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Marine Working Conditions

Essential Functions, Physical Capabilities/Requirements, and Working Conditions of all Marine Positions

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All marine positions have essential functions that personnel must be able to perform, minimum physical capacities and requirements that all personnel must meet, and working conditions that may be considered hazardous.

Essential Functions
  • Work at least 8 hours per day and, at times in excess of 12 hours per day, 7 days per week.
  • Work at sea for three to five months continuously.
  • Live and work in cramped quarters, frequently in bad weather and with violent ship motion.
  • Pass examinations for visual acuity, color sense, and hearing as established in Title 46 CFR Parts 10 and 12, and pass a physical evaluation as described in the enclosed Navigation and Vessel Inspection Articles 6-89.
  • Climb steep and vertical ladders, and enter and exit compartments through hatches, doors, and sills up to two feet high.
  • Participate in emergency drills and in launching lifeboats and life rafts.
  • Perform physical labor, climb and handle moderate weights and equipment over 50 pounds.


Physical Capabilities/Requirements

Physical Capability Example of Essential Function
Balance Work in confined and unstable areas.
Bend, kneel, squat Clean, maintain, and inspect equipment.
Climb Reach work areas, equipment and stores by ladder and stairs.
Crawl Crawl through bilge pockets, and under ladders and winch beds.
Feel Touch objects: where sight is limited.
Finger Manipulate nuts, bolts, tools, and cleaning gear.
Handle Handle equipment and stores with sure grip.
Hear, talk Communicate with people.
Lift, carry Load stores over 50 pounds.
Push, pull Move equipment over 50 pounds.
Reach Up, over, and under equipment and stores.
See Read labels, menus, logs, charts, and gauges in poor lighting.
Sit Operate crane, Avon, lifeboat, and life raft.
Stand Work on equipment.
Walk Perform rounds at sea.
Write Maintain logs.


Working Conditions

Work Condition Example of Hazardous Area/Duty
Confined areas Store rooms, engine spaces, and tanks
Potential allergens and irritants Fuels, solvents, cleaners, dust, fumes, smoke, and gases
Adverse weather On deck in rough seas during equipment maintenance
Extreme temperatures On deck in tropics and high latitudes; in engine room
Potential hazards Being at sea; slippery and uneven surfaces; moving parts and objects; climbing ladders; and working aloft
Noise Constant and loud engine room noise, blowers, exhaust fans
Schedule Protracted and irregular working hours
Vibrations Ship's engines and chipping hammer



Last updated: December 4, 2013
 


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