Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Cruise Planning Synopsis


OC477

Ship

R/V Oceanus

Cruise Party

Don Anderson: Principal Investigator
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Redfield 3-32, MS#32 Woods Hole, Ma. USA 02543
+1 508 289 2351
danderson@whoi.edu

Bradford Butman: Principal Investigator
U.S. Geological Survey 384 Woods Hole Road Woods Hole, MA USA 02543-1598
+1 508 457 2212
bbutman@usgs.gov

Bruce Keafer: Chief Scientist
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Redfield 3-32, MS#32 Woods Hole, Ma. USA 02543
+1 508 289 2509
bkeafer@whoi.edu

Dennis McGillicuddy: Principal Investigator
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Bigelow 209A, MS#11 Woods Hole, Ma. USA 02543
+1 508 289 2683
mcgillic@whoi.edu
- added Bruce Keafer as Chief Scientist on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
- added Don Anderson as Principal Investigator on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
- added Bradford Butman as Principal Investigator on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
- added Dennis McGillicuddy as Principal Investigator on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith

Departure: Oct 24, 2011

Woods Hole

Arrival: Nov 4, 2011

Woods Hole

Operations Area

Gulf of Maine and the Bay of Fundy
- Gulf of Maine and the Bay of Fundy on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
Lat/Lon: 43° 30.0′ S / 68° 30.0′ W
- set lat to 43° 30.0′ S, set lon to 68° 30.0′ W on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
Depth Range: 10 (m) / 270 (m)
- set min to 10 (m), set max to 270 (m) on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
Will the vessel be operating within 200 NM of a foreign country? Canada
- Canada on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
Are visas or special travel documents required? no
- set to no on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith

Science Objectives

Alexandrium fundyense, commonly referred to as the New England red tide organism, is a Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB) species that can cause Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning (PSP) in US and Canadian waters. This species is the focus of a multi-investigator, multi-disciplinary, NOAA-funded research program (ECOHAB-GOMTOX) studying the dynamics of toxic A. fundyense blooms in the Gulf of Maine (GOM) and the Bay of Fundy. As part of its life cycle, benthic cysts germinate from surface sediments to produce toxic cells in the overlying waters. As the bloom develops, the cells undergo sexual reproduction that produce cysts which settle to the sediments completing the life cycle. A series of cyst collection cruises is one continuing element the ECOHAB research with seven successive years of cyst abundance data generated. Results from those cruises indicate that the inter-annual and inter-decadal bloom intensity is related to the variability in abundance of the underlying benthic cyst population observed during the preceding year.

Coupled biological/physical circulation models for the GOM rely on this cyst/cell relationship to provide both seasonal and synoptic forecasts of the bloom intensity. The cyst abundance from field observations provides the source population for initiation of the computer-simulated blooms and is a critical data input that enables forecasting skill each year. The primary objective of this cruise in Fall of 2011 (OC477) will be to collect cyst samples for continuation of the cyst data time series necessary for forecasting bloom intensity prior to and during the 2012 season and will begin a transition from the research program to operational bloom forecasting.
- Alexandrium fundyense, commonly referred to as the New England red tide organism, is a Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB) species that can cause Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning (PSP) in US and Canadian waters. This species is the focus of a multi-investigator, multi-disciplinary, NOAA-funded research program (ECOHAB-GOMTOX) studying the dynamics of toxic A. fundyense blooms in the Gulf of Maine (GOM) and the Bay of Fundy. As part of its life cycle, benthic cysts germinate from surface sediments to produce toxic cells in the overlying waters. As the bloom develops, the cells undergo sexual reproduction that produce cysts which settle to the sediments completing the life cycle. A series of cyst collection cruises is one continuing element the ECOHAB research with seven successive years of cyst abundance data generated. Results from those cruises indicate that the inter-annual and inter-decadal bloom intensity is related to the variability in abundance of the underlying benthic cyst population observed during the preceding year.

