Associate Scientist
Biology Department
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Tel: (508) 289-2742
Fax: (508) 457-2134


B.A.,University of Vermont, 1965

M.A.,University of California, Berkeley, 1971

Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, 1976

Research Assistant, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1965-1967

Research Associate, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1967-1969

Graduate Student, Department of Bacteriology and Immunology, University of California,

Berkeley, 1969-1976; Thesis Title: "Purification, developmental patterns and properties of some fresh water and marine cyanobacteria belonging to the orders Chamaesiphonales and Pleurocapsales."

Thesis Advisor:Roger Y. Stanier

Visiting Investigator, Pasteur Institute, Paris, France, 1972-1975

Visiting Investigator, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1975-1976

Postdoctoral Investigator, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1976-1978

Assistant Scientist, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1978-1982

Associate Scientist, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1982-present


    Elected Fellow of the American Academy of Microbiology, 2003
    Elected Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1994
    Member of the American Society for Microbiology
    Member of the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography
    Member of the Phycological Society of America


Remsen, C. C., S. W. Watson, J. B. Waterbury and H. G. Truper.  Fine structure of Ectothiorhodospira mobilis Pelsh.  J. Bact. 95: 2374-2392 (1968).

Watson, S. W. and J. B. Waterbury.  The Sterile Hot Brines of the Red Sea.  In:  E. T. Degens and D. A. Ross (eds.), Hot Brines and Recent Heavy Metal Deposits in he Red Sea.  Springer-Verlag, New York (1969).

Watson, S. W. and J. B. Waterbury.  Characteristics of two marine nitrite oxidizing bacteria, Nitrospina gracilis nov. gen. nov. sp. and Nitrococcus mobilis nov. gen. nov. sp.  Arch. Mikrobiol. 77: 203-230 (1971)

Rippka, R., J. Waterbury and G. Cohen-Bazire.  A cyanobacterium which lacks hylakoids.  Arch. Mikrobiol. 100: 419-436 (1974).

Krumbein, W. E., R. Rippka and J. B. Waterbury.  Schematische bakteriologische Gliederung der Cyanophyten im Vergleich zur phykologischen.  pp. 107-130.  In: W. E. Krumbein (ed.), Cyanobakterien - bakterien order Algen?  1.  Oldenburger Symposium uber Cyanobakterien, 1977 - Taxonomische Stellung und Okologie - SBN 3-8142-000-4 (1977).

Waterbury, J. and R. Y. Stanier.  Two unicellular cyanobacteria which reproduce by budding.  Arch. Mikrobiol. 115: 249-257 (1977).

Rippka, R. and J. B. Waterbury.  The synthesis of nitrogenase by non-heterocystous cyanobacteria.  FEMS.  Microbiology Letters 2: 83-86 (1977).

Waterbury, J. and R. Y. Stanier.  Patterns of growth and development in pleurocapsalean cyanobacteria.  Microbiol. Rev. 42: 2-44 (1978).

Waterbury, J. B., S. W. Watson, R. R. L. Guillard and L. E. Brand.  Widespread occurrence of a unicellular, marine, planktonic cyanobacterium.  Nature 277: 293-294 (1979).

Herdman, M., M. Janvier, J. B. Waterbury, R. Rippka, R. Y. Stanier and M. Mandel.  Deoxyribonucleic acid base composition of cyanobacteria.  J. Gen. Microbiol. 111: 63-71 (1979).

Rippka, R., J. Deruelles, J. B. Waterbury, M. Herdman and R. Y. Stanier.  Generic assignments, strain histories and properties of pure cultures of cyanobacteria.  J. Gen. Microbiol. 111: 1-61 (1979).

Waterbury, J. B.  Developmental patterns in Pleurocapsalean Cyanobacteria.  In:  . H. Parish (ed.), The Developmental Biology of Prokaryotes.  Blackwell Scientific Publications, Ltd. Oxford, pp. 203-226 (1979).

