Syllabus & CalendarThe syllabus can be found here and the course calendar can be found here.
Topics1. An Introduction to Physical Oceanography and the course - Young-Oh Kwon
b. A first look at large scale distributions and circulation, and the goals of this course.
Part I; Temperature, salinity and other tracers in the deep ocean.
Part II; Wind-driven circulation in the upper ocean.
c. Course administration.
2. Seawater and its properties - Young-Oh Kwon
Lecture 6 - September 28th [ppt] [video]Pressure effects on temperature and density.
Lecture 7 - September 30th [ppt] [video]TS Diagrams, water types, and water masses
(1) OC01, Ch. 6.3, 6.4.
(2) K05, Ch. 2, 8(pp 163-183).
(3) Levitus, Warming the world ocean, Science, 2000.
(3) Levitus, Anthropogenic warming, Science, 2001.
(4) Thompson, Large discontinuity in observed temperature, Nature, 2008.
(5) Curry, Change in freshwater balance, Nature, 2003.
Levitus Climatology: a terrific web site that allows exploration of a world ocean climatology. Check your homework against this web page.
ARGO float data
3. Anthropogenic and biologically active tracers- Sophie Clayton
Lecture 4 - September 21st [pdf] [video]
Nonconservative tracers; Oxygen, Phosphate, AOU, Preformed Phosphate
Lecture 5 - September 23rd [pdf] [video]Transient and anthropogenic tracers; CFCs, tritium
(1) OC01, Ch. 6.5.
4. Air-Sea Interaction-Young-Oh Kwon
Lecture 8 - October 5th [ppt] [video]
a. Radiative Balance
b. Meridional Heat Transport - Ocean and Atmosphere
Lecture 9 - October 7th [ppt] [video]
c. Mechanisms of heat transport
d.Meridional Heat Transport by the ocean
Lecture 10 - October 12th [ppt] [video]e. Air-Sea flux climatologies and air-sea flux measurements
f. Observing and mapping heat fluxes at the ocean surface
Lecture 11 - October 14th [ppt] [video]g. Observing and mapping heat fluxes
h. The hydrologic cycle
(1) OC01, Ch. 1, 2.1, 2.2, 6.1, 6.2, 6.6.
(2) K05, Ch. 3.
5. Mid-term Exam - October 19th
Exam & Solutions [pdf]
6. Conservation Equations and Transport Processes of the Ocean Circulation - Fiamma Straneo
Lecture 13 - October 21st [ppt] [video]a. Conservation Equations - conservative/non-conservative tracers
b. Differential, Integral Form - conservation of mass, heat and salt
Lecture 14 - October 26th [ppt] [video]a. Conservation of salt
b. Transport Processes in the ocean: eddy/mean
c. Diffusion and Eddy Diffusivity
Lecture 15 - October 28th [ppt] [video]a. Stirring/Mixing
b. Advection and Diffusion
c. Eddy Diffusivities
d. Lagrangian instruments and tracers
e. Vertical/Horizontal Diffusivities
(1) OC01, 6.1, 6.2.
7. Momentum balances, geostrophy and the large scale circulation of the upper ocean - Fiamma Straneo
Lecture 16 - November 2nd [ppt] [video]
a. Equations of motion: F=ma
b. inertial/non-inertial reference frames
c. centrifugal and Coriolis accelerations
d. Impact of the Coriolis Force
Lecture 17 - November 4th [ppt] [video]e. The hydrostatic pressure field.
f. Geostrophy and thermal wind.
g. Barotropic and baroclinic phenomenon and reference level evaluation.
h. Dynamic height and circulation patterns inferred from geostrophy and hydrography.
Lecture 18- November 9th [ppt] [video]i. Geostrophy and thermal wind.
j. Dynamic Method
k. Steric Effect
l. Sea-Level Rise
8. Wind-driven Circulation - Fiamma Straneo
Lecture 19- November 16th [ppt] [video]
a. Wind Stress as a frictional term
b. Ekman Transport
c. Coastal Upwelling/Downwelling
Lecture 20- November 18th [ppt] [video]
d. Ekman divergence
e. Sverdrup Transport
f. wind-driven gyres
Lecture 21- November 30th [ppt] [video]
g. Wind-driven gyres and their boundary currents.
Lecture 22 - December 2nd [ppt] [video]
h. The Southern Ocean
i. Eastern boundary currents & other currents
(1) OC01, Ch. 2.1, 3.1, 4.
9. Project final presentation - November 23rd
10. Reserve/Review/Special topic - December 7th
11. End of Term Exam - December 9th