Karen L. Bice
Associate Scientist
Department of Geology and Geophysics
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Note: During the 2008-2009 academic year, I am
at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and
International Affairs.


Policy Consultant, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (Fall 2008)
Black Carbon: A Review and policy Recommendations

Policy Consultant, Office of Sustainability, City of Philadelphia (Spring 2009)
Report for Philadelphia's Solar City Partnership (draft)

2/07/2007 Climate Change, radio program The Point, hosted by Mindy Todd on The Cape and Islands NPR stations, February 7, 2007
2/09/2007 ... Climate Change Report Confirms Consensus on Influence of Humans ... , The Falmouth Enterprise
6/28/2006 Cape Cod Times review of the film "An Inconvenient Truth"
Answers to some FAQ about global warming and carbon dioxide changes.
Abrupt climate change: What's after The Day After Tomorrow? Look here.

2/17/2006 Press Release, Study Suggests Climate Models Underestimate Future Warming, AAAS 2006 Annual Meeting
Related Oceanus article
Related editorials and comments: The Economist ... Science ... Scientific American (blog) ... Cape Cod Times ... Oceanography magazine

Click here for a description and some results from my current research funded by the National Science Foundation.
Click here for a description of my research funded by WHOI's Ocean and Climate Change Institute.
Link to WHOI Paleoceanography working group website


Secretary, American Geophysical Union Ocean Sciences Section, Marine Geology and Geophysics division, 2008-2010
Ocean Sciences representative, 2008 Fall AGU Meeting Planning Committee, 2008
Participant, NRC Workshop: The Importance of Deep-Time Geological Records for Understanding Climate Change Impacts, Irvine, CA, May 5-6, 2008
Reviewer, U.S. Climate Change Science Program, Synthesis and Assessment Product 1.2, Past Climate Variability and Change in the Arctic and at High Latitudes, Jan - Feb, 2008
Reviewer, U.S. Climate Change Science Program, Synthesis and Assessment Product 3.4, The Potential for Abrupt Change in the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, Oct - Nov, 2007
Member, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Roster of Experts
Instructor, MIT-WHOI Joint Program 2006 Marine Geophysics Seminar ICE!
Instructor, MIT-WHOI Joint Program G&G Student Seminar 2005 .. 2004 .. 2003 .. 2002
Co-proponent, IODP drilling proposal 661-Full, Newfoundland Paleogene and Cretaecous sediment drifts: Deep sea circulation in a Greenhouse world
Co-proponent, IODP drilling proposal 595-Full3, Deep riser and non-riser drilling on the Indus Fan and Murray Ridge: Reconstructing erosion of Tibet, western Himalaya and the Karakoram from the detrital record
Geology & Geophysics Department Representative, WHOI Educational Council
Member, MIT/WHOI Joint Program, Joint Committee for Marine Geology and Geophysics
Member, WHOI Information Technology Advisory Committee
Administrator, Cretaceous Climate and Ocean Dynamics website (See USSSP/IODP Workshop report here.)
Administrator, Woods Hole Science and Technology Education Partnership Registry of Science Outreach Volunteers (WHSTEP ROV)
Editorial board member, Geology
Steering committee member, 2005 NSF Workshop on Environmental Proxies
Scientific Planning Committee member, 7th International Symposium on the Cretaceous, Neuchatel, Switzerland, September, 2005

My "Dear Colleague" letter regarding review requests and open access publishing.

Summary of ocean, earth and atmosphere DATA PORTALS here.

Direct links to my data available through ftp:
ODP Leg 207, foraminiferal stable isotope data.
ODP Leg 207, foraminiferal Mg/Ca data.
DSDP Site 511, foraminiferal stable isotope data.
Ocean Point, Alaska, molluscan stable isotope data.
Ellesmere Island, Canada, molluscan stable isotope data.

For K-12 resources, click here.


