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Robert S. Pickart
Refereed Publications
Updated December 31, 2013

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  • Hogg, N. G., R. S. Pickart, R. M. Hendry, and W. M. Smethie, Jr., 1986. The northern recirculation gyre of the Gulf Stream.  Deep-Sea Research,33, 1139—1165.
  • Pickart, R. S., 1988. Entrainment and homogenization of a passive tracer in a numerical model gyre.  Journal of Geophysical Research, 93, 6761—6773.
  • Pickart, R. S., N. G. Hogg, and W. M. Smethie, Jr., 1989. Determining the strength of the deep western boundary current using the chlorofluoromethane ratio.   Journal of Physical Oceanography, 19, 940—951.
  • Pickart, R. S., and N. G. Hogg, 1989.  A tracer study of the deep Gulf Stream cyclonic recirculation.  Deep-Sea Research, 36, 935—956.
  • Pickart, R. S., and D. R. Watts, 1990. Using the inverted echo sounder to measure vertical profiles of Gulf Stream temperature and geostrophic velocity.  Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 7, 146—156.
  • Pickart, R. S., and D. R. Watts, 1990. Deep Western Boundary Current variability at Cape Hatteras.  Journal of Marine Research, 48, 765—791.
  • Pickart, R. S., 1992. Space-time variability of the Deep Western Boundary Current oxygen core.  Journal of Physical Oceanography, 22, 1047—1061.
  • Pickart, R. S, 1992. Water mass components of the North Atlantic Deep Western Boundary Current.  Deep-Sea Research, 39, 1553—1572.
  • Pickart, R. S., and D. R. Watts, 1993.  Gulf  Stream meanders over steep topography. Journal of Geophysical Research, 98(C4), 6895—6905.
  • Pickart, R. S., and W. M. Smethie, Jr., 1993.  How does the Deep Western Boundary Current cross the Gulf Stream?  Journal of Physical Oceanography, 23, 2602—2616.
  • Pickart, R. S., and S. S. Lindstrom, 1994.  A comparison of techniques for referencing geostrophic velocities.  Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 11, 813—824.
  • Pickart, R. S., 1995. Gulf Stream-generated topographic Rossby waves.  Journal of Physical Oceanography, 25, 574—586.
  • Pickart, R. S., 1995. Interaction of the Gulf Stream and Deep Western Boundary Current where they cross.  Journal of Geophysical Research, 99, 25,155—25,164.
  • Pickart, R. S., and R. X. Huang, 1995.  Structure of an inertial deep western boundary current.  Journal of Marine Research, 53, 739—770.
  • Pickart, R. S., W. M. Smethie, Jr., J. R. N. Lazier, E. P. Jones, and W. J. Jenkins, 1996. Eddies of newly formed upper Labrador Sea Water.  Journal of Geophysical Research, 101(C9), 20,711—20,726.
  • Pickart, R. S., M. A. Spall, and J. R. N. Lazier, 1997. Mid-depth ventilation in the western boundary current system of the sub-polar gyre.  Deep-Sea Research I, 44, 1025—1054.
  • Lab Sea Group, 1998.  The Labrador Sea Deep Convection Experiment.   Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 79, 2033—2058.
  • Pickart R. S., and W. M. Smethie, Jr., 1998.   Temporal evolution of the deep western boundary current where it enters the subtropical domain.   Deep-Sea Research I,  45, 1053—1083.
  • Pickart, R. S., D. J. Torres, T. K. McKee, M. J. Caruso, and J. E. Przystup, 1999. Diagnosing a meander of the shelfbreak current in the mid-Atlantic Bight.   Journal of Geophysical Research, 104, 3121—3132.
  • Joyce, T. M., R. S. Pickart, and R. C. Millard, 1999. Long-term hydrographic changes at 52° and 66°W in the North Atlantic Subtropical Gyre & Caribbean.  Deep-Sea Research II, 46, 245—278.
  • Pickart, R. S., T. K. McKee, D. J. Torres and S. A. Harrington, 1999. Mean structure and interannual variability of the slopewater system south of Newfoundland.   Journal of Physical Oceanography, 29, 2541—2558.
  • Keigwin, L. D. and R. S. Pickart, 1999. The slopewater current over the Laurentian Fan on interannual to millennial timescales.  Science, 286, 520—523.
  • Pickart, R. S., 2000. Bottom boundary layer structure and detachment in the shelfbreak jet of the Middle Atlantic Bight.  Journal of Physical Oceanography, 30, 2668—2686.
  • Spall, M. A. and R. S. Pickart, 2001.  Where does dense water sink?  A subpolar gyre example.  Journal of Physical Oceanography, 31, 810—826.