Rippka, R., J. B. Waterbury and R. Y. Stanier.  Isolation and purification of yanobacteria:  Some general principles.  In: M. P. Starr, H. Stolp, H. G. Truper, A. Balows and H. G. Schlegel (eds.), The Prokaryotes.  Springer Verlag, pp. 212-220 1981).

Rippka, R., J. B. Waterbury and R. Y. Stanier.  Provisional generic assignments for yanobacteria.  In: M. P. Starr, H. Stolp, H. G. Truper, A. Balows and H. G. Schlegel eds.), The Prokaryotes.  Springer Verlag, pp. 247-256 (1981).

Waterbury, J. B. and R. Y. Stanier.  Isolation and growth of cyanobacteria from marine and hypersaline environments.   In: M. P. Starr, H. Stolp, H. G. Truper, A. Balows and H. G. Schlegel (eds.), The Prokaryotes.  Springer Verlag, pp. 221-223 1981).

Watson, S. W., F. W. Valois and J. B. Waterbury.  The Family Nitrobacteraceae.  In: M. P. Starr, H. Stolp, H. G. Truper, A. Balows and H. G. Schlegel (eds.), The Prokaryotes.  Springer Verlag, pp. 1005-1002 (1981).

Cavanaugh, C. M., S. L. Gardiner, M. L. Jones, H. W. Jannasch and J. B. Waterbury.  Prokaryotic cells in the hydrothermal vent tube worm Riftia pachyptila ones: Possible chemoautotrophic symbionts.  Science 213: 340-342 (1981).

Nelson, D. C., J. B. Waterbury and H. W. Jannasch.  Nitrogen fixation and nitrate utilization by marine freshwater Beggiatoa.  Arch. Microbiol. 133: 172-177 (1982).

Waterbury, J. B., C. B. Calloway and R. D. Turner.  A cellulolytic nitrogen-fixing bacterium cultured from the gland of Deshayes in shipworms (Bivalvia: Teredinidae).  Science 221: 1401-1403 (1983).

Ong, L. J., A. N. Glazer and J. B. Waterbury.  An unusual phycoerythrin from a marine cyanobacterium.  Science 224: 80-83 (1984).

Cuhel, R. L. and J. B. Waterbury.  Biochemical composition and short term nutrient ncorporation patterns in a unicellualr marine cyanobacterium, Synechococcus WH 7803).  Limnol. Oceanogr. 29: 370-374 (1984).

Gibson, J., N. Pfennig and J. B. Waterbury.  Chloroherpeton thalassium gen. nov. et sp. nov., a non-filamentous, flexing and gliding green sulfur bacterium.  Arch. Microbiol. 138: 96-101 (1984).

Nelson, D. C., J. B. Waterbury and H. W. Jannasch.  DNA base compostion and genome size of the prokaryotic symbiont in Riftia pachyptila (Pogonophora).  FEMS Microbiol. Let. 24: 267-271 (1984).

Wood, M. A., P. K. Horan, K. Muirhead, D. A. Phinney, C. M. Yentsch and J. B. Waterbury.  Discrimination between pigment types of marine Synechococcus sp. by scanning spectroscopy, epifluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry.  Limnol. Oceanogr. 30: 1302-1315 (1985).

Waterbury, J. B., J. M. Willey, D. G. Franks, F. W. Valois and S. W. Watson.  A yanobacterium capable of swimming motility.  Science 230: 74-76 (1985).

Watson, S. W., E. Bock, F. W. Valois, J. B. Waterbury and U. Schlosser.  Nitrospira marina gen. nov., sp. nov.: a chemolithotrophic nitrite-oxidizing bacterium.  Arch. Microbiol. 144: 1-7 (1986).

Pichinoty, F., J. B. Waterbury, M. Mandel and J. Assellineau.  Bacillus gordonea sp. nov., Une Nouvelle Espèce Appartenant Au Second Groupe Morphologique, Dégradant Diverse Composés Aromatiques.  Ann. Inst. Pasteur/Microbiol. 137A: 65-78 (1986).

