Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Marco Coolen

»Bioavailability of soil organic matter and microbial community dynamics upon permafrost thaw
»7000 years of virus-host molecular dynamics in the Black Sea
»Preservation potential of ancient DNA in Pleistocene marine sediments: Implications for paleoenvironmental reconstructions
»Source-specific variability in post-depositional DNA preservation with potential implications for DNA-based paleecological records
»Exploring preserved ancient dinoflagellalte and haptophyte DNA signatures to infer ecological and environmental conditions during sapropel S1 formation in the eastern Mediterranean
»Ancient DNA in lake sediment records
»Vertical distribution of metabolically active eukaryotes in the water column and sediments of the Black Sea
»DNA and lipid molecular stratigraphic records of haptophyte succession in the Black Sea during the Holocene
»Diversity of Archaea and potential for crenarchaeotal nitrification of group 1.1a in the rivers Rhine and TĂȘt
»Holocene sources of fossil BHPs
»An unusual 17[α],21[β](H)-bacteriohopanetetrol in Holocene sediments from Ace Lake (Antarctica)
»Holocene sources of organic matter in Antarctic fjord
»Variations in spatial and temporal distribution of Archaea in the North Sea
»Archaeal nitrifiers in the Black Sea
»Pleistocene Mediterranean sapropel DNA
»Rapid sulfurisation of highly branched isoprenoid (HBI) alkenes in sulfidic Holocene sediments
»Aerobic and anaerobic methanotrophs in the Black Sea water column
»Fossil DNA in Cretaceous Black Shales: Myth or Reality?
»Sulfur and methane cycling during the Holocene in Ace Lake (Antarctica)
»Ancient algal DNA in the Black Sea
»Archaeal nitrification in the ocean
»Characterization of microbial communities found in the human vagina by analysis of terminal restriction fragment length polymorphisms of 16S rRNA genes
»Biomarker and 16S rDNA evidence for anaerobic oxidation of methane and related carbonate precipitation in deep-sea mud volcanoes of the Sorokin Trough, Black Sea
»Temperature-dependent variation in the distribution of tetraether membrane lipids of marine Crenarchaeota: Implications for TEX86 paleothermometry
»Paleoecology of algae in Ace Lake
»Evolution of the methane cycle in Ace Lake (Antarctica) during the Holocene: Response of methanogens and methanotrophs to environmental change
»Ongoing modification of Mediterranean Pleistocene sapropels mediated by prokaryotes.
»Microbial communities in the chemocline of a hypersaline deep-sea basin (Urania basin, Mediterranean Sea)
»Functional exoenzymes as indicators of metabolically active bacteria in 124,000-year-old sapropel layers of the Eastern Mediterranean Sea
»Specific detection of different phylogenetic groups of chemocline bacteria based on PCR and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis of 16S rRNA gene fragments
»Analysis of subfossil molecular remains of purple sulfur bacteria in a lake sediment
»Effects of nitrate availability and the presence of Glyceria maxima the composition and activity of the dissimilatory nitrate-reducing bacterial community
»Microbial activities and populations in upper sediment and sapropel layers

Overmann, J., M. J. L. Coolen and C. Tuschak, Specific detection of different phylogenetic groups of chemocline bacteria based on PCR and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis of 16S rRNA gene fragments, Arch. Microbiol., 172(2), 83-94, 1999

Specific amplification of 16S rRNA gene fragments in combination with denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) was used to generate fingerprints of Chromatiaceae, green sulfur bacteria, Desulfovibrionaceae, and beta-Proteobacteria. Sequencing of the gene fragments confirmed that each primer pair was highly specific for the respective phylogenetic group. Applying the new primer sets, the bacterial diversity in the chemoclines of a eutrophic freshwater lake, a saline meromictic lake, and a laminated marine sediment was investigated. Compared to a conventional bacterial primer pair, a higher number of discrete DGGE bands was generated using our specific primer pairs. With one exception, all 15 bands tested yielded reliable 16S rRNA gene sequences. The highest diversity was found within the chemocline microbial community of the eutrophic freshwater lake. Sequence comparison revealed that the six sequences of Chromatiaceae and green sulfur bacteria detected in this habitat all represent distinct and previously unknown phylotypes. The lowest diversity of phylotypes was detected in the chemocline of the meromictic saline lake, which yielded only one sequence each of the Chromatiaceae, beta-2-Proteobacteria, and Desulfovibrionaceae, and no sequences of green sulfur bacteria. The newly developed primer sets are useful for the detection of previously unknown phylotypes, for the comparison of the microbial diversity between different natural habitats, and especially for the rapid monitoring of enrichments of unknown bacterial species. Full text of article is available here.

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