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Fisheries Management

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Shellfish Resource Management in Massachusetts
Helpful to educators and students.
Leavitt, D.F.
Focal Points, 3 pp., 2000 WHOI-G-00-003

Theme Booklet: Fisheries and Aquaculture
WHOI Sea Grant
4 pp., 2000 WHOI-G-00-004
Also available online: click here
Learn more of WHOI Sea Grant's investment in fisheries and aquaculture which has resulted in the development of better management practices and policies for shellfish harvest and shellfish aquaculture and better understanding of the life history and environmental requirements of commercially important species of fish and shellfish.

Catch as Catch Can: Cracking Down on the Illegal Harvesting of Berried Lobsters
Crago, T.I.
Nor'easter, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 8-11, 1996 WHOI-R-96-010

Shellfish Closures in Massachusetts: Status and Options. Proceedings of a Sea Grant-sponsored Workshop Held at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution on March 22, 1989
Helpful to educators and students.
Only available on loan from the National Sea Grant Library
White, A.W. and L.A. Campbell
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Technical Report WHOI-89-35, 60 pp., 1989 WHOI-W-89-001
This report is a summary of a workshop on the problems of shellfish closures due to microbial contamination in Massachusetts. Its principal aim was to keep the shellfishing community informed about the status of shellfish closures throughout Massachusetts, the results of recent research on microbial contamination of shellfish, and options for shellfisheries in the region in the face of increasing closures of shellfish areas. Topics addressed by invited speakers included the history of shellfish closures in the state, the fecal coliform standard and why it needs to be modified, alternatives to the standard, and shellfish relay and depuration procedures used in other states.

Influence of Fishermen's Preferences on the Success of Commercial Fishery Management Regimes
Only available on loan from the National Sea Grant Library
Healey, M.C.
North American Journal of Fisheries Management, Vol. 5, pp. 173-180, 1985 WHOI-R-85-004
Fishermen may opt for goals of stock rebuilding and stable yield when fish stocks are depleted and the short-term outlook for catches is poor but reject these goals when a good year class appears. The purpose of this study was to determine whether this apparent ambivalence among fishermen is a consequence of changing preference for short- and long-term returns or can be accounted for by the change in short-term pay-off associated with good recruitment. The researchers derived realistic short- and long-term pay-offs by exploiting a population model of the Gulf of Maine herring (Clupea harengus) stock under two regimes. The goal of one regime was to obtain long-term stable yields while the goal of the other was to take windfall yields from occasional good year classes. The researchers used a multi-attribute utility model to determine if there was a set of preference weights for short- and long-term returns that would cause fishermen logically to choose the stable yield regime when the short-term outlook was poor but to choose the windfall yield regime when the short-term outlook was good. Such a set of preference weights did exist. If attributes other than short- and long-term returns were included in the analysis, then ambivalence was logically possible regardless of the weight assigned to these other attributes--provided the other attributes scored higher in the windfall yield regime but not if they scored higher in the stable yield regime. These results suggested that more acceptable management regimes could be designed based on a knowledge of fishermen's preferences.

Multiattribute Analysis and the Concept of Optimum Yield
Healey, M.C.
Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., Vol. 41, pp. 1393-1406, 1984 WHOI-R-84-014

The Introduction of Limited Entry: The New Zealand Rock Lobster Fishery
Annala, J.H.
Marine Policy, pp. 103-108, 1983 WHOI-R-83-022
The rock lobster fishery has traditionally been New Zealand's single most important domestic fishery in terms of the number of vessels and fishermen employed and the value of landings and exports. This paper describes the implementation of a controlled or limited entry fishery for New Zealand rock lobsters. The background to the implementation of limited entry is described and the decrease in annual landings per vessel in the period 1955-1977 is pointed out. The New Zealand licensing system is outlined, attention being paid to continuous and seasonal licenses, allocation of licenses, controlled fishing areas, and fishing methods and gear restrictions. The number of rock lobster vessels decreased from 1,574 in 1979 to 970 after the initial round of licensing in 1980-81.

The Potential Collapse of Fish Stocks in a Developing Fishery
Only available on loan from the National Sea Grant Library
Evans, G.T.
North American Journal of Fisheries Management, Vol. 1, pp. 127-133, 1981 WHOI-R-81-011
In developing a fishery on a stock whose surplus production is governed by a logistic or similar growth law, a policy of steadily increasing the fishing quota and watching the stock carefully is likely to lead to overfishing; at the time of greatest danger, there are no warning signs. Increasing the nominal effort for a schooling fish stock has similar problems. A policy of steadily increasing the fishing mortality, although more difficult to implement, runs less risk of overfishing. This paper discusses possible problems with developing fisheries using management strategies that rely on quota or effort regulation, problems that could lead to overexploitation no matter how carefully the fish stock is monitored.

Bibliography of Socio-economic Studies: Fisheries of the Northeast United States
Only available on loan from the National Sea Grant Library
Ladner, R., L.J. Smith, S. Peterson, and J. Wilson
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Technical Report WHOI-81-99, 50 pp., 1981 WHOI-L-81-002

Mexico's Marginal Inshore Pacific Fishing Cooperatives
McGoodwin, J.R.
Anthropological Quarterly, Vol. 53, No. 1, pp. 39-47, 1980 WHOI-R-81-025

Abstracts of Readings in Fisheries Management and Common Property Resources
Only available on loan from the National Sea Grant Library
Matsuda, Y.
1979 WHOI-T-79-002

Fisheries Policy and the Underdevelopment of Inshore Pacific Mexico
Only available on loan from the National Sea Grant Library
McGoodwin, J.R.
1979 WHOI-T-79-004

Pelagic Shark Fishing in Rural Mexico: A Context for Co-operative Action
Only available on loan from the National Sea Grant Library
McGoodwin, J.R.
1979 WHOI-R-79-015

The Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976
Kelly, J.E.
1978 WHOI-R-78-001

The "Public Face" of the New England Regional Fishery Council: Year 1
Only available on loan from the National Sea Grant Library
Smith, M.E.
1978 WHOI-T-78-002

The Massachusetts Lobster Fishery: Model Legislation and Management Plans
Only available on loan from the National Sea Grant Library
Peterson, S.B. and J.M. Friedman
1977 WHOI-T-77-002

The New England Fishing Industry: A Basis for Management
Only available on loan from the National Sea Grant Library
Smith, L.J. and S.B. Peterson
1977 WHOI-T-77-004

Fisheries Law: Unilateral or Multilateral Formulation
Only available on loan from the National Sea Grant Library
Graham, N.W.
1976 WHOI-T-76-008

Salmon Management: Myths and Magic
Only available on loan from the National Sea Grant Library
Power, G.
1973 WHOI-R-73-002


Last updated: March 17, 2014
 


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