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Climate & Ocean

Epic Arctic Mission Ends

An epic mission ended as the German icebreaker Polarstern returned home Oct. 12, 2020, after being frozen near the top of the world for nearly a year to study all aspects of the Arctic system.

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WHOI-NOAA Partnership Tackles Critical Gap In Climate Knowledge

Markets Insider- Business Insider

Researchers at WHOI were awarded a $500,000 grant from the NOAA Climate Observations and Monitoring program to develop machine learning tools to improve estimates of air-sea heat exchange in the Arctic Ocean and adjacent seas.

Rising Tides: preparing for the future

Like many coastal communities, Woods Hole, located on Cape Cod, faces an uncertain future. Rising sea level and the potential for increased frequency and intensity of storms present significant long-term threats. Woods Hole is home to world-leading marine science institutions performing critical research from shore-based facilities that enable access to the sea and yet, ironically, are vulnerable to the same climate change impacts that are the subject of study.

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‘The Blob’: Low-oxygen water killing lobsters, fish in Cape Cod Bay.

Cape Cod Times

While it was valuable data for the team of marine fisheries scientists, the Center for Coastal Studies and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution that were trying to solve the mystery of The Blob, it also told fishermen when oxygen levels were low and it was time to move to another spot.

Mining ancient dust from the ocean’s loneliest spot

Sea Dust

Researchers investigate dust from the ocean’s farthest point from land to reconstruct the climactic history of the Southern Hemisphere, and understand how micronutrients have influenced biological productivity in this oceanic desert.

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Ocean Encounters: Hurricanes

Coastal cities lie at the intersection of many issues—ocean and climate, ecosystems and human infrastructure, and a rapidly growing population on a constantly changing landscape between land and sea. Our safety, economic security, and cultural growth depend on us learning how to live more wisely in this complex landscape. Sea-level rise and other fundamental changes are already reshaping coastal cities around the globe. Whether this evolution is incremental or, in the case of hurricanes, present dramatic and often wholesale change, we will need multidisciplinary, collaborative solutions, that focus on supporting communities through uncertain times.

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Antarctic ice loss expected to affect future climate change

In a new climate modeling study that looked at the impacts of accelerated ice melt from the Antarctic Ice Sheet (AIS) on future climate, a team of climate scientists reports that future ice-sheet melt is expected to have significant effects on global climate.

Experiments Reveal How Permafrost Carbon Becomes Carbon Dioxide

Eos - Earth and Space Science News

Permafrost has been frozen for far longer than humans have been on the planet. That’s a good thing because permafrost contains over a trillion metric tons of organic carbon deposited by generations of plants, and all that carbon remains locked up when it’s frozen. “But now, because of human activity, it’s starting to thaw,” said Collin P. Ward, an aquatic geochemist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Woods Hole, Mass. “The big concern here is what’s going to happen to all of that organic carbon.”