Waterbury, J. B., S. W. Watson, F. W. Valois and D. G. Franks.  Biologial and Ecological Characterization of the Marine Unicellular Cyanobacterium Synechococcus.  In: T. Platt and W. Li (eds.), Photosynthetic Picoplankton.  Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. Bull. 214: 71-120 (1986).

Willey, J. M., C. P. Greenberg and J. B. Waterbury.  Sodium-coupled motility in a swimming cyanobacterium.  J. Bacteriol. 169: 3429-3434 (1987).

Chisholm, S. W., R. J. Olson, E. R. Zettler, R. Goericke, J. B. Waterbury and N. Welschmeyer.  A novel free-living prochloropyte abundant in the oceanic euphotic one.  Nature 334: 340-343 (1988).

Waterbury, J. B. and J. M. Willey.  Isolation and growth of marine planktonic cyanobacteria.  Methods in Enzymology 167: 100-105 (1988).

Castenholz, R. and J. B. Waterbury.  Introduction to Cyanobacteria.  In: N. R. Krieg and J. G. Holt (eds.), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Vol. 3, pp. 1710-1728.  Williams and Wilkens (1989).

Waterbury, J. B.  The order Pleurocapsales.  In: N. R. Krieg and J. G. Holt (eds.), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Vol. 3, pp. 1746-1770.  Williams and Wilkens (1989).

Waterbury, J. B. and R. Rippka.  The order Chroococcales.  In: N. R. Krieg and J. B. Holt (eds.), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Vol. 3, pp. 1728-1746.  Williams and Wilkens (1989).

Willey, J. M. and J. B. Waterbury.  Chemotaxis toward nitrogenous compounds by swimming strains of marine Synechococcus.   Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 55: 1888-1894 (1989).

Distel, D. L., E. F. DeLong and J. B. Waterbury.  1991.  Phylogenetic haracterization and in situ localization of the bacterial symbiont of shipworms Teredinidae:  Bivalvia) using 16S rRNA sequence analysis and oligodeoxynucleotide probe hybridization.  Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57: 2376-2382.

Caron, D. A., E. L. Lim, G. Miceli, J. B. Waterbury and F. W. Valois.  Grazing of hroococcoid cyanobacteria in laboratory cultures and a coastal plankton ommunity:  relative importance of cyanobacterial and bacterial biomass to the diets of protozoa.  Mar. Biol. Prog. Ser. 76: 205-217. (1991).

Waterbury, J. B.  The Cyanobacteria:  Isolation, Purification and Identification.  In: A. Balows, M. Dworkin, H. G. Schlegel and H. Truper (eds.), The Prokaryotes 2nd Edition.  Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 2058-2078 (1991).

Chisholm, S. W., S. L. Frankel, R. Goericke, R. J. Olson, B. Palenik, J. B. Waterbury, L. West-Johnsrud and E. R. Zettler.  Prochlorococcus marinus nov. gen. nov. sp.:  An oxyphototrophic marine prokaryote containing divinyl chlorophyll a and b.  Archiv. Microbiol. 157: 297-300 (1992)

Waterbury, J. B. and F. W. Valois.  Resistance to co-occurring phages enables marine Synechococcus to co-exist with cyanophages abundant in seawater.  Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59: 3393-3399 (1993)

Gallager, S., D. Stoecker and J. B. Waterbury.  Efficient grazing and utilization of the marine cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. by larvae of the bivalve Mercenaria mercenaria.  Mar. Biol. 119: 251-259 (1994)

Dunlap, P. V., K. Kita-Tsukamoto, J. B. Waterbury and S. M. Callahan.  Isolation and characterization of a visibly luminous variant of Vibrio fischeri strain ES114 rom the sepiolid squid Euprymna scolopes.  Arch. Microbiol.  (1995)

Urbach, E., D. J. Scanlan, D. L. Distel, J. B. Waterbury and S. W. Chisholm. Rapid diversification of marine picophytoplankton with dissimilar light-harvesting structures inferred from sequences of Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus (Cyanobacteria).   J. Mol. Evol 46:188-201 (1998).