  • Fratantoni, P. S., R. S. Pickart, D. J. Torres, and A. Scotti, 2001.  Mean structure and dynamics of the shelfbreak jet in the Middle Atlantic Bight during fall and winter. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 31, 2135—2156.
  • Lazier, J., R. Pickart, and P. Rhines, 2001. Deep convection. Chapter 5.5 in Ocean Circulation and Climate, G. Siedler, J. Church and W. J. Gould, editors, International Geophysics Series, Academic Press, pp. 387—400.
  • Pickart, R. S., D. J. Torres, and R. A. Clarke, 2002. Hydrography of the Labrador Sea during active convection.  Journal of Physical Oceanography, 32, 428—457.
  • Straneo, F., M. Kawase, and R. S. Pickart, 2002. Effects of wind on convection in strongly and weakly baroclinic flows with application to the Labrador Sea, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 32,  2603—2618.
  • Straneo, F., R. S. Pickart, and K. Lavender, 2003.   Spreading of Labrador Sea water:  An advective-diffusive study based on Lagrangian data.  Deep-Sea Research, 50,701—719.
  • Pickart, R.S., F. Straneo, and G.W.K. Moore, 2003.  Is Labrador Sea Water formed in the Irminger Sea?  Deep-Sea Research,  50, 23—52.
  • Fratantoni, P. S. and R. S. Pickart, 2003. Variability of the shelfbreak jet in the Middle Atlantic Bight: Internally or externally forced?  Journal of Geophysical Research, 108 (C5) 3166, doi:10.1029/2002JC00132626.
  • Pickart, R. S. M. A. Spall, M. H. Ribergaard, G. W. K. Moore, and R. F. Milliff, 2003. Deep convection in the Irminger Sea forced by the Greenland tip jet.  Nature 424,152—156.
  • Spall, M. A., and R. S. Pickart, 2003. Wind-driven recirculations and exchange in the Labrador and Irminger Seas.  Journal of Physical Oceanography,  33, 1829—1845.
  • Katsman, C., M. A. Spall, and R. S. Pickart, 2004. Boundary Current eddies and their role in the restratification of the Labrador Sea. Journal of Physical Oceanography 34, 1967— 1983.
  • Pickart, R. S., 2004. Shelfbreak circulation in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea:  Mean structure and variability. Journal of Geophysical Research,  109, (C4), C04024  10.1029/2003JC001912.
  • Linder, C. A., G. G. Gawarkiewicz, and R. S. Pickart, 2004. Seasonal characteristics of bottom boundary layer detachment at the shelfbreak front in the Middle Atlantic Bight. Journal of Geophysical Research109(C3),  C03049  10.1029/2003JC002032
  • Hall, M. M. T. M. Joyce, R. S. Pickart, W. M. Smethie, Jr., 2004. Zonal circulation across 52 W in the North Atlantic. Journal of Geophysical Research, 109,  C11008, doi:10.1029/2003JC002103.
  • Pickart, R. S., D. J. Torres, P. S. Fratantoni, 2005. The East Greenland spill jet. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 35, 1037-1053.
  • Joyce, T.M., J. Dunworth-Baker, R.S. Pickart, D. Torres, and S. Waterman, 2005. On the deep western boundary current south of Cape Cod. Deep-Sea research II52, 615-625.
  • Pickart, R. S., T. J. Weingartner, S. Zimmermann, D. J. Torres, L. J. Pratt, 2005. Flow of winter-transformed water into the western arctic. Deep-Sea Research II52, 3175-3198.
  • Pickart, Robert S. and Michael Spall, 2007:   Impact of Labrador Sea Convection on the North Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation.   Journal of Physical Oceanography, 37, 2207-2227.
  • Fratantoni, P. S. and R. S. Pickart, 2007:   The western North Atlantic shelfbreak current system in summer.    Journal of Physical Oceanography, 37, 2509-2533.
  • Mathis, J.T., R.S. Pickart, D.A. Hansell, D. Kadko, and N.R. Bates, 2007:   Eddy transport of organic carbon and nutrients from the Chukchi shelf into the deep Arctic basin. Journal of Geophysical Research, 112,  c05011,  10.1029/2006JC003899.
  • Bakalian, F., S. Hameed, and R.S. Pickart, 2007:   Influence of the Icelandic low latitude on the frequency of Greenland tip jet events: Implications for Irminger Sea convection. Journal of Geophysical Research, 112,   C04020,  10.1029/2006JC003807.
  • Kadko, D., R.S. Pickart, and J. Mathis, 2008:   Age characteristics of a shelf-break eddy in the western Arctic Ocean and implications for shelf-basin exchange.
