Appendix B: Data Portal Examples

 

Below are some examples of existing web portals to earth science data. Where known, the names of the funding and supporting agencies and institutions are given.

 

This list was initially compiled 1/27/05 and last updated 2/12/2007 11:27 AM.

 

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Earth Reference Data and Models

 

http://www.earthref.org/

 

The EarthRef.org portal provides access to data describing the geochemical make-up of all earth reservoirs. It serves, for example, databases compiled as part of the Geochemical Earth Reference Model (GERM) project. The portal is coordinated and hosted by researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC). (No mention is made of funding source on the site.)

 

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Global Change Master Directory

 

http://gcmd.nasa.gov/

 

NASA’s Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) allows topical data searches of more than 3000 datasets, including those for oceanography, atmosphere, biosphere and paleoclimate. Users can also search for services such as data analysis, visualization and metadata handling tools, model downloads, and educational resources. The portal is maintained by Goddard Space Flight Center. GCMD is the American Coordinating Node of the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) International Directory Network (http://idn.ceos.org/).

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MARGINS and RIDGE 2000 Data Portals

http://www.marine-geo.org/margins/

http://www.marine-geo.org/ridge2000/

 

These data portals provide access to cruise information and data collected during MARGINS- and Ridge 2000-funded projects. They include mapping and gridding utilities. Access to these data portals is through the Marine Geoscience Data Management System at Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO). Funding is provided by NSF. (Note: On their web site, Ridge 2000 refers to their data portal as the “Ridge 2000 Open Data Exchange System,” or RODES.)

 

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Marine Environmental Data Inventory (MEDI)

http://ioc.unesco.org/medi/

MEDI contains an inventory of world-wide marine-related datasets within the UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission’s International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange program (IODE, http://iode.org/).

 

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National Geospatial Data Clearinghouse

http://clearinghouse.esri.com

This portal allows access to 100 spatial data servers for digital geographic data for use in Geographic Information Systems (GIS), image processing systems, and other software. This is an initiative of the Federal Geographic Data Committee, a 19-member U.S. government interagency organization.

 

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NOAAServer

 

http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/NOAAServer/

 

NOAAServer provides access to NOAA’s nationally distributed environmental information databases.

 

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NOAA/PMEL Live Access Server (LAS)

 

http://ferret.pmel.noaa.gov/Ferret/LAS/ferret_LAS.html

 

The Live Access Server is a portal that provides access to a growing number of geo-referenced climate data systems, including NODC’s World Ocean Data Base, the National Virtual Ocean Data System, Pacific Fisheries Environmental Laboratory, the NGDC coastal bathymetry and topography data, and NOAA, NASA, Navy, DOE, LDEO, NERC, CNRS and CSIRO model output. The LAS is funded by NOAA and is operated primarily by personnel at NOAA’s Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL, http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/).

 

 

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Ocean Biogeographical Information System (OBIS)

http://www.iobis.org/

OBIS provides taxonomically- and geographically- resolved data on marine life and oceanography, access to physical oceanographic data at regional and global scales and software tools for biogeographic analysis. OBIS is supported by The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, NSF, ONR and the U.S. National Oceanographic Partnership Program (http://www.nopp.org/). It is hosted by the Rutgers University Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences (http://marine.rutgers.edu/).

 

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Petrological Database of the Ocean Floor (PetDB)

 

http://beta.www.petdb.org/

 

PetDB, a Ridge2000-sponsored program, provides access to geochemical and petrological data of igneous and metamorphic rocks from the ocean floor generated at spreading centers. Funding is provided by NSF. The portal is operated by LDEO and the database is hosted by Columbia University’s Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN, http://ciesin.columbia.edu/).

 

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SedCore 2000

http://www.whoi.edu/corelab/explore/index.html

This portal provides access to an inventory of, and data related to, the sample collection of the Seafloor Samples Laboratory of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI). The SC2000 portal is funded by NSF Ocean Sciences funding for WHOI core lab operations.

 

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SIO Explorer

http://nsdl.sdsc.edu/

This portal provides access to data, documents and images from “822 expeditions of the Scripps Institute of Oceanography (SIO) since 1903.” Funding is provided through the NSF National Science Digital Library program (http://www.nsdl.org/) and the NSF Information Technology Research program (http://www.nsf.gov/home/crssprgm/itr/). The portal is a collaborative effort among SIO researchers, computer scientists from SDSC, and archivists and librarians from the University of California San Diego Library.

 

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U.S. Global Change Data and Information System

 

http://globalchange.gov/

 

The GCDIS web site provides access to data, news releases, publications and educational resources from the U.S. Global Change Research Program.

 

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The U.S. National Data Centers and the World Data Center System

 

A growing number of the data deposited in the National and World Data Centers are accessed by portals such as the NOAAServer, NOAA/PMEL Live Access Server, GCDIS and PetDB. Other data may be accessible for now only through the individual data center web sites.

 

National Data Centers

 

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC): http://cdiac.ornl.gov
Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN): http://ciesin.org
Earth Resources Observation Systems (EROS) Data Center: http://edcwww.cr.usgs.gov
National Climatic Data Center (NCDC): http://lwf.ncdc.noaa.gov

National Earthquake Information Center: http://neic.usgs.gov
National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC): http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov
National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC): http://www.nodc.noaa.gov
National Snow & Ice Data Center (NSIDC): http://nsidc.org
National Space Science Data Center (NSSDC): http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov


World Data Centers

 

There are more than 50 centers in the World Data Center System, each funded and maintained by the host country. The World Data Center System web site is maintained by NOAA's National Geophysical Data Center. For links to individual centers and a central data search utility, go to http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/wdc/.

 

World Data Center for Paleoclimatology: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/index.html

 

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