Coupled biological/physical circulation models for the GOM rely on this cyst/cell relationship to provide both seasonal and synoptic forecasts of the bloom intensity. The cyst abundance from field observations provides the source population for initiation of the computer-simulated blooms and is a critical data input that enables forecasting skill each year. The primary objective of this cruise in Fall of 2011 (OC477) will be to collect cyst samples for continuation of the cyst data time series necessary for forecasting bloom intensity prior to and during the 2012 season and will begin a transition from the research program to operational bloom forecasting.
on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith

Science Activities

Approximately 125 stations will be occupied in the area of operations that span from Mass Bay to the Bay of Fundy. At each station, undisturbed surface sediment samples will be collected using a hydraulically-damped Craib Corer deployed with the CTD winch. Cores will be sectioned onboard into 0-1cm and 1-3cm intervals. At 3 designated stations, multiple cores will be collected from the same location. Cyst samples will be processed onboard in the wetlab, preserved in formalin, then exchanged in cold methanol for later microscopic enumeration using a primulin staining technique. Phytoplankton samples will also be collected for HABs that might occur during the Fall period.
- Approximately 125 stations will be occupied in the area of operations that span from Mass Bay to the Bay of Fundy. At each station, undisturbed surface sediment samples will be collected using a hydraulically-damped Craib Corer deployed with the CTD winch. Cores will be sectioned onboard into 0-1cm and 1-3cm intervals. At 3 designated stations, multiple cores will be collected from the same location. Cyst samples will be processed onboard in the wetlab, preserved in formalin, then exchanged in cold methanol for later microscopic enumeration using a primulin staining technique. Phytoplankton samples will also be collected for HABs that might occur during the Fall period. on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith

Additional Info

Pre-cruise Planning Meeting: Visit WHOI
- Visit WHOI on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
Meeting Notes: anytime is fine--Just across the street in Redfield building.
- anytime is fine--Just across the street in Redfield building. on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
Media personnel on board: NA
- NA on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith

Stations:

Supporting documentation:

»OC477_Overboard_VanVeenGrab.doc
»OC477_OverboardingCraib.doc
»oc477_usgs_butman.docx
»OC477_station_planv2.png
- added OC477_Overboard_VanVeenGrab.doc on Sep 12, 2011 2:16 PM by Chad Smith
- added OC477_OverboardingCraib.doc on Sep 12, 2011 2:15 PM by Chad Smith
- added oc477_usgs_butman.docx on Sep 12, 2011 2:14 PM by Chad Smith
- added OC477_station_planv2.png on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith

Funding

Funding Agency: USGS
Grant or contract number: WHOI 48002103
Funding Agency: NOAA
Grant or contract number: to be assigned Sept 1

Scientific Instrumentation for R/V Oceanus


- added Craib Corer (2)
Van Veen (2)
USGS Slow Corer (2) if USGS participates
on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith

Shipboard Equipment

Bathymetry System 12 kHz,
Deionized Water System,
Fume Hood,
12 kHz Pinger for Wire Use,
ADCP 150 kHz,
ADCP 75 kHz
-added Deionized Water System on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
-added 12 kHz Pinger for Wire Use on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
-added Bathymetry System 12 kHz on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
-added ADCP 150 kHz on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
-added ADCP 75 kHz on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
-added Fume Hood on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith

Shipboard Communication

Basic Internet access via HiSeasNet
-added Basic Internet access via HiSeasNet on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith

CTD/Water Sampling

Seapoint STM turbidity sensor,
Wet Labs ECO-AFL fluorometer,
Wet Labs C*Star transmissometer (660nm wavelength),
911+ Rosette 24-position, 10-liter bottle Rosette with dual T/C sensors,
SBE43 oxygen sensor,
Biospherical underwater PAR (1000m depth limit) with reference Surface PAR
-added 911+ Rosette 24-position, 10-liter bottle Rosette with dual T/C sensors on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
-added Biospherical underwater PAR (1000m depth limit) with reference Surface PAR on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
-added SBE43 oxygen sensor on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
-added Seapoint STM turbidity sensor on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
-added Wet Labs C*Star transmissometer (660nm wavelength) on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
-added Wet Labs ECO-AFL fluorometer on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith

Critical CTD Sensors

10 liter bottles for suspended cyst collection near the bottom--need 24 total plus back-ups
- changed from 10 liter bottles for suspended cyst collection near the bottom--need 24 total plus back-ups to 30 liters bottles for suspended cyst collection near the bottle--need 6 total plus back-ups on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
- added 10 liter bottles for suspended cyst collection near the bottom--need 24 total plus back-ups on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith

CTD-Related Equipment

ECO/AFL and STM sensor (WHOI owned)
-added ECO/AFL and STM sensor on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith

