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2005 News Releases

Rerouting of Major Rivers in Asia Provides Clues to Mountains of the Past
December 23, 2005

Rerouting of Major Rivers in Asia Provides Clues to Mountains of the Past

Scientists use lab techniques and sediment cores from the ocean to help explain how rivers have changed course over millions of years.

December 19, 2005

WHOI Seeks to Raise $200 Million in Comprehensive Campaign

Campaign to seek sufficient funds to preserve the Institution's competitiveness, flexibility and leadership role is the largest WHOI has conducted.

Black Sea
December 12, 2005

Noah’s Flood: New Evidence of Catastrophic Flooding in the Black Sea

Results from a July 2005 cruise in the Black Sea may settle a longstanding debate over evidence of a megaflood in the Black Sea, the so-called “Noah’s Flood.”

Fine-tuning the Steps in the Intricate Climate Change Dance
December 7, 2005

Fine-tuning the Steps in the Intricate Climate Change Dance

New scientific findings are strengthening the case that rapid climate change may be related to how vigorously ocean currents move heat between low and high latitude.

December 5, 2005

New Technology for New Exploration of Hydrothermal Vents

Advances in undersea imaging systems, the development of new vehicles and instruments, and improved seafloor mapping capabilities have enabled scientists to explore areas of the deep sea in unprecedented detail.

Insight into Freshwater Input to the North Atlantic Ocean
December 1, 2005

Insight into Freshwater Input to the North Atlantic Ocean

The strongest climate cooling event in the last 10,000 years occurred about 8,200 years ago. Known as the 8.2 ka event, it was an abrupt release of freshwater to the ocean as the superlake Agassiz drained through Hudson Strait into the Labrador Sea.

WHOI Blog from AGU
December 1, 2005

WHOI Blog from AGU

Check the WHOI blog for news updates from the American Geophysical Union (AGU) fall meeting.

Jason II
December 1, 2005

Dual Vehicle Operations a Sign of the Future in Seafloor Exploration

Deploying two or more underwater vehicles from a single vessel makes better use of ship time and personnel, but requires specific technical capabilities and careful scheduling.

How Squid Swim: The Difference Between Theory and Observation
November 30, 2005

How Squid Swim: The Difference Between Theory and Observation

For years, some engineers believed squid likely propelled themselves through water by creating vortex rings, forcing fluid out of their pipe-shaped funnels to create smoke-ring-like structures. But the experience of WHOI researchers suggested otherwise, so they set up experiments to check the theories against observational evidence.

winsor float
November 30, 2005

Bouncing Among the Arctic Ice: The Ultimate Arctic Machine?

WHOI scientists exploring the largely unknown currents beneath the polar sea ice have designed and successfully tested a new float that drifts at various depths through the oceans measuring water temperature and salinity.

Deep-sea Light Post Transforms the Ocean Floor into a Photography Studio
November 30, 2005

Deep-sea Light Post Transforms the Ocean Floor into a Photography Studio

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution scientists (WHOI) and engineers have designed a portable deep-sea light post to illuminate the dark ocean floor.

October 26, 2005

WHOI Announces New Vice President for Academic Programs and Dean

Jim Yoder, a biological oceanographer well known in the oceanographic research community, will assume his new duties at WHOI November 28.

October 17, 2005

New Genetic Test Can Detect Clam Disease Crippling Shellfish Industry and Threatening Aquaculture Operations

A new genetic test can detect QPX, a deadly disease in clams and a threat to the shellfish industry.

September 30, 2005

Boston Globe, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Journalists To be Honored by WHOI

Three journalists will receive the 2005 Ocean Science Journalism Award from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) for excellence in communicating ocean science to the public

Marine Organisms Threatened By Increasingly Acidic Ocean
September 29, 2005

Marine Organisms Threatened By Increasingly Acidic Ocean

Corals and other marine organisms will find it hard to build shells if increasing carbon dioxide levels continue to change ocean chemistry, according to a new study.

September 28, 2005

WHOI Holds Commencement Ceremonies as Part of 75th Anniversary Celebration

Thirty-four degrees awarded to MIT/WHOI Joint Program graduates in special Woods Hole ceremony.

