Mud Patch using warping and dispersion curves of high-order modes," J. Acoust. Soc. Am., vol. 143, pp. EL405-EL411 (2018). [7 pages] DOI:10.1121/1.5039769

(32) B.J. DeCourcy*, Y.-T. Lin, and W.L. Siegmann, “Estimating the parameter sensitivity of acoustic mode quantities for an idealized shelfslope front,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., vol. 143, pp. 706-716 (2017). [11 pages] DOI:10.1121/1.5022776
(31) A.E. Newhall, Y.-T. Lin, T.M. Grothues, J.F. Lynch and G.G. Gawarkiewicz, “A method of observing acoustic scattering and absorption by fish schools using autonomous underwater vehicles,” IEEE J. Ocean. Eng., vol. 42, pp. 29-36 (2017). [8 pages]  DOI:10.1109/JOE.2016.2552878
(30) B.J. DeCourcy*, Y.-T. Lin, and W.L. Siegmann, “Approximate formulas and physical interpretations for horizontal acoustic modes in a shelf-slope front model,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., vol. 140, EL20-EL25 (2016). DOI:10.1121/1.4954881
(29) C. Emerson, J.F. Lynch, P. Abbot, Y.-T. Lin, T.F. Duda, G.G. Gawarkiewicz and C.-F. Chen, “Acoustic Propagation Uncertainty and Probabilistic Prediction of Sonar System Performance in the Southern East China Sea Continental Shelf and Shelfbreak Environments,” IEEE J. Ocean. Eng., vol. 40, pp. 1003-1017 (2015). [15 pages] DOI:10.1109/JOE.2014.2362820
(28) Y.-T. Lin, T.F. Duda, C. Emerson, G.G. Gawarkiewicz, A.E. Newhall, B. Calder, J.F. Lynch, P. Abbot, Y.-J. Yang and S. Jan, “Experimental and numerical studies of sound propagation over a submarine canyon northeast of Taiwan,” IEEE J. Ocean. Eng., vol. 40, pp. 237-249 (2015). [13 pages] DOI:10.1109/JOE.2013.2294291 (OPEN ACESS)
(27) L.Y.S. Chiu, A. Chang, Y.-T. Lin, and C.-S. Liu, “Estimating Geo-acoustic Properties of the Surficial Sediments in the Region of North Mein-Hua Canyon with a Chirp Sonar Profiler,” IEEE J. Ocean. Eng., vol. 40, pp. 222-236 (2015). [15 pages] DOI:10.1109/JOE.2013.2296362

(26) A.A. Shmelev, J.F. Lynch, Y.-T. Lin and H. Schmidt, “3D coupled mode analysis of internal-wave acoustic ducts,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., vol. 135, pp. 2497-2512 (2014). [16 pages] DOI:10.1121/1.4869847

(25) Y.-T. Lin, “A higher-order tangent linear parabolic-equation solution of three-dimensional sound propagation,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., vol. 134, pp. EL251-EL257 (2013). [7 pages] DOI:10.1121/1.4813852 (OPEN ACESS)

(24) Y.-T. Lin, T.F. Duda and A.E. Newhall, “Three-dimensional sound propagation models using the parabolic-equation approximation and the split-step Fourier method,” J. Comp. Acoust., vol. 21, 1250018 (2013). [24 pages] DOI:10.1142/S0218396X1250018X (OPEN ACESS)
(23) Y.-T. Lin, K.G. McMahon, J.F. Lynch, and W.L. Siegmann, “Horizontal ducting of sound by curved nonlinear internal gravity waves in the continental shelf areas,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., vol. 133, pp. 37-49 (2013). [13 pages] DOI:10.1121/1.4770240
(22) Y.-T. Lin, J.M. Collis and T.F. Duda, “A three-dimensional parabolic equation model of sound propagation using higher-order operator splitting and Padé approximants,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., vol. 132, pp. EL364-EL370 (2012). [7 pages] DOI:10.1121/1.4754421 (OPEN ACESS)