MET Sensors

Barometric Pressure,
Wind speed and direction,
Air temperature,
Relative Humidity,
Precipitation,
Short Wave Solar Radiation
-added Air temperature on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
-added Barometric Pressure on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
-added Precipitation on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
-added Relative Humidity on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
-added Short Wave Solar Radiation on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
-added Wind speed and direction on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith

Sediment Sampling

Van Veen Grab
-added Van Veen Grab on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith

Sample Storage

Refrigerator 8.6 cu. ft.,
Freezer -70°C 3.2 cu. ft. ea.,
Chest Freezer (Household type) 0°F
-added Chest Freezer (Household type) 0°F on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
-added Freezer -70°C 3.2 cu. ft. ea. on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
-added Refrigerator 8.6 cu. ft. on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
Storage Notes: -70 C to be placed in the Wetlab
Reefer in the Main Lab
Chest freezer to be installed in Main Lab
- added -70 C to be placed in the Wetlab
Reefer in the Main Lab
Chest freezer to be installed in Main Lab
on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith

Navigation

Will you be using Long Base Line (LBL) navigation? no
- added no on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
How many nets? null
How many tansponders? null
Will you be using Doppler/GPS navigation? no
- added no on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith

Navigation

GPS
-added GPS on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
Navigation Notes:
- added on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith

Winches

CTD Winch with .322" Electro-mechanical wire,
Trawl Winch with 9/16th trawl wire
-added CTD Winch with .322" Electro-mechanical wire on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
-added Trawl Winch with 9/16th trawl wire on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
Winch Notes: USGS might participate on this cruise and will use either the A-Frame with trawl wire or the Crane to deploy a USGS Bothner slow corer.
- added USGS might participate on this cruise and will use either the A-Frame with trawl wire or the Crane to deploy a USGS Bothner slow corer. on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith

Wire use and application

CTD Winch with .322" Electro-mechanical wire,
Trawl Winch with 9/16th trawl wire
-added CTD Winch with .322" Electro-mechanical wire on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
-added Trawl Winch with 9/16th trawl wire on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
Wires Notes: Craib Corer will use the CTD winch and wire--no electrical connection needed; just mechanical
- added Craib Corer will use the CTD winch and wire--no electrical connection needed; just mechanical on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith

Standard Oceanographic Cables

Slip ring required? no Number of conductors: 
Non-standard wire required? no Type: 
Traction winch required? no Describe: 

Specialized Deck Equipment

Mooring Deployment/Recovery Equipment Required: no Type: 
Cruise Specific Science Winch Required: no Type: 
Nets Required: no Type: 

Over the Side Equipment

Will you be bringing any equipment (winches, blocks, etc.) that lowers instruments over the side? yes
Details:
Craib Corer (2)
Van Veen (2)
USGS Slow Corer (2) if USGS participates

Special Requirements

Elecrical Power: no Identify: 
Equipment Handling: no Identify: 
Inter/intraship Communications: no Identify: 
Science Stowage: no Identify: 
Water: no Identify: 

Additional Cruise Items/Activities

Explosive Devices:no
Portable Air Compressors:no
Flammable Gases:no
Small Boat Operations:no
SCUBA Diving Operations:no

Hazardous Material

Will hazardous material be utilized?yes
- added yes on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
Describe deployment method and quantity:
methanol - to be used in the hood area of wetlab
Formalin - to be used in the hood area of wetlab
- added methanol - to be used in the hood area of wetlab
Formalin - to be used in the hood area of wetlab
on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith

Radioactive Material

Radioiosotopes:no

Additional Information

Is night time work anticipated on this cruise?yes
- added yes on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
Specialized tech support (Seabeam, coring, other):
- added on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith
Other required equipment and special needs:
Wetlab will be used extensively to process sediment samples. Hood will be used. "Bridge" board will be installed over the pipes between hood and wetlab bulkhead.
- added Wetlab will be used extensively to process sediment samples. Hood will be used. "Bridge" board will be installed over the pipes between hood and wetlab bulkhead. on Sep 12, 2011 10:23 AM by Chad Smith

Checklist & Notes

Checklist

U.S. Customs Form: no
Diplomatic Clearance: no
Date Submitted:
Date Approved:
Agent Information:
Countries:
Notes:
Isotope Use Approval: no
Isotope Notes:
SCUBA Diving: no

Checklist

SSSG Tech: