Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Sarah B. Das

»Antarctic meltwater flux, GRL, 2013
»Tropical Pacific influence on W. Antarctic marine aerosols, J. Climate, 2013
»Thwaites Glacier, Antarctica accumulation, GRL, 2013
»ACCMIP multi-model global nitrogen and sulfur deposition dataset, ACP, 2013
»Influence of ice sheet geometry and supraglacial lakes on seasonal ice flow, TC, 2013
»Greenland Iron Export, Nature Geosc, 2013
»Greenland Organic Carbon Export, GCA, 2013
»Amundsen Coast Sea Ice and Polynya Variability, JGR, 2013
»Ice Core 10Be Records, EPSL, 2012
»Antarctic Ice Sheet Surface Melting, JGR, 2012
»Greenland discharge isotope mixing model, J. Glac., 2011
»Future Science Opportunities in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean, NRC Report, 2011
»Greenland Ice Sheet DOM, GCA, 2010
»Ice Sheet Hydrofracture and Water-transport Model, GRL, 2009
»Greenland Supraglacial Lake Drainage, Science, 2008
»Greenland Seasonal Speedup, Science, 2008
»West Antarctica Holocene Climate, JGR, 2008
»Greenland Accumulation, J. Climate, 2006
»Melt Layer Formation, J. Glac, 2005
»Whillans Ice Stream Deceleration, GRL, 2005
»Siple Dome Temperature Variability, Annals Glac., 2002
»Patagonian Icefield SAR, JGR, 1996

Bhatia, M.P., E.B. Kujawinski, S.B.Das, C.F. Breier, P. Henderson, and M.A. Charette, Greenland meltwater as a significant and potentially bioavailable source of iron to the ocean, Nature Geoscience, 2013, DOI: 10.1038/NGEO1746

The micronutrient iron is thought to limit primary productivity in large regions of the global ocean. Ice sheets and glaciers have been shown to deliver bioavailable iron to the coastal and open ocean in the form of sediment released from the base of icebergs and glacially derived dust. More direct measurements from glacial runoff are limited, but iron concentrations are thought to be in the nanomolar range. Here we present measurements of dissolved and particulate iron concentrations in glacial meltwater from the southwest margin of the Greenland ice sheet. We report micromolar concentrations of dissolved and particulate iron. Particulate iron concentrations were on average an order of magnitude higher than those of dissolved iron, and around 50% of this particulate iron was deemed to be potentially bioavailable, on the basis of experimental leaching. If our observations are scalable to the entire ice sheet, then the annual flux of dissolved and potentially bioavailable particulate iron to the North Atlantic Ocean would be approximately 0.3 Tg. This is comparable to dust-derived soluble iron inputs to the North Atlantic.We suggest that glacial runoff serves as a significant source of bioavailable iron to surrounding coastal oceans, which is likely to increase as melting of the Greenland ice sheet escalates under climate warming.

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