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New peer-reviewed papers

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Dec 19, 2014 10:09 AM
Lessons learned from ocean acidification research
Reflection on the rapidly growing field of ocean acidification research highlights priorities for future research on the changing ocean. Riebesell U. & Gattuso J.-P., 2015. Lessons learned from ocean acidification research. Nature Climate Change 5:12-14. Article (subscription required).Filed under: Science

Dec 19, 2014 3:53 AM
Nitrate limitation and ocean acidification interact with UV-B to reduce photosynthetic performance in the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum
It has been proposed that ocean acidification (OA) will interact with other environmental factors to influence the overall impact of global change on biological systems. Accordingly we investigated the influence of nitrogen limitation and OA on the physiology of diatoms by growing the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum Bohlin under elevated (1000 μatm, HC) or ambient (390 […]

Dec 18, 2014 4:37 AM
Preface: Field investigation of ocean acidification effects in northwest European seas
The pH of the ocean is being lowered by its uptake of anthropogenic atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2), produced as a result of combustion of fossil fuels and land use changes. This acidification is especially pronounced in the surface ocean, where the loadings of anthropogenic CO2 are greatest because of the direct contact with the atmosphere. […]

Dec 18, 2014 4:16 AM
CO2 and nutrient-driven changes across multiple levels of organization in Zostera noltii ecosystems (update)
Increasing evidence emphasizes that the effects of human impacts on ecosystems must be investigated using designs that incorporate the responses across levels of biological organization as well as the effects of multiple stressors. Here we implemented a mesocosm experiment to investigate how the individual and interactive effects of CO2 enrichment and eutrophication scale-up from changes […]

Dec 18, 2014 3:48 AM
Bacteriostatic suppression in Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus) exposed to manganese or hypoxia under pressure of ocean acidification
Future ocean acidification (OA) and warming following climate change elicit pervasive stressors to the inhabitants of the sea. Previous experimental exposure to OA for 16 weeks at pH levels predicted for 2100, has shown to result in serious immune suppression of the Norway lobster, Nephrops norvegicus. The lobsters are currently affected by stressors such as […]

Dec 17, 2014 8:55 AM
OA-ICC December calendar: 17/12- “OA research know-how”
Count down the days until 2015 together with the OA-ICC! Each day of December you will find a short story on the OA-ICC news stream highlighting an ocean acidification project, effort, or resource. Discover today’s story below: “OA research know-how”. Guide to Best Practices for Ocean Acidification Research and Data Reporting  In response to the […]

Dec 17, 2014 5:39 AM
Saturation-state sensitivity of marine bivalve larvae to ocean acidification
Ocean acidification results in co-varying inorganic carbon system variables. Of these, an explicit focus on pH and organismal acid–base regulation has failed to distinguish the mechanism of failure in highly sensitive bivalve larvae. With unique chemical manipulations of seawater we show definitively that larval shell development and growth are dependent on seawater saturation state, and […]

Dec 16, 2014 5:05 AM
Galápagos coral reef persistence after ENSO warming across an acidification gradient
Anthropogenic CO2 is causing warming and ocean acidification. Coral reefs are being severely impacted, yet confusion lingers regarding how reefs will respond to these stressors over this century. Since the 1982-83 El Niño-Southern Oscillation warming event, the persistence of reefs around the Galápagos Islands has differed across an acidification gradient. Reefs disappeared where pH < 8.0 and […]

Dec 16, 2014 4:16 AM
A review and meta-analysis of the effects of multiple abiotic stressors on marine embryos and larvae
Marine organisms are simultaneously exposed to anthropogenic stressors with likely interactive effects, including synergisms in which the combined effects of multiple stressors are greater than the sum of individual effects. Early life stages of marine organisms are potentially vulnerable to the stressors associated with global change, but identifying general patterns across studies, species and response […]

Dec 15, 2014 5:45 AM
The ocean carbon sink – impacts, vulnerabilities, and challenges
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is, next to water vapour, considered to be the most important natural greenhouse gas on Earth. Rapidly rising atmospheric CO2 concentrations caused by human actions such as fossil-fuel burning, land-use change or cement production over the past 250 years have given cause for concern that changes in Earth’s climate system may progress […]