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Research Highlights

Geology & Geophysics Dept.

September 3, 2014

WHOI Scientists Receive $1 Million Grant from MacArthur Foundation

Project will develop science-based climate change adaptation solutions for coastal communities

SOURCE: News Release
February 13, 2014

Mysterious Jellyfish Makes a Comeback

Rise in toxic stings has scientists on the alert

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
December 30, 2013

Lush Life, Deep Down

Thriving biodiversity discovered under the seafloor

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
December 23, 2013

WHOI Scientists Garner Awards in 2013

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
November 15, 2013

What Doomed the Stromatolites?

Scientists find key clue to an ancient enigma

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
October 4, 2013

A Quest For Resilient Reefs

Corals are threatened by the ocean's changing chemistry

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
September 19, 2013

The Harshest Habitats on Earth

Life blooms in Deep Hypersaline Anoxic Basins

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
September 5, 2013

An Ocean Instrument Is Born

Meet SID: the Submersible Incubation Device

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
May 19, 2013

Scientists Explore Roots of Future Tropical Rainfall

Analysis of the Last Glacial Maximum sheds light on climate models' ability to simulate tropical climate change

SOURCE: News Release
May 6, 2013

The Black Sea is a Goldmine of Ancient Genetic Data

New Study Reconstructs the Past Ocean 'Paleome'

SOURCE: News Release
March 1, 2013

Fungi Flourish Below the Seafloor

Searching for life in the deep sea, scientists find surprises

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
February 22, 2013

The Synergy Project, Part II

More videos on collaborations among artists and scientists

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
February 15, 2013

The Synergy Project

A co-laboratory experiment among scientists and artists

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
 Seismic Studies Capture Whale Calls
February 8, 2013

Seismic Studies Capture Whale Calls

New software could reveal songs amid the sounds

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Storms
November 1, 2012

Storms, Floods, and Droughts

The cycle that transports water around the Earth is intensifying

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
September 28, 2012

New Weather-Shifting Climate Cycle Revealed

You know El Niño—now meet the Pacific Centennial Oscillation

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
September 20, 2012

Deep-sea Detectives

Follow the trail to unravel a seafloor mystery

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
September 14, 2012

Deep-sea Vents Yield New Species

Scientists explore the Mid-Cayman Rise in the Caribbean

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
September 6, 2012

Follow the Carbon

WHOI scientists provide baseline measurements of carbon in the Arctic Ocean

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
August 31, 2012

Mentors for Budding Scientists

Young students get a taste of research at WHOI

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
August 24, 2012

Climate Change Spurred Fall of Ancient Culture

Weakening monsoons in India affected plants and people

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
July 5, 2012

A Serendipitous Seafloor Sample

Photo slideshow: How a pillow was transformed into a table

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
May 9, 2012

In Search of the Pink and White Terraces

WHOI vehicles help find landmarks lost in 1886 eruption

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
March 15, 2012

To Catch a Hurricane

Makeshift devices collect sand transported by storm

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
March 9, 2012

Lessons from the 2011 Japan Quake

What have scientists learned about its cause and consequences?

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
December 19, 2011

The Scientist Who Stays Out in the Cold

MIT/WHOI graduate student studies ice in a warming world

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
September 29, 2011

Cape-Able Workers Build Deep-Sea Devices

WHOI scientist teams with local organization for the disabled

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
July 14, 2011

Of Predators, Prey, and Petroleum

Do microscopic marine animals help bacteria degrade oil?

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
June 2, 2011

All the Pretty Jellyfish

Video captures majestic migrations of Mastigias

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
March 30, 2011

Engineer Par Excellence: Donald Koelsch

A pioneer who helped revolutionize seagoing seismic instruments

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
May 21, 2010

Lessons from the Haiti Earthquake

Knowing how and where to rebuild can save lives

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
December 22, 2009

Should We Inject Carbon Dioxide into the Deep Ocean?

Study finds that some seafloor life may be harmed by high CO2 levels

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
December 4, 2009

Ocean Acidification: A Risky Shell Game

How will climate change affect the shells and skeletons of sea life?

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
November 20, 2009

The Promise and Perils of Seafloor Mining

Can minerals be extracted from the seafloor without environmental impacts?

