Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Tristan J. Horner

»Analysis of high-precision V isotope ratios by MR MC-ICP-MS
»Ba-isotopic fractionation in seawater mediated by barite cycling and oceanic circulation
»Persistence of deeply sourced iron in the Pacific Ocean
»Cd-isotopic evidence for increasing primary productivity during the Late Permian anoxic event
»Constraints on the vital effect in coccolithophore and dinoflagellate calcite by oxygen isotopic modification of seawater
»Cadmium isotope variations in the Southern Ocean
»Nonspecific uptake and homeostasis drive the oceanic cadmium cycle
»A common reference material for cadmium isotope studies - NIST SRM 3108 Cd
»Isotopic fractionation of cadmium into calcite
»Natural and Anthropogenic Cd Isotope Variations
»Ferromanganese crusts as archives of deep water Cd isotope compositions

Nielsen, S.G., J.D. Owens, and T.J. Horner, Analysis of high-precision vanadium isotope ratios by medium resolution MC-ICP-MS, J. Anal. At. Spectrom., in press


We present and verify a new method to measure vanadium isotope ratios using a Thermo Scientific Neptune multi-collector inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometer (MC-ICP-MS) operated in medium mass resolution mode. We collect masses 48 through 53 simultaneously using the L2, L1, Center, H1, H2 and H3 collectors. The Center cup is equipped with a 1012 Ω resistor, H1 is equipped with a 1010 Ω resistor, while the rest of the collectors have standard 1011 Ω resistors. Unlike previous low-resolution methods, the use of medium mass resolution (ΔM/M ~ 4000) permits separation of V, Ti and Cr isotopes from all interfering molecular species representing combinations of C, N, O, S, Cl, and Ar. We show that the external reproducibility follows a power law function with respect to the number of V+ ions collected and achieve an external reproducibility of ± 0.15 ‰ with total V+ ion beam intensities of ∼1 nA. The separation of interfering molecular species from the V mass spectrum reduces the V requirement for precise isotope data to as little as 200–300 ng V per analysis—a reduction of ∼ 90 % compared with previous methods—making several low-V matrices amenable to V isotope analysis.

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