(21) Y.-T. Lin and T.F. Duda, “A higher-order split-step Fourier parabolic-equation sound propagation solution scheme,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., vol. 132, pp. EL61-EL67 (2012). [7 pages] DOI:10.1121/1.4730328 (OPEN ACESS)

(20) M.S. Ballard, Y.-T. Lin and J.F. Lynch, “Horizontal refraction of propagating sound due to seafloor scours over a range-dependent layered bottom on the New Jersey shelf,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., vol. 131, pp. 2587-2598 (2012). [12 pages] DOI:10.1121/1.3687446

(19) A.E. Newhall, Y.-T. Lin, J.F. Lynch, M.F. Baumgartner, and G.G. Gawarkiewicz, “Long distance passive localization of vocalizing sei whales using an acoustic normal mode approach,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., vol. 131, pp. 1814-1825 (2012). [12 pages] DOI:10.1121/1.3666015

(18) Y.-T. Lin, A.E. Newhall and J.F. Lynch, “Low-frequency broadband sound source localization using an adaptive normal mode back-propagation approach in a shallow-water ocean,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., vol. 131, pp. 1798-1813 (2012). [16 pages] DOI:10.1121/1.3672643

(17) T.F. Duda, J.M. Collis, Y.-T. Lin, A.E. Newhall, J.F. Lynch, and H.A. DeFerrari, “Horizontal coherence of low-frequency fixed-path sound in a continental shelf region with internal-wave activity,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., vol. 131, pp. 1782-1797 (2012). [16 pages] DOI:10.1121/1.3666003

(16) J.F. Lynch, C. Emerson, P.A. Abbot, G.G. Gawarkiewicz, A.E. Newhall, Y.-T. Lin, T.F. Duda, “On whether azimuthal isotropy and alongshelf translational invariance are present in low-frequency acoustic propagation along the New Jersey shelfbreak” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., vol. 131, pp. 1762-1781 (2012). [20 pages] DOI:10.1121/1.3672644

(15) J.A. Colosi, T.F. Duda, Y.-T. Lin, J.F. Lynch, A.E. Newhall, and B.D. Cornuelle, “Observations of sound-speed fluctuations on the New Jersey continental shelf in the summer of 2006,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., vol. 131, pp. 1733-1748 (2012). [16 pages] DOI:10.1121/1.3666014

(14) K.G. Foote, M.C. Hastings, D.R. Ketten, Y.-T. Lin, J.S. Reidenberg, and K. Rye, “Sonar-induced pressure fields in a post-mortem common dolphin,” J. Acoustc. Soc. Am., vol. 131, pp. 1595-1604 (2012). [10 pages] DOI:10.1121/1.3675005

(13) Y.-T. Lin and J.F. Lynch, “Analytical study of the horizontal ducting of sound by an oceanic front over a slope,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., vol. 131, pp. EL1-EL7 (2011). [7 pages] DOI:10.1121/1.3662030 (OPEN ACESS)

(12) T.F. Duda, Y.-T. Lin, and D.B. Reeder, “Observationally constrained modeling of sound in curved ocean internal waves: Examination of deep ducting and surface ducting at short range,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., vol. 130, pp. 1173-1187 (2011). [15 pages] DOI:10.1121/1.3605565

(11) L.Y.S. Chiu, Y.-T. Lin#, C.-F. Chen, T.F. Duda, and B. Calder, “Focused sound from three-dimensional sound propagation effects over a submarine canyon,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., vol. 129, pp. EL260-EL266 (2011). [7 pages] DOI:10.1121/1.3579151 (OPEN ACESS)

(10) V.M. Kuz’kin, Y.-T. Lin, A.A. Lunkov, J.F. Lynch, and V.G. Petnikov, “Frequency shifts of the sound field interference pattern on oceanic shelf in summer conditions”, Acoustical Physics, vol. 57, pp. 387-397 (2011). [11 pages] DOI:10.1134/S1063771011030092