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
October 22, 2009

Turning Carbon Dioxide Gas into Rock

Audio Slideshow: An MIT/WHOI student examines a fascinating natural process in Oman

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
October 2, 2009

The Hunt for Microbial 'Trojan Horses'

Should we beware of protists bearing pathogens?

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
August 14, 2009

Noah's Not-so-big Flood

New evidence rebuts controversial theory of Black Sea deluge

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
February 13, 2009

Hurricane Hunter

Graduate student uncovers long-buried record of past storms

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
December 5, 2008

A Tale of Two Oceans, and the Monsoons

Tiny seafloor shells could reveal big clues to the forces that generate monsoons

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
October 6, 2008

Invasion of the 'Alien Vomit'?

A video on a potentially growing threat: sea squirts

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
October 3, 2008

Are Sea Squirts Crowding Out Scallops?

Invasive species is found on key shellfish habitat: eelgrass

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
September 17, 2008

The Spiral Secret to Mammal Hearing

... and other recent research findings by WHOI scientists

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
August 14, 2008

Deeply Submerged Volcanoes Blow Their Tops

Telltale rocks reveal evidence of a phenomenon scientists thought was impossible

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
July 7, 2008

Crack! A Lake Atop Greenland Disappears

Water penetrates thick ice, lubricating the base of glaciers

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
July 1, 2008

Antarctic Andrea

Opportunity knocks for a MIT/WHOI graduate student to join a polar expedition

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
June 25, 2008

Earth, Wind, and Fire in Antarctica

Scientists unravel a story inscribed in lava and written by the wind

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
singh jaguar
April 15, 2008

Arctic Voyage Tests New Robots for Ice-covered Oceans

Putting untethered vehicles under the ice cap is one thing. Getting them back is another.

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
February 29, 2008

New System to Take Long Seafloor Cores Is Ready to Go

Tested at sea, the 'Long Corer' restores U.S. capacity to extract cores up to 45 meters (150 feet) long.

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Mark Behn
January 9, 2008

Earth's Moving Crust May Occasionally Stop

New Theoretical Model Suggests Plate Tectonics May Be On-Again, Off-Again Process

SOURCE: News Release
November 20, 2007

Plumbing the Plume That Created Samoa

A graduate student explores the magmatic origins of islands

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
September 14, 2007

New Wrinkles in the Fabric of the Seafloor

An overlooked seafloor feature may have a key role in the formation of new ocean crust

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
July 19, 2007

Summer Under Arctic Ice

A conversation with WHOI geophysicist Rob Reves-Sohn

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Fragmented Structure of Seafloor Faults May Dampen Effects of Earthquakes
July 12, 2007

Fragmented Structure of Seafloor Faults May Dampen Effects of Earthquakes

Studies of gravity fields suggest volcanism may smooth rough edges of tectonic plates

SOURCE: News Release
arctic map
June 21, 2007

Explorers to Use New Robotic Vehicles to Hunt for Life and Hydrothermal Vents on Arctic Seafloor

Researchers will probe the Gakkel Ridge during expedition that begins on July 1

SOURCE: News Release
May 23, 2007

WHOI Geologists Compile Longest Ever Record of Atlantic Hurricane Strikes

Reconstruction Reveals that El Ni?o and the West African Monsoon Have Strongly Influenced Intense Hurricane Frequency

SOURCE: News Release
May 4, 2007

Deep Ocean Waters Don't Run Still

Can “sticky” isotopes help us measure how water flows deep in the ocean?

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
April 20, 2007

The Lo-o-o-ng Core

The deeper you can sample the seafloor, the further back in time you can go

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
April 12, 2007

A Ridge Too Slow?

WHOI team collaborates on Chinese discovery expedition in Indian Ocean

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
April 5, 2007

Cell-sized Thermometers

Can the shells of microscopic organisms be used to measure past deep-ocean temperatures?

