Tropical sea-surface temperatures for the past four centuries reconstructed from coral archives
Jessica E. Tierney, N. J. Abram, K. J. Anchukaitis, M. N. Evans, C. Giry, K. H. Kilbourne, C. P. Saenger, H. C. Wu, and J. Zinke (2015)
Paleoceanography, accepted.

Most annually resolved climate reconstructions of the Common Era are based on terrestrial data, making it a challenge to independently assess how recent climate changes have affected the oceans. Here, as part of the Past Global Changes (PAGES) Ocean2K project, we present four regionally calibrated and validated reconstructions of sea-surface temperatures in the tropics, based on fifty-seven published and publicly archived marine paleoclimate datasets derived exclusively from tropical coral archives.


Dubois, N., D. W. Oppo, V. V. Galy, M. Mohtadi, S. van der Kaars, J. E. Tierney, Y. Rosenthal, T. I. Eglinton, A. Lückge and B. K. Linsley (2014), Indonesian vegetation response to changes in rainfall seasonality over the past 25,000 years, Nature Geoscience 7, 513-517, doi: 10.1038/ngeo2182. [link]

Tierney, J. E. and M. P. Tingley (2014), A Bayesian, spatially-varying calibration for the TEX86 proxy,
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 127, 83-106. [link]

Tierney, J. E. (2014), Biomarker-based inferences of past climate: the TEX86 paleotemperature proxy, in "Volume 12: Organic Geochemistry," Treatise of Geochemistry [second edition], 379--393, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-08-095975-7.01032-9. [link]


Tierney, J. E. and P. B. deMenocal (2013), Abrupt shifts in Horn of Africa hydroclimate since the Last Glacial Maximum, Science 342, 843-846, doi: 10.1126/science.1240411. [link][data].

DiNezio, P.N. and J. E. Tierney (2013), The effect of sea level on glacial Indo-Pacific climate,
Nature Geoscience 6, 485-491.[link][data].

Tierney, J. E., J. E. Smerdon, K. J. Anchukaitis, and R. Seager (2013), Multidecadal variability in East African hydroclimate controlled by the Indian Ocean, Nature 493, 389-392. [link][data].


Tierney, J. E. (2012), GDGT thermometry: Lipid tools for reconstructing paleotemperatures. In "Reconstructing Earth's Deep-Time Climate - The State of the Art in 2012," L. Ivany and B. T. Huber (eds.), Paleontological Society Papers 18, pp. 115-131. [link to .pdf].

Tierney, J. E., D. W. Oppo, A. N. LeGrande, Y. Huang and B. K. Linsley (2012), The influence of Indian Ocean atmospheric circulation on Warm Pool hydroclimate during the Holocene epoch, Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres 177, D19108.[link][data]

Anchukaitis, K. J. and
J. E. Tierney (2012), Identifying coherent spatiotemporal modes in time-uncertain proxy paleoclimate records, Climate Dynamics [link]

deMenocal, P. B. and
J. E. Tierney (2012), Green Sahara: African Humid Periods paces by Earth's orbital changes, Nature Education Knowledge, 3(7). [link to public html]

Tierney, J. E., S. Schouten, A. Pitcher, E. C. Hopmans and J. S. Sinninghe Damsté (2012), Core and intact polar glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs) in Sand Pond, Warwick, Rhode Island (USA), Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 307, 103-112. [link]


Tierney, J. E., S. C. Lewis, B. I. Cook, A. N. LeGrande and G. A. Schmidt (2011), Model, proxy and isotopic perspectives on the East African Humid Period, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 307, 103-112. [link]

Tierney, J. E., J. M. Russell, J. S. Sinninghe Damste and Y. Huang (2011), Late Quaternary behavior of the East African monsoon and the importance of the Congo Air Boundary, Quaternary Science Reviews, 30, 798-807. [link][data]


Tierney, J. E., J. M. Russell, H. Eggermont, E. C. Hopmans, D. Verschuren and J. S. Sinninghe Damsté (2010), Environmental controls on branched tetraether lipid distributions in tropical East African lake sediments, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 74(17), 4902-4918. [link]

Tierney, J. E., M. T. Mayes, N. Meyer, C. Johnson, P. W. Swarzenski, A. S. Cohen and J. M. Russell (2010), Late-twentieth-century warming in Lake Tanganyika unprecedented since AD 500, Nature Geoscience, 3(6), 422-425. [link][data]

Tierney, J. E., D. W. Oppo, Y. Rosenthal, J. M. Russell and B. K. Linsley (2010), Coordinated hydrological regimes in the Indo-Pacific region during the past two millennia, Paleoceanography, 25, PA1102. [link][data]

Tierney, J. E., J. M. Russell and Y. Huang (2010), A molecular perspective on Late Quaternary climate and vegetation in the Lake Tanganyika basin, East Africa, Quaternary Science Reviews, 29(5-6), 787-800. [link][data]


Tierney, J. E. and J. M. Russell (2009), Distributions of branched GDGTs in a tropical lake system: Implications for lacustrine application of the MBT/CBT paleoproxy, Organic Geochemistry, 40(9), 1032-1036. [link]


Agnihotri, R., M. A. Altabet, T. D. Herbert and J. E. Tierney (2008), Subdecadally resolved paleoceanography of the Peru margin during the last two millennia, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 9, Q05013. [link]

Tierney, J. E., J. M. Russell, Y. Huang, J. S. Sinninghe Damste ́, E. C. Hopmans and A. S. Cohen (2008), Northern Hemisphere controls on tropical southeast African climate during the past 60,000 years, Science, 322(5899), 252-255. [link][data]


Tierney, J. E. and J. M. Russell (2007), Abrupt climate change in southeast tropical Africa influenced by Indian monsoon variability and ITCZ migration, Geophysical Research Letters, 34(15), L15709. [link][data]