Alvin
September 1, 2005

Alvin Is Going to Pieces...Again

The Deep Submergence Vehicle Alvin will return home to Woods Hole in mid-October after two years and be taken apart right down to its titanium frame.

Studies at the Top of the World
September 1, 2005

Studies at the Top of the World

Two Institution scientists spent the past six weeks crossing the Arctic Ocean from Barrow, Alaska, to Svalbard, Norway, onboard the Swedish icebreaker Oden, which has been working with the U.S. Coast Guard icebreaker Healy to collect data about the stratigraphy of Arctic Ocean water masses, dominant physical and chemical processes, and response to change of Arctic Ocean waters, including the distribution of industrial chemicals.

R/V Knorr
September 1, 2005

A Trip for the Record Books

Research Vessel Knorr will pass another milestone in its long career when it reaches one million miles traveled for ocean science this month.

August 31, 2005

Freshwater and Saltwater Interactions in Coastal Groundwater Systems May Provide Clues to Chemicals Entering Coastal Waters

Scientists have recently recognized an imbalance in the flow of salty groundwater into the coastal ocean. The timing of that flow may be key to the health of coastal waters.

August 25, 2005

New Images Reveal Different Magma Pools Form the Ocean's Crust

For the first time, scientists have produced images of the ocean crust that begin to answer some lingering questions about where new crust comes from and whether it is all formed the same way.

August 16, 2005

Earth's Ability to Absorb Increased Carbon Emissions May Be Limited

The ability of the planet to absorb increased emissions of carbon dioxide is limited, according to a recent study using a new computer model of Earth's climate that takes into account the planet's carbon cycle.

Scientists Use New Methods to Track and Protect Threatened Species
August 14, 2005

Scientists Use New Methods to Track and Protect Threatened Species

Antibiotics and genetics help researchers track fish populations, and the results are both surprising and encouraging.

WHOI Scientists and Engineers Explore
July 29, 2005

WHOI Scientists and Engineers Explore "Lost City" in the Atlantic

WHOI biologist goes to sea in a new way, using technology first envisioned more than 15 years ago.

July 28, 2005

Astrobiology Exhibit Visits Woods Hole this Summer

Life on Earth and in the universe is the theme of a traveling exhibit on astrobiology at the WHOI Exhibit Center this summer.

July 22, 2005

Endangered North Atlantic Right Whale Study Says Population in Crisis

Ship strikes and entanglement in fishing gear threaten the survival of the remaining 350 North Atlantic right whales, and scientists say that unless emergency management actions are taken the population will face a catastrophic decline and become extinct.

July 15, 2005

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Celebrates 75th Anniversary in 2005

The public is invited to join in many of the 75th anniversary activities, which begin August 6 with an Anything- But-a-Boat Regatta.

Sea surface slicked with oil from the natural seeps off Santa Barbara.
July 1, 2005

A Natural Petroleum Spring

Bubbles stream from vents surrounding misshapen cones formed by thick liquid oozing from the sea floor.

After four to seven weeks, juvenile larvae settle along the shore and develop a hard white shell
July 1, 2005

Life in Extreme Environments

Scientists have long known of organisms adapted to environments that appear in hospitable to any form of life, living in the 600-700°F waters of hydrothermal vents on the sea floor, in pitch dark mine shafts a mile below ground, or clinging to the frigid underside of polar ice sheets.

mochness
July 1, 2005

The Internal Weather of the Sea

Currents, fronts and eddies, often called the internal weather of the sea, are major components of ocean circulation and can change the chemical and biological environment in the ocean.

June 22, 2005

Marine Task Force to Develop National Standards for Ocean Aquaculture Announced

Establishment of a Marine Aquaculture Task Force announced by WHOI and The Pew Charitable Trusts

freshwater_callout.jpg
June 16, 2005

How Much Excess Fresh Water Was Added to the North Atlantic in Recent Decades?

Continued Freshening of the North Atlantic Could Slow the Conveyor in the 21st Century

Scientists Map Ocean Floor Near Palmer Station in Antarctica
June 8, 2005

Scientists Map Ocean Floor Near Palmer Station in Antarctica

With inflatable boats and an underwater robot, a research team makes the first new chart of Antarctic waters in 50 years.