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
November 6, 2006

A Rare Glimpse Into the Ocean's Crust

Exploring rocks' magnetic signals, a WHOI graduate student reconstructs how the seafloor forms

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
October 11, 2006

Lessons from the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
HROV named Nereus
June 26, 2006

New Hybrid Deep-sea Vehicle Is Christened Nereus

Unique underwater vehicle is named in nationwide student contest

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
June 9, 2006

Into the 'Mouth of Hell'

A journey into the crater of an active volcano

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Augustine volcano
May 25, 2006

To Catch an Erupting Volcano

Rapid mobilization team springs into action

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Jian Lin interview
May 15, 2006

Worlds Apart, But United by the Oceans

A conversation with geophysicist Jian Lin

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
May 15, 2006

A 'Book' of Ancient Sumatran Tsunamis

Historic Chinese cruise brings back clues to old earthquakes and new vent sites

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
crater
March 24, 2006

One of the Greatest Volcanic Shows on Earth

Inside a crater, a scientist seeks clues to the formation of the vast Deccan Traps

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
xrf
February 28, 2006

Analyzing Ancient Sediments at Warp Speed

New X-ray fluorescence core scanner at Woods Hole reveals clues to Earth's past climate and history

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Sarah Das, assistant scientist, Department of Geology and Geophysics
December 15, 2005

Tracking an Ocean of Ice Atop Greenland

A conversation with geologist Sarah Das

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
September 27, 2005

Nafanua, Eel City, and the Crater of Death

A small but fast-growing volcano appears inside the crater of a mammoth underwater volcano off Samoa

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
July 11, 2005

The Once and Future Danube River Delta

Past changes in World Heritage site offer lessons for proposed river projects

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Hart Elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences
June 30, 2005

Hart Elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
June 21, 2005

Oceanographic Telecommuting

'Virtual' chief scientist directs a research cruise without leaving land

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Rhea Workman
May 18, 2005

Rambling Atop an Active Volcano

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
rapid response
May 2, 2005

Rapid Response

Scientists scramble for rare opportunity to catch an underwater volcanic eruption in action

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
What Could a Tsunami  Network Look Like in  the Future?
March 29, 2005

What Could a Tsunami Network Look Like in the Future?

WHOI engineers develop the next generation of ocean monitoring technologies

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
DART buoys
March 29, 2005

Throwing DART Buoys into the Ocean

Deep Ocean Assessment and Reporting of Tsunamis (DART) buoys are the foundation of warning network

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Building a Tsunami  Warning Network
March 29, 2005

Building a Tsunami Warning Network

Preparing for the next big wave is only partly about science

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
In the Tsunami?s Wake, New Knowledge About Earthquakes
March 29, 2005

In the Tsunami's Wake, New Knowledge About Earthquakes

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Tsunamis in the Caribbean?
March 25, 2005

Tsunamis in the Caribbean? It's Possible.

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Rising Sea Levels and Moving Shorelines
November 16, 2004

Rising Sea Levels and Moving Shorelines

New tools and techniques show promise for better predictions and decisions about coastline change

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Realizing the Dreams  of da Vinci and Verne
August 27, 2004

Realizing the Dreams of da Vinci and Verne

A diverse fleet of innovative deep-submergence vehicles heralds a new era of ocean exploration

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Unique Vehicles for a Unique Environment
August 23, 2004

A Unique Vehicle for a Unique Environment

New autonomous robots will pierce an ice-covered ocean and explore the Arctic abyss

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Ears in the Ocean
August 3, 2004

Ears in the Ocean

Hydrophones reveal a whole lot of previously undetected seafloor shaking going on

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Earthshaking Events
June 30, 2004

Earthshaking Events

New research on land and sea reinvigorates hopes of forecasting where earthquakes are likely to occur

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Peering into the Crystal Fabric of Rocks
June 22, 2004

Peering into the Crystal Fabric of Rocks

When you get right down to it, earthquakes and volcanoes have atomic-scale causes

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
The Earth's Complex Complexion
May 13, 2004

Earth's Complex Complexion

Expeditions to remote oceans expose new variations in ocean crust

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Unraveling the Tapestry of Ocean Crust
April 5, 2004

Unraveling the Tapestry of Ocean Crust

Scientists follow a trail of clues to reveal the magmatic trickles and bursts that create the seafloor

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Paving the seafloor?brick by brick
March 22, 2004

Paving the Seafloor—Brick by Brick

New vehicles and magnetic techniques reveal details of seafloor lava flows

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
How the Isthmus of Panama Put Ice in the Artic
March 22, 2004

How the Isthmus of Panama Put Ice in the Arctic

Drifting continents open and close gateways between oceans and shift Earth's climate

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Listening Closely to 'See' Into the Earth
March 5, 2004

Listening Closely to 'See' Into the Earth

A new national facility of cutting-edge seafloor seismographs probes Earth's interior

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Moving Earth and Heaven
February 23, 2004

Moving Earth and Heaven

Colliding continents, the rise of the Himalayas, and the birth of the monsoons

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
If Rocks Could Talk. . .
January 30, 2004

If Rocks Could Talk...