Bice, K. L., D. Birgel, P. A. Meyers, K. A. Dahl, K. Hinrichs, and R. D. Norris (2006), A multiple proxy and model study of Cretaceous upper ocean temperatures and atmospheric CO2 concentrations, Paleoceanography, 21, PA2002, doi:10.1029/2005PA001203. pdf

Bice, K. L., G. Layne and K. Dahl, 2005, The application of SIMS for measuring Mg/Ca in rare, delicate or altered planktonic foraminifera: Examples from the Holocene, Paleogene and Cretaceous, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 6, Q12P07, doi:10.1029/2005GC000974.pdf

Bice, K. L., and R. D. Norris, 2005, Data Report: Stable Isotope Ratios of Foraminifers from ODP Leg 207, Sites 1257, 1258, and 1260, and a Cleaning Procedure for Foraminifers in Organic-Rich Shales, ODP Leg 207 Scientific Results volume, available on-line here

Erbacher, J., D. Mosher, M. Malone, and the ODP Leg 207 Scientific Party, 2004, Drilling probes past carbon cycle perturbations on the Demerara Rise, Eos, 85, 57-63. pdf

Bice, K. L., B. T. Huber, and R. D. Norris, 2003, Extreme polar warmth during the Cretaceous greenhouse?: Paradox of the Late Turonian d18O record at DSDP Site 511, Paleoceanography, 18, doi: 10.1029/2002PA000848. pdf

Bice, K. L., T. J. Bralower, R. A. Duncan, B. T. Huber, R. M. Leckie, and B. B. Sageman, 2004, Cretaceous Climate-Ocean Dynamics: Future Directions for IODP, Report of a JOI-USSSP/NSF sponsored workshop, Florissant, Colorado, July, 2002. WORD document (downloadable, with links to figures)
Go to the Cretaceous Climate and Ocean Dynamics website.

Bice, K. L., and R. D. Norris, 2002, Possible Atmospheric CO2 extremes of the middle Cretaceous (late Albian-Turonian), Paleoceanography, 17, doi: 10.1029/2002PA000778. pdf

Clift, P., and K. L. Bice, 2002, Baked Alaska, Nature, 419, 129-130. pdf

Bice, K. L., and J. Marotzke, 2002, Could changing ocean circulation have destabilized methane hydrate at the Paleocene/Eocene boundary?, Paleoceanography, 17, doi:10.1029/2001PA000678. pdf
Recent data supporting the ocean changes hypothesized in this article can be found in:
Thomas et al., 2002
Nunes and Norris, 2006 . . Editorial . . NSF Press Release
Tripati and Elderfield, 2005
Zeebe and Zachos, 2007

Norris, R. D., K. L. Bice, E. A. Magno, and P. A. Wilson, 2002, Jiggling the tropical thermostat during the Cretaceous hot house, Geology, 30, 299-302. pdf

Bice, K. L., and J. Marotzke, 2001, Numerical evidence against reversed thermohaline circulation in the warm Paleocene/Eocene ocean, Journal of Geophysical Research, 106, 11529-11542. pdf

Hotinski, R. M., K. L. Bice, L. R. Kump, R. G. Najjar, and M. A. Arthur, 2001, Ocean stagnation and end-Permian anoxia, Geology, 29, 7-10. pdf

Tripati, A., J. C. Zachos, L. Marincovich, Jr., and K. L. Bice, 2001, Late Paleocene Arctic coastal climate inferred from molluscan stable and radiogenic isotope ratios, Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol., 170, 101-113. pdf

Bice, K. L., C. R. Scotese, D. Seidov, and E. J. Barron, 2000, Quantifying the role of geographic change in Cenozoic ocean heat transport using uncoupled atmosphere and ocean models, Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol., 161, 295-310. pdf (erratum)

Agustsdottir, A. M., E. J. Barron, K. L. Bice, et al., 1999, Storm activity in ancient climates: 1. The sensitivity of severe storms to climate forcing factors on geologic timescales, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 27,277-27,293. pdf

Agustsdottir, A. M., E. J. Barron, K. L. Bice, et al., 1999, Storm activity in ancient climates: 2. An analysis using climate simulations and sedimentary structures, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 27,295-27, 320. pdf

Feldmann, R. M., K. L. Bice, C. E. Schweitzer-Hopkins, E. W. Salva, and K. Pickford, 1998, Decapod crustaceans from the Eocene Castle Hayne Limestone, North Carolina: Paleoceanographic implications, Memoir 48, J. Paleontol., 72, 28 pp.

