Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Cruise Planning Questionnaire

Pioneer 4: April 2015


R/V Atlantis


Cruise Party

Albert Plueddemann: Chief Scientist
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Clark 202A, MS#29 Woods Hole, Ma. USA 02543
+1 508 289 2789

Robert Weller: Principal Investigator
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Clark 204A, MS#29 Woods Hole, Ma. USA 02543
+1 508 289 2508

Departure: Woods Hole on Apr 24, 2015

Arrival: Woods Hole on May 14, 2015

Mobilization Date: Apr 23, 2015

Demobilization Date: May 15, 2015

Supporting documentation:


Operations Area: Continental shelf and slope south of New England

Lat/Lon: 40° 0.0′ N / 71° 0.0′ W

Depth Range: 90 / 500

Will the vessel be operating within 200 NM of a foreign country? no

Science objectives

This cruise represents the fourth major infrastructure service cruise for the Pioneer Array of the National Science Foundation’s Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI). The Pioneer Array will include a network of moorings and autonomous robotic vehicles to monitor waters of the continental shelf and slope south of New England and, in particular, the shelfbreak front where nutrients and other properties are exchanged between the coast and the deep ocean. Data from the Pioneer Array will provide new insights into coastal ocean processes such as shelf/slope nutrient exchange, air-sea property exchange, carbon cycling, and ocean acidification that are important to the New England shelf, and to continental shelf ecosystems around the world. For further information, see http://www.oceanobservatories.org.

Science Activities

The Pioneer-4 cruise has multiple main objectives and several ancillary objectives. The main objectives can be grouped into seven categories: 1) Deploy 3 Coastal Surface Moorings (CSMs), 2) Recover 2 CSMs, 3) Deploy 5 Coastal Profiler Moorings (CPMs), 4) Recovery 3 CPMs, 5) Deploy 6 Coastal Gliders, 6) Recover 5 Coastal Gliders, 7) Perform field evaluation activities, including CTD casts with water sampling. The ancillary objectives include 1) Compare buoy and shipboard data, 2) Deploy 1 Coastal Surface Piercing Profiler (CSPP), 3) Deploy and operate an AUV, 4) Conduct cross-shelf CTD surveys in the vicinity of the moored array, and 5) Conduct surveys using shipboard sensors (ADCP, thermosalinograph) in the Pioneer moored array region.

Pre-cruise planning meeting: Visit WHOI


Funding Agency: NSF #OOI

- added NSF #OOI on Jan 19, 2015 5:06 PM by Albert J. Plueddemann

R/V Atlantis

Shipboard Equipment

ADCP 75 kHz
Bathymetry System 12 kHz
Navigation - Heading
Navigation - Position
Science Underway Seawater System

Shipboard Communication

Basic Internet access via HiSeasNet

CTD/Water Sampling

911+ Rosette 24-position, 10-liter bottle Rosette with dual T/C sensors
Biospherical underwater PAR (1000m depth limit) with reference Surface PAR
SBE43 oxygen sensor
Wet Labs C*Star transmissometer (660nm wavelength)
Wet Labs FLNTURTD Combination Flourometer and Turbidity Sensor

Critical CTD Sensors: 

Hydrographic Analysis Equipment

Dissolved Oxygen Titration System (Brinkmann Titrator)
Oxygen Sample Bottles (available in 150 ml sizes)
Salt Bottles (2 cases of 125 ml provided)

MET Sensors

Barometric Pressure
Air temperature
Relative Humidity
Wind speed and direction
Short Wave Solar Radiation

Sample Storage

Freezer -70°C 3.2 cu. ft. ea.

Storage Notes: Freezer is backup for chlorophyll and nutrient samples


Will you be using Long Base Line (LBL) navigation? no

Will you be using Ultra-short baseline (USBL) navigation for other than Alvin operations? no



Navigation Notes: REMUS-600 AUV operation presently under consideration. Ship's role in vehicle navigation and/or need to deploy LBL navigation beacons not clear at present.


CTD Winch with .322" Electro-mechanical wire
Other Portable Winch
Trawl Winch with 9/16th trawl wire

Winch Notes: Science party to supply split-drum TSE winch and Lantec heavy lift winch.

Wire Notes:
Slip ring required? no Number of conductors: 
Non-standard wire required? no Type: 
Traction winch required? no Describe: 

Other Science Vans:

Other Science Vans:
Science Van 1
Type/size: 20' rigging van Location: main deck
Water: no Power:yes

Specialized Deck Equipment

Mooring Deployment/Recovery Equipment Required: yes Type: Lantec and TSE winch, tuggers
Cruise Specific Science Winch Required: no Type: 
Nets Required: no Type: 

Over the Side Equipment

Will you be bringing any equipment (winches, blocks, etc.) that lowers instruments over the side? no

Special Requirements

Elecrical Power: yes Identify: TSE winch, Lantec winch, rigging van
Equipment Handling: no Identify: 
Inter/intraship Communications: no Identify: 
Science Stowage: no Identify: 
Water: no Identify: 

Additional Cruise Items/Activities

Explosive Devices: no
Portable Air Compressors: no
Flammable Gases: no
Small Boat Operations: no
SCUBA Diving Operations: no

Hazardous Material

Will hazardous material be utilized? yes

Describe deployment method and quantity:
1000 liters methanol fuel bladder in surface mooring buoy. Standard mooring deployment methods. Spill kit will be supplied.

Radioactive Material

Radioiosotopes: no

Additional Information

Is night time work anticipated on this cruise? yes

Specialized tech support (Seabeam, coring, other): 

Other required equipment and special needs: 
Date Submitted: Jan 26, 2015 10:08 AM by Eric Benway