Red Tide
June 1, 2005

Blooms of a Different Sort

Commonly called "red tides," harmful algal blooms, or HABs, are an abundance or "bloom" of single-celled marine algae called phytoplankton that grow and multiply under the right conditions.

jellyfish
June 1, 2005

What is That in the Water?

As summer vacations approach, beachgoers might want to bring along a guide to what they and their children will see on the beach and in the water.

hurricanes
June 1, 2005

Hurricanes and the Coastal Zone

With hurricane season arriving June 1, along with predictions of an above normal number of major storms in the Atlantic and Gulf States, understanding how the ocean and atmospheric interact and what role changing climate has on the formation of hurricanes is critical.

May 31, 2005

G. Unger Vetlesen Foundation Honored by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Foundation presented the Cecil H. Green Award for outstanding contributions to oceanographic research at the Institution.

redtide_monitor_x.jpg
May 26, 2005

WHOI Scientists Monitor Largest Red Tide Outbreak in 12 Years in Massachusetts Bay

Faced with a "perfect storm" of red tide, WHOI scientists share data quickly with public health officials

May 25, 2005

New Underwater Volcano Found Near Samoa

An international team of scientists has discovered a new underwater volcano near Samoa, complete with its own "Eel City."

May 9, 2005

Scientists Find Unusual Use of Metals in the Ocean

Cadmium, commonly considered a toxic metal and often used in combination with nickel in batteries, has been found to have a biological use as a nutrient in the ocean, the first known biological use of cadmium in any life form.

WHOI Scientist Elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences
May 3, 2005

WHOI Scientist Elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences

Geologist and isotope geochemist Stan Hart is elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, one of the oldest learned societies in the country.

alvin
May 1, 2005

Exploring the Seas from Top to Bottom

WHOI research vessels are exploring the oceans this spring from Bermuda to the Bay of Fundy in the North Atlantic and from Mexico to the Galápagos Islands in the eastern Pacific, conducting studies related to climate change, harmful algal blooms, exotic marine life on the sea floor and the formation of the earth's crust.

tubeworms
May 1, 2005

Diving to the Rosebud Vents - Galápagos Rift

In 2002, researchers diving in the submersible Alvin returned to the Galápagos Rift, a mid-ocean ridge about 250 miles from the Galápagos Islands in the eastern Pacific Ocean where hydrothermal vents and exotic organisms were first found in 1977.

Tiny Computer Tag Provides Insight to Reclusive Beaked Whales
May 1, 2005

Tiny Computer Tag Provides Insight to Reclusive Beaked Whales

A miniature computer weighing less than 5 ounces attached to the backs of beaked whales with suction cups is providing new clues to the behavior and sounds made by the deep-diving reclusive species.

Salty Staircase in the Atlantic Provides Clues to Ocean Mixing
April 29, 2005

Salty Staircase in the Atlantic Provides Clues to Ocean Mixing

Although scientists have known about salt fingers since 1960, when they were discovered at WHOI, they have not understood their role in ocean mixing and the ability of the ocean to absorb heat, carbon dioxide and pollutants from the atmosphere. Results of a new experiment may change all that.

Sea Squirt Invasion: Scientists Gather at WHOI for First International Conference
April 20, 2005

Sea Squirt Invasion: Scientists Gather at WHOI for First International Conference

Scientists, natural resource managers and students from four continents will gather at WHOI April 21 and 22 to discuss a growing global problem: the sea squirt.

New Coral Dating Technique
April 15, 2005

New Coral Dating Technique Helps Resolve Changes in Sea Level Rise in the Past

Corals from Papua New Guinea and Barbados indicate that changes in sea level, one of the key indexes for global climate change, may have been more frequent in the past than previously thought.

WHOI Establishes Award to Recognize Contributions of Navy Admiral, Oceanographer
April 1, 2005

WHOI Establishes Award to Recognize Contributions of Navy Admiral, Oceanographer

A former Oceanographer of the Navy and Rear Admiral who headed Marine Operations at WHOI has been honored with the establishment of a fellowship, presented for the first time to an Navy student.