Bice, K. L., E. J. Barron, and W. H. Peterson, 1997, Continental runoff and early Cenozoic bottom-water sources, Geology, 25, 951-954. pdf

Bice, K. L., M. A. Arthur, and L. Marincovich, Jr., 1996, Paleocene Arctic Ocean shallow marine temperatures from mollusc stable isotopes, Paleoceanography, 11, 241-249. pdf

Chapters in Special Volumes

Bice, K. L., L. C. Sloan, and E. J. Barron, Comparison of early Eocene isotopic paleotemperatures and the three-dimensional OGCM temperature field: The potential for use of model-derived surface water d18O, in Warm Climates in Earth History, edited by B. T. Huber, K. G. MacLeod, and S. L. Wing, Cambridge University Press, 79-131, 2000.

Gibbs, M. T., K. L. Bice, G. Jenkins, E. J. Barron, and L. R. Kump, Glaciation in the early Paleozoic `greenhouse': The role of paleogeography and atmospheric CO2, in Warm Climates in Earth History, edited by B. T. Huber, K. G. MacLeod, and S. L. Wing, Cambridge University Press, 386-422, 2000.

Bice, K. L., E. J. Barron, and W. H. Peterson, Reconstruction of realistic Early Eocene paleobathymetry and ocean GCM sensitivity to specified basin configuration, in Tectonic Boundary Conditions for Climate Reconstructions, edited by T. Crowley and K. Burke, Oxford University Press, 227-247, 1998. pdf

Moore, G. T., E. J. Barron, K. L. Bice, and D. N.Hayashida, Paleoclimatic controls on Neocomian-Barremian (Early Cretaceous) lithostratigraphy in Northern Gondwana's rift lakes interpreted from a General Circulation Model, in Paleogeography, Paleoclimate, and Source Rocks, edited by A. Y. Huc, AAPG Studies in Geology 40, 173-189, 1995.

Presentations and Meeting Abstracts

See list here (pdf).

Other Publications

Bice, K., I. Buynevich, S. Das, J. Donnelly, and R. Schmidt, 2004, Abrupt climate change: What's after the day after tomorrow?, Available on-line here.

Bice, K. L., 1997, Using geology to engage young minds in science, GSA Today, November 1997, p. 13-15. pdf

MIT/WHOI Joint Program Academic Program Activities

Geology & Geophysics Department Representative, WHOI Educational Council, 2007-2009
Member, MIT/WHOI Joint Committee for Marine Geology and Geophysics, 2002-2009
Department Representative, MIT/WHOI Joint Program Admissions Advisory Committee, 2004-2006
Course Instructor and student advisor, 1999-2007
Speaker, Summer Student Fellow Lecture Series, 2002, 2003, 2006
Discussion leader, Summer Student Fellow seminar, Ethical Challenges in Science, 2002-2007

MIT-WHOI Joint Program Courses
12.753 - Marine Geodynamics Seminar, ICE!, Spring semester, 2006 (Iceland field trip organizer and co-leader, 25 participants, June 2006)
12.751 - Seminar in Marine Geology and Geophysics, Fall semesters, 2000-2005
12.707 - Pre-Pleistocene Paleoceanography, Spring 2001

MIT-WHOI Joint Program graduate students:
Camilo Ponton (thesis advisor, 2006-2008), Christian Miller (Geodynamics project advisor, 2006), Casey