(9) M. Badiey, B.G. Katsnelson, Y.-T. Lin, and J.F. Lynch, “Acoustic multipath arrivals in the horizontal plane due to approaching nonlinear internal waves”, J. Acoust. Soc. Am., vol. 126, pp. EL141-EL147 (2011). [7 pages] DOI:10.1121/1.3553374 (OPEN ACESS)

(8) Y.-T. Lin, A.E. Newhall, T.F. Duda, P.F.J. Lermusiaux, and P.J. Haley, “Merging multiple partial-depth data time series using objective empirical orthogonal function fitting,” IEEE J. Ocean. Eng., vol. 35, pp. 710-721 (2010). [12 pages] DOI:10.1109/JOE.2010.2052875

(7) J.F. Lynch, Y.-T. Lin, T.F. Duda, and A.E. Newhall, “Acoustic Ducting, Shadowing, Refraction and Dispersion by Curved Non-Linear Internal Waves in Shallow Water,” IEEE J. Ocean. Eng., vol. 35, pp. 12-27 (2010). [16 pages] DOI:10.1109/JOE.2009.2038512

(6) Y.-T Lin, T.F. Duda and J.F. Lynch, “Acoustic mode radiation from the termination of a truncated nonlinear internal gravity wave duct in a shallow ocean area”, J. Acoust. Soc. Am., vol. 126, pp. 1752-1765 (2009). [14 pages] DOI:10.1121/1.3203268

(5) L.-W. Hsieh, C.-F. Chen, M.-C. Yuan, and Y.-T. Lin, “Azimuthal Limitation in 3D PE Approximation for Underwater Acoustic Propagation,” J. Comp. Acoust., vol.15, pp. 221-233 (2007). [13 pages] DOI:10.1142/S0218396X07003317

(4) Y.-T. Lin, C.-F. Chen and J. F. Lynch, “An Equivalent Transform Method for Evaluating the Effect of Water Column Mismatch on Geoacoustic Inversion,” IEEE J. Ocean. Eng., vol. 31, pp. 284-298 (2006). [15 pages] DOI:10.1109/JOE.2006.875232

(3) S. L. DeRuiter, P. L. Tyack, Y.-T. Lin, A. E. Newhall, J. F. Lynch and P. J.O. Miller, “Modeling acoustic propagation of airgun array pulses recorded on tagged sperm whales,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. vol. 120, pp. 4100-4114 (2006). [15 pages] DOI:10.1121/1.2359705

(2) Y.-T. Lin, J. F. Lynch, N. Chotiros, C.-F. Chen, A. E. Newhall, A. Turgut, S. Schock, C.-S. Chiu, L. Bartek and C.-S. Liu, “An Estimate of the Bottom Compressional Wave Speed Profile in the Northeastern South China Sea Using “Sources of Opportunity,” IEEE J. Oceanic Eng., vol. 29, pp. 1231-1248 (2004). [18 pages] DOI:10.1109/JOE.2004.834681

(1) C.-F. Chen, Y.-T. Lin, and D. Lee, “A three-dimensional azimuthal wide-angle model for the parabolic wave equation,” J. Comp. Acoust., vol. 7, pp. 269-286 (1999). [18 pages] DOI:10.1142/S0218396X99000187


Other Universities:

Adjunct Professor, University of Rhode Island

Visiting Research Scientist, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Academic Society:

Acoustical Society of America
American Geophysical Union
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
IEEE Oceanic Engineering Society


W.M. Keck Foundation Research Program Grant Award; Lead PI, Project Title: “Real-Time 3D Deep Water Acoustic Telescope”, USA, 2018

Medwin Prize in Acoustical Oceanography, the Acoustical Society of America, USA, 2018
Fellow, the Acoustical Society of America, USA, 2017
A B Wood Medal, the Institute of Acoustics, UK, 2015

Early Career Scientist Award, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, USA, 2015
ONR Postdoctoral Research Fellowship Award, USA, 2008
Postdoctoral Scholar Award, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, USA, 2004
The Government Scholarship for Studying Abroad, Taiwan, 2002