R/V Knorr Cranes & Overside Handling
Knorr is outfitted with two permanently installed hydraulic marine cranes manufactured by Allied Marine Cranes. The cranes, Model TB 60-70, are identical in every respect except that the Trawl Crane is equipped with a sheave train to handle the trawl wire. These cranes are situated so as to serve the entire scientific working area in the after part of the ship from the flying bridge to the stern. There is adequate reach overboard for instrument handling and loading from a dock. A small portable HIAB Sea Crane 200 is also available. All cranes are totally self-contained with the electrical controller, hydraulic power packs and operator station mounted on the crane. The cranes are operated by the ship’s crew.
This crane is located on the starboard quarter of the
fantail in a position which allows loads to be handled on the fantail and over
the stern or side. As noted in the description of the trawl winch, this crane is
equipped with a sheave train which allows the passage of the trawl wire from the
winch below decks to an overboarding block permanently mounted on the main
shipper boom. Instruments are picked up from storage areas on the fantail, swung
overboard, and lowered directly from the crane. When used in this manner, the
crane is housed in a boom crutch for added safety, strength and the relief of
stresses on the hydraulic system.
The crane is fitted with one fixed boom (main shipper) and two extendible booms (crowds). The crane is mounted on a tubular pedestal which raises all moving components well off the deck with an 8-foot vertical clearance. The working reach of the crane ranges from 6 to 70 feet over a full 360-degree arc. The load ratings range from 8,000 to 60,000 lbs. depending on the radius from the center of rotation. Safe Working Load values are given below.
Use of the crane at sea is limited primarily by the strength of the slewing or rotating mechanism. The slewing mechanism inherently cannot withstand side loading caused by towing instruments or by the roll of the ship. There are no rigid guidelines for the use of the crane in that regard, but in general, side loading producing a torque of 60,000 ft-lbs. (2,000 lbs. at a 30 ft. radius or equivalent) should be avoided. At sea, limits on crane use are normally set by common sense and the practice of good seamanship.
This crane has the same capacity and operating limits as the trawl crane. The crane is mounted on the 01 Deck in the midship section, slightly to starboard of the centerline. This location allows the crane to reach the entire midship body of the ship, hatches to internal storage areas and the dock. Its primary function is to load/unload the ship and to move gear around on deck. The crane is mounted on a pedestal which raises all moving components well off the deck with a 7.5-foot vertical clearance.
Portable Utility Crane
The ship can carry a small portable crane which can be positioned on deck as
required by individual science programs; contact Ship Operations if use is
desired. The crane is an articulated, totally self-contained, hydraulic unit.
Its purpose is to assist in handling bulky or heavy scientific gear on deck.
Because the crane is articulated, load motion due to pendulum effect can be
minimized and the crane can reach below its base. The crane is mounted on a
steel baseplate which can be easily bolted down using the deck tie-downs. The
practical working reach of the crane ranges from 4 to 26 feet over a full
360-degree arc. The load ratings range from 5,600 to 10,700 lbs. depending on
the radius from the center of rotation.
The slewing mechanism inherently cannot withstand side loading caused by towing or pulling of instruments or by the roll of the ship. As with all cranes there are no rigid guidelines for the use of the crane in this regard, but in general, side loading should be avoided. At sea, limits on crane use are normally set by common sense and the practice of good seamanship.