Basics (Fall, 2008):
Professor: Ken Brink
508 289 2535
Tuesdays: 10.30-12.00 MRF (WHOI: no link to MIT)
Thursdays: 2.30-4.00 Clark 271 (MIT: 9-152)
Thursday, Sept. 4
Tuesday, December 9
Tuesday, October 14 (Columbus Day)(?)
Tuesday, November 11 (Veteran's Day)
Thursday, November 27 (Thanksgiving)
No formal textbook will be assigned. During the semester, reading assignments from the primary literature or in the form of review papers will be given.
A few books are useful for general reference, including:
Gill, A.E., 1982: Atmosphere-Ocean Dynamics. Academic Press. (A really good introduction to a number of topics. Now somewhat dated, but very clear on what it does cover).
Brink, K.H., and A.R. Robinson (eds.), 1998: The Sea, volume 10. The Global Coastal Ocean Processes and Methods. John Wiley & Sons. (A collection of process-oriented review papers on a variety of coastal oceanographic topics, mainly physical).
Robinson, A.R., and K.H. Brink (eds.), 1998: The Sea, volume 11. The Global Coastal Ocean Regional Studies and Syntheses. John Wiley & Sons. (A collection of geographically based review papers together covering the physical oceanography of almost all of the world's coastal ocean).
Robinson, A.R., and K.H. Brink (eds.), 2005: The Sea, volume 13. The Global Coastal Ocean Multiscale Interdisciplinary Processes. Harvard University Press. (A collection of process-oriented review papers, primarily on non-physical topics).
Key concepts: what makes the coastal ocean different?
- “surf zone physics”: importance of radiation stress
- Tides have large amplitude
- Boundary layers occupy a large part of the water column, and diabatic processes are often of lowest order importance
- A lateral wall blocks Ekman transport and leads to efficient wind driving
- One-way propagation of information (Coastal-trapped waves)
- Relative (compared to deep ocean) importance of linear physics
- Importance of buoyancy forcing
- Anisotropy, relative importance of the ‘weather” frequency band.
- Isolation (apparently) from open ocean flow patterns. But?????
- High biological activity
A rough syllabus (for 26 classes):
Introduction to the coastal ocean: run through data-based examples of the above attributes. Generalized Taylor-Proudman theorem, and discuss what can violate it (time dependence, inertia, etc.) (1 lecture).
Hydrostatic Waves in the coastal ocean (unforced, undamped) (3 lectures)
Tides (5 lectures):
Wind forcing (3 classes):
Interlude: some concepts in observational oceanography (2 lectures)
Wave forcing in the surf zone. (1 class)
Student lectures (1 class). Wind driving
Buoyancy forcing (4 classes)
Student lectures (1 class). Buoyancy effectsMysteries in coastal oceanography (time available, pick topics by student interest).