  • Våge, Kjetil., R. S. Pickart, G. W. K. Moore, and M. H. Ribergaard, 2008:  Winter mixed-layer development in the central Irminger Sea:  The effect of strong, intermittent wind events.  Journal of Physical Oceanography, 38, 541-565.  doi:  10.1175/2007JPO3678.1
  • Pickart, R.S., K. Våge, G. W. K. Moore, I. A. Renfrew, M. H. Ribergaard, and H. C. Davies, 2008. Convection in the western North Atlantic sub-polar gyre: Do small-scale wind events matter? In Arctic-Subarctic Ocean Fluxes:  Defining the role of the northern seas in climate. Ed. R.R. Dickson, J. Meincke, P. Rhines. Dordrecht, The Netherlands:  Springer, 2008: 629-652.
  • Bracco, A., J. Pedlosky, and R. S. Pickart, 2008:   Eddy formation near the west coast of Greenland.  Journal of Physical Oceanography, 38, 1992-2002.
  • Spall, M., R. S. Pickart, P. Fratantoni, and A. Plueddemann, 2008:   Western Arctic Shelfbreak Eddies:  Formation and transport.  Journal of Physical Oceanography, 38, 1644-1668.
  • Sutherland, D. and R. S. Pickart, 2008:   The East Greenland Coastal Current:   Structure, variability, and forcing.  Progress in Oceanography, 78, 58-77.
  • Moore, G. W. K., R. S. Pickart, I. A. Renfrew, 2008:   Buoy observations from the Windiest Location in the World Ocean, Cape Farewell, Greenland.   Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L18802, doi:10.1029/2008GL034845.
  • Sutherland, D., R. S. Pickart, E. P. Jones, K. Azetsu-Scott, A., J. Eert, J. Olafsson, 2009:   Freshwater composition of the waters off southeast Greenland and their link to the Arctic Ocean.   Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 114,  C05020,  doi:10.1029/2008JC004808.
  • Pickart, R. S., G. W. K. Moore, A. M. Macdonald, I. A. Renfrew, J. E. Walsh, and W. S. Kessler, 2009:   Seasonal evolution of Aleutian low-pressure systems:  Implications for the North Pacific sub-polar circulation.   Journal of Physical Oceanography, 39,  1316-1339. doi:  10.1175/2008JPO3891.1
  • Nikolopoulos, A., R. S. Pickart, P. S. Fratantoni, K. Shimada, D. J. Torres, and E. P. Jones, 2009:   The western Arctic boundary current at 152°W:  Structure, variability, and transport.  Deep Sea Research II, 56, 1164-1181.
  • Llinás, L., R. S. Pickart, J. T. Mathis, and S. L. Smith, 2009:   Zooplankton inside an Arctic Ocean cold-core eddy:  Probable origin and fate.   Deep-Sea Research II, 56, 1290-1304.
  • Pickart, R.S. and G. Stossmeister, 2008:  Outflow of Pacific water from the Chukchi Sea to the Arctic Ocean. Chinese Journal of Polar Oceanography, 19, No. 2, 135-148.
  • Pickart, R. S., G. W. K. Moore, D.J. Torres, P.S. Fratantoni, R.A. Goldsmith, and J. Yang, 2009:   Upwelling on the continental slope of the Alaskan Beaufort Sea: Storms, ice, and oceanographic response.   Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, C00A13, doi:10.1029/2208JC005009.
  • Våge, K., T. Spengler, H.C. Davies, and R.S. Pickart, 2009: Multi-event analysis of the westerly Greenland tip jet based upon 45 winters in ERA-40.    Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. 135: 1999-2001. Published online in Wiley InterScience (www.interscience.wiley.com) doi: 10.1002/qj.488.
  • Våge, K., R. S. Pickart, V. Thierry, G. Reverdin, C. M. Lee, B. Petrie, T. A. Agnew, A. Wong, and M. H. Ribergaard, 2009:  Surprising return of deep convection to the subpolar North Atlantic Ocean in winter.   Nature Geoscience. 2, January 2009, 67-72. Published online (www.nature.com/naturegeoscience): 30 November 2008 doi: 10.1038/NGEO382.
  • Pickart, R. S., L. J. Pratt, D. J. Torres, T. E. Whitledge, A. Y. Proshutinsky, K. Aagaard, T. A. Agnew, G. W. K. Moore, H. J. Dail, 2010:   Evolution and dynamics of the flow through Herald Canyon in the Western Chukchi Sea.   Deep-Sea Research II, 57  5-26. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2009.08.002.
  • Pickart, R.S., M.A. Spall, G.W.K. Moore, T.J. Weingartner, R.A. Woodgate, K. Aagaard, and K. Shimada, 2011. Upwelling in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea: Atmospheric forcing and local versus non-local response. Prog. Oceanogr., 88,  78-100. doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2010.11.005
  • Moore, G.W.K., R. S. Pickart, and I. A. Renfrew, 2011. Complexities in the climate of the subpolar North Atlantic: a case study from the winter of 2007. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc.,  doi:10.1002/qj.778.
