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Ocean Resources

(Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution)


A sea turtle nestled among the reefs within the Chagos Archipelago, a small island chain in the middle of the Indian Ocean. The reefs are part of the Chagos Marine Reserve, the largest no-take marine protected area on Earth, established in 2010. The lack of fishing pressure has increased the size, diversity, and abundance of marine life on the reefs, including this sea turtle. (Photo by Konrad Hughen)

Marine Protected Areas

Hot, buoyant, mineral-laden fluids rise from deep within ocean crust and mix with cold seawater. That triggers the precipitation of minerals that form deposits near and on the seafloor. Precipitating minerals also form seafloor "chimneys," and mineral particles in the fluids venting at the seafloor make the fluids look like smoke. These chimneys are at a vent site that scientists called "Roman Ruins," in the eastern Manus Basin in the Bismarck Sea south of the island of New Ireland in Papua New Guinea. (Photo courtesy of Maurice Tivey and WHOI Deep Submergence Lab, Cruise Manus 2006 with ROV Jason, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution)

Seafloor Mining