Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Juan Pablo Canales

»41. R2K Advances in Seismic Imaging
Oceanography, 2012

»40. R2K Seismic Studies
Oceanography, 2012

»39. Melt bodies off the EPR
Nature Geoscience, 2012

»38. JdF Plate: Gravity structure
G-cubed, 2011

»37. JdF Plate: Layer 2B structure
G-cubed, 2011

»36. Kane waveform tomography
GRL, 2010

»35. Kane Oceanic Core Complex
G-cubed, 2009

»34. Geophysical signatures of oceanic core complexes
GJI, 2009

»33. Accretion of the lower crust
Nature, 2009

»32. Faulting of the Juan de Fuca plate
EPSL, 2009

»31. Axial topography os the Galapagos Spreading Center
G-cubed, 2008

»30. Juan de Fuca Ridge flanks
G-cubed, 2008

»29. Seismic structure of oceanic core complexes
G-cubed, 2008

»28. Juan de Fuca Ridge: structure and hotspots
G-cubed, 2008

»27. Structure of the TAG segment, Mid-Atlantic Ridge
G-cubed, 2007

»26. Detachment faulting at TAG, Mid-Atlantic Ridge
Geology, 2007

»25. Structure of the Endeavour segment, Juan de Fuca Ridge
JGR, 2007

»24. Magma beneath Lucky Strike Hydrothermal Field
Nature, 2006

»23. Magma chamber of the Cleft segment, Juan de Fuca Ridge
EPSL, 2006

»22. Topography and magmatism at the Juan de Fuca Ridge
Geology, 2006

»21. Structure of the southern Juan de Fuca Ridge
JGR, 2005

»20. Sub-crustal magma lenses
Nature, 2005

»19. Constructing the crust at the Galapagos Spreading Center
JGR, 2004

»18. Atlantis core complex
EPSL, 2004

»17. Morphology of the Galapagos Spreading Center
G-cubed, 2003

»16. Crustal structure of the East Pacific Rise
GJI, 2003

»15. Plume-ridge interaction along the Galapagos Spreading Center
G-cubed, 2002

»14. Compensation of the Galapagos swell
EPSL, 2002

»13. Structure of Tenerife, Canary Islands
JVGR, 2000

»12. Underplating in the Canary Islands
JVGR, 2000

»11. Structure of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MARK, 23?20'N)
JGR, 2000

»10. Structure of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (35?N)
JGR, 2000

»9. Structure of Gran Canaria, Canary Islands
J. Geodyn., 1999

»8. Structure of overlapping spreading centers in the MELT area
GRL, 1998

»7. Crustal thickness in the MELT area
Science, 1998

»6. The MELT experiment
Science, 1998

»5. The Canary Islands swell
GJI, 1998

»4. Morphology of the Galapagos Spreading Center
JGR, 1997

»3. Faulting of slow-spreading oceanic crust
Geology, 1997

»2. Flexure beneath Tenerife, Canary Islands
EPSL, 1997
»1. Elastic thickness in the Canary Islands
GRL, 1994


Watts, A.B., C. Pierce, J. Collier, R. Dalwood, J.P. Canales and T.J. Henstock, A seismic study in Tenerife, Canary Islands: implications for volcano growth, lithospheric flexure and magmatic underplating, Earth Planet Sci. Lett, 146, 431-447, 1997



Seismic data have been used to determine the crustal and upper mantle structure of Tenerife, Canary Islands, a volcanic island of Tertiary age located on > 140 Ma oceanic crust. Reflection data show that oceanic basement dips gently towards the island, forming a flexural moat which is infilled by 2?3 km of well stratified material. The moat is characterised by a major angular unconformity, which we attribute to volcanic loading of pre-existing oceanic crust and overlying sediments and the subsequent infilling of the flexure by material that was derived, at least in part, from the islands. Refraction data show that the flexed oceanic crust has a mean thickness of 6.41 ? 0.42 km and upper and lower crustal velocities of 4.8?5.4 km s-1 and 6.7?7.3 km s-1 respectively. The flexure, which has been verified by gravity modelling, can be explained by a model in which Tenerife and adjacent islands have loaded a lithosphere with a long-term (> 106 yr) elastic thickness of approximately 20 km. Seismic and gravity data suggest that up to 1.5 ? 105 km3 of magmatic material has been added to the surface of the flexed oceanic crust which, assuming an age of 6?16 Ma for the shield building stage on Tenerife, implies a magma generation rate of about 0.006 to 0.02 km3 a-1. This rate is similar to estimates from other African oceanic islands (e.g., Reunion and Cape Verdes), but is significantly less than that which has been calculated at Hawaii. There is no evidence in either the seismic or gravity data that any significant amount of magmatic material has "underplated" the flexed oceanic crust. The crustal and upper mantle structure at Tenerife therefore differs from other oceanic islands such as Hawaii and Marquesas where > 4 km of underplated material have been reported.

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