The ion microprobe extracts hidden clues about our planet's history and evolution

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
The Engine that Drives the Earth
January 30, 2004

The Engine that Drives the Earth

Peering into the mantle to reveal the inner working of our planet

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Conduits Into Earth's Inaccessible Interior
January 30, 2004

Conduits Into Earth's Inaccessible Interior

Hot plumes surfacing from deep within the planet bring up telltale chemical clues about the mantle.

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Emily Van Ark
August 1, 2003

Emily Van Ark

MIT/WHOI Joint Program, Geology and Geophysics

SOURCE: WHOI.edu
Fornari
October 19, 2001

Two WHOI Scientists Recognized with Endowed Positions

SOURCE: News Release
Seafloor to Surface to Satellite to Shore
January 1, 2000

Seafloor to Surface to Satellite to Shore

Moored buoys offer potential for continuous, real-time observations anywhere in the ocean

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Hitting the Hotspots
December 1, 1998

Hitting the Hotspots

New Studies Reveal Critical Interactions Between Hotspots and Mid-Ocean Ridges

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
The Cauldron Beneath the Seafloor
December 1, 1998

The Cauldron Beneath the Seafloor

Percolating Through Volcanic Subsurface Rocks, Seawater is Chemically Transformed into Hydrothermal Fluid

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
ALISS in Wonderland
December 1, 1998

ALISS in Wonderland

Imaging ambient light at deep-sea hydrothermal vents

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Ocean Seismic Network Seafloor Observatories
March 1, 1998

Ocean Seismic Network Seafloor Observatories

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Indian Ocean's Atlantis Bank Yields Deep-Earth Insight
March 1, 1998

Indian Ocean's Atlantis Bank Yields Deep-Earth Insight

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Mid-Atlantic Ridge Volcanic Processes
March 1, 1998

Mid-Atlantic Ridge Volcanic Processes

How Erupting Lava Forms Earth's Anatomy

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Exploring The Global Mid-Ocean Ridge
March 1, 1998

Exploring The Global Mid-Ocean Ridge

A Quarter-Century of Discovery

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
A Current Affair
January 1, 1998

A Current Affair

A New Seafloor Technique Measures Electrical Conductivity Deep Within the Earth

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Extreme Trapping
December 1, 1997

Extreme Trapping

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Monsoon Winds and Carbon Cycles in the Arabian Sea
December 1, 1997

Monsoon Winds and Carbon Cycles in the Arabian Sea

One of the most significant natural phenomena that influences the everday life of more than 60 percent of the world's population

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Ground-Truthing the Paleoclimate Record
December 1, 1997

Ground-Truthing the Paleoclimate Record

Sediment Trap Observations Aid Paeoceanographers

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Deploying the Rain Catchers
December 1, 1997

Deploying the Rain Catchers

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Catching the Rain: Sediment Trap Technology
December 1, 1997

Catching the Rain: Sediment Trap Technology

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
The Rain of Ocean Particles and Earth?s Carbon Cycle
December 1, 1997

The Rain of Ocean Particles and Earth's Carbon Cycle

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
Marine Snow and Fecal Pellets: The Spring Rain of Food to the Abyss
December 1, 1997

Marine Snow and Fecal Pellets

The Spring Rain and Food to the Abyss

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
The Magnetic Thickness Of A Recent Submarine Lava Flow
March 1, 1997

The Magnetic Thickness Of A Recent Submarine Lava Flow

Data Collected by Autonomous Underwater Vehicle

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine
 Several Centuries of Data
December 1, 1996

Sedimentary Record Yields Several Centuries of Data

The Little Ice Age and Medieval Warm Period in the Sargasso Sea

SOURCE: Oceanus magazine