  • Våge, K., R. S. Pickart, A. Sarafanov, Ø. Knutsen, H. Mercier, P. Lherminier, H. van Aken, J. Meincke, D. Quadfasel, and S. Bacon 2010:   The Irminger Gyre:  Circulation, convection, and interannual variability.;  Deep Sea Research I,  58, 590–614.  doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2011.03.001
  • Våge, K., R. S. Pickart, M.A. Spall, H. Valdimarsson, S. Jonsson, D.J. Torres, S. Osterhus, T. Eldevik,2011:   Significant role of the North Icelandic Jet in the formation of Denmark Strait Overflow Water   Nature Geoscience, 4 723-727.  doi:10.1038/ngeo1234
  • Magaldi, M. G., T. W. N. Haine, and R .S. Pickart, 2011:   On the Nature and Variability of the East Greenland Spill Jet:   A Case Study in Summer 2003.  Journal of Physical Oceanography,  41 2307-2327. doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-10-05004.1.
  • Brearley, J. Alexander, R. S. Pickart, H. Valdimarsson, S. Jonsson, R. W. Schmitt, T. W. Haine, 2012:  The East Greenland Boundary Current System South of Denmark Strait.   Deep Sea Research I 63,  1-19.
  • de Jong, M. F., H. M. van Aken, K.Våge, R.S. Pickart, 2012:  Convective Mixing in the Central Irminger Sea: 2002-2010   Deep Sea Research I, 63,  36-51.
  • Moore, G. W. K. and R. S. Pickart, 2012:   The Wrangel Island Polynya in early summer: Trends and relationships to other polynyas and the Beaufort Sea High. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L05503, doi: 10.1029/2011GL050691, 2012.
  • von Appen, Wilken-Jon, R. S. Pickart, 2012:   Two Configurations of the Western Arctic Shelfbreak Current in Summer.  Journal of Physical Oceanography, 42.
  • Mathis, Jeremy T., Robert S. Pickart, Robert H. Byrne, Craig L. McNeil, G. W. K. Moore, Laurie W. Juraned, Sherwood Liu, Jian Ma, Regina A. Easley, Matthew M. Elliot, Jessica N. Cross, Stacey C. Reisdorph, Frank Bahr, Jamie Morison, Trina Lichendorf, and Richard A. Feely, 2012:  Storm-Induced Upwelling of High pCO2 Waters onto the Continental Shelf of the Western Arctic Ocean and Implications for Carbonate Mineral Saturation States.  Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L07606, doi:10.1029/2012GL051574, 2012.
  • G. W. K. Moore and R. S. Pickart, 2012:  Northern Bering Sea tip jets.  Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L08807, doi:10.1029/2012GL051537, 2012.
  • Arrigo, K.R., D.K. Perovich, R.S. Pickart, and 28 co-authors, 2012:  Massive phytoplankton blooms under Arctic sea ice.  Science, 336, 1408.
  • Schulze, L. M., and R. S. Pickart, 2012: Seasonal variation of upwelling in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea: Impact of sea ice cover. J. Geophys. Res., 117, C06022, doi:10.1029/2012JC007985.
  • Moore, G.W.K, I.A. Renfrew, and R.S. Pickart, 2012: Spatial distribution of air-sea heat fluxes over the sub-polar North Atlantic Ocean.:  Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, 18, doi:10.1029/2012GL053097.
  • R. S. Pickart, M. A. Spall, and J. T. Mathis, 2013: Dynamics ofupwelling in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea and associated shelf–basin fluxes. :  Deep-Sea Research I, 76, 35—51.
  • Moore, G.W.K., I.A. Renfrew, and R.S. Pickart, 2013: Multi-decadal Mobility of the North Atlantic Oscillation.: Journal of Climate, 26, 2453–2466, DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00023.1 35—51.
  • Pickart, R.S, L.M. Schulze, G.W.K. Moore, M.A. Charette, K. Arrigo, G. van Dijken, S. Danielson, 2013:  Long–term trends of upwelling and impacts on primary productivity in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea  Deep Sea Research I, 79, 106-121.
  • Våge, Kjetil, R. S. Pickart, M. A. Spall, G. W. K. Moore, H. Valdimarsson, D. J. Torres, S. Y. Erofeeva, and J. E. O. Nilsen, 2013:   Revised circulation scheme north of the Denmark Strait.  Deep Sea Research I, 79, 20-39.
  • Von Appen, W-J., R.S. Pickart, K.H. Brink, T.W.H. Haine., 2014:  Water Column Structure and Statistics of Denmark Strait Overflow Water Cyclones.   Deep-Sea Research I, 84, 110-126.

 


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