Earth
March 28, 2005

Changes in Earth's Tilt Control When Glacial Cycles End

Scientists have long debated what causes glacial cycles, which have occurred most recently at intervals of about 100,000 years. A new study finds that these glacial cycles are paced by variations in the tilt of Earth’s axis, and that glaciations end when Earth's tilt is large.

Underwater Robot Launched from Bermuda to Cross Gulf Stream
March 24, 2005

Underwater Robot Launched from Bermuda to Cross Gulf Stream

The remote-controlled Spray glider takes historic steps toward a new era of ocean exploration.

Deep-Sea Tremors May Provide Early Warning System for Larger Earthquakes
March 24, 2005

Deep-Sea Tremors May Provide Early Warning System for Larger Earthquakes

Predicting when large earthquakes might occur may be a step closer to reality, thanks to a new study of undersea earthquakes in the eastern Pacific Ocean.

elephant
March 24, 2005

Elephants Imitate Sounds as a Form of Social Communication

Elephants learn to imitate sounds that are not typical of their species, the first known example after humans of vocal learning in a non-primate terrestrial mammal.

Scanning the Seafloor
March 1, 2005

Scanning the Seafloor

WHOI researchers and colleagues from other laboratories will be able to look at mud from the seafloor in a new way, thanks to a high-tech scanner capable of making rapid, non-destructive, ultra-high-resolution analyses of sediment cores from the seafloor around the world.

Assessing Algerian Earthquake Risk
March 1, 2005

Assessing Algerian Earthquake Risk

Scientists from WHOI and USGS Menlo Park will be assessing future earthquake risk in Algeria and training Algerian researchers under a new two-year project funded by the Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).

mangroves
March 1, 2005

Barnacles and Mangroves

In a lush stand of mangroves on the Pacific coast of Panama, a Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) biologist is looking for encrusting barnacles and oysters, common on the roots of mangroves in one stand but nearly absent in a nearby mangrove area.

Duke, Woods Hole Geologists Discover 'Clockwork' Motion by Ocean Floor Microplates
February 24, 2005

Duke, Woods Hole Geologists Discover 'Clockwork' Motion by Ocean Floor Microplates

A team of geologists from Duke University and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution has discovered a grinding, coordinated ballet of crustal "microplates" unfolding below the equatorial east Pacific Ocean within a construction zone for new seafloor.

Chemical Compounds Found in Whale Blubber Are From Natural Sources, Not Industrial Contamination
February 10, 2005

Chemical Compounds Found in Whale Blubber Are From Natural Sources, Not Industrial Contamination

Whale blubber provides definitive clues to the source of chemical compounds found in humans and marine mammals, produced for industrial use but also naturally by plants and animals.

seafloor
January 13, 2005

Major Caribbean Earthquakes and Tsunamis a Real Risk

Major earthquakes have struck the Caribbean through history, and WHOI scientists warn this raises the possibility of a tsunami in the populous region

WHOI Scientist to Receive American Meteorological Society Award
January 7, 2005

WHOI Scientist to Receive American Meteorological Society Award

Joseph Pedlosky, a physical oceanographer known for his theories of wind driven ocean circulation and the fluid dynamics of the oceans will receive the 2005 Sverdrup Gold Medal from the American Meteorological Society (AMS).

Center for Ocean, Seafloor and Marine Observing Systems Established at WHOI
January 1, 2005

Center for Ocean, Seafloor and Marine Observing Systems Established at WHOI

With decades of experience designing, building and operating marine observing systems of many types around the world, the Institution has established a Center for Ocean, Seafloor and Marine Observing Systems (COSMOS) to provide administrative, management and systems engineering oversight of large observatory and observing systems projects underway at WHOI.

A tsunami warning buoy
January 1, 2005

Tsunami Warning Buoy Deployed off Chile

Scientists from the Chilean Navy Hydrographic and Oceanographic Office (SHOA), in cooperation with the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), deployed a SHOA tsunami warning buoy off Northern Chile in the Pacific in December 2004 just prior to the devastating Indian Ocean tsunami.

75ht anniversary
January 1, 2005

WHOI Celebrates 75th Anniversary with Science Symposium, Open House

The Institution will celebrate its 75th anniversary in 2005 with a series of activities ranging from an Anything-But-a-Boat Regatta in August to a public open house and science symposium in September.