Zehr, J.P., J.B. Waterbury, P.J. Turner, J.Montoya, E.Omoregie G.F. Steward,A. Hansen and D.,M Karl. Uicellular cyanobacteria fis N2 in the subtropical North Pacific Ocean Nature 412:635-638. (2001).

Herdman,M.,R.W.Castenholz,I.Iteman,J.B.Waterbury and R.Rippka. The Cyanobacteria:Subsection 1 (Formerly Chroococcales Wettstein 1924,emend. Rippka,Deruelles,Waterbury,Herdman and Stanier 1979) In.D.R.Boone and R.W.Castenholz (eds.) Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology Springer New York pgs.493-514.(2001).

Rippka,R.,J.B.Waterbury,M.Herdman and R.W.Castonholz. The Cyanobacteria: Subsection 2 (Formerly  Pleurocapsales Geitler 1925,emend.Waterbury and Stanier 1978) pgs.514-539.(2001)

Lugomela,C.,B.Bergman and J.B.Waterbury.Cyanobacterial diversity and nitrogen fixation   in coastal areas around Zanzibar Tanzania. Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl.140,Algological Studies 103:.95-115(2001).

Webb, E. A., Moffett, J. W., and J. B. Waterbury. 2001. Iron Stress in Open Ocean Cyanobacteria (Synechococcus, Trichodesmium , and Crocosphaera): Identification of the IdiA protein. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:5444-5452 aem.asm.

Rocap,G.,D.Distel,J.B. Waterbury and S.Chisholm. Resolution of Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus ecotypes by using 16S-23S ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer sequences. Appl Environ Microbiol, 2002. 68(3): p. 1180-91. aem.asm.

Orcutt, K.M., U. Rasmussen,E.A. Webb, J.B. Waterbury, K. Gundersen, and B. Bergman. 2002. Characterization of Trichodesmium spp. by genetic techniques.  Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68:2236-3345.

Dyhrman, S. T., E.A. Webb, D.M. Anderson, J.W. Moffett and J.B. Waterbury. Cell specific detection of phosphate stress in Trichodesmium from
the Western North Atlantic. Limnol. Oceanogr. 47: 1832-1836. (2002).

Saito, M.A., J.W. Moffett, S. W. Chisholm, and J.B. Waterbury. Cobalt limitation and uptake in Prochlorococcus. Limnol. Oceanogr. 47: 1629-1636.

D. L. Distel , W. Morrill, N. MacLaren-Toussaint, D. Franks, and J. Waterbury.  Teredinibacter turnerae gen. nov., sp. nov., a dinitrogen-fixing, cellulolytic, endosymbiotic gamma-proteobacterium isolated from the gills of wood-boring molluscs (Bivalvia: Teredinidae)
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 52:2261-2269 (2002).  IJSEM 

Palenik,B., B. Brahamsha, F.W. Larimer, M. Land, L. Hauser, P. Chain, J. Lamerdin, W. Regala, E. E. Allen, J. McCarren, I. Paulsen, A. Dufresne,
F. Partensky, E. A. Webb &  J. B. Waterbury. The genome of a motile marine Synechoccus. Nature. 424:1037-1042. (2003)

Sullivan,M., J. B. Waterbury, S. W. Chisholm. Cyanophages infecting the oceanic cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus. Nature. 424: 1047-1051. (2003)



Waterbury, J. B., S. W. Watson, A. N. Glazer and L. J. Ong.  Phycoerythrins useful in fluorescent conjugates.  Patent No. 4,857,474, 15 August 1989.

Waterbury, J. B., C. B. Calloway and R. D. Turner.  Bacteria for cellulose digestion.  Patent No. 4,861,721, 29 August 1989.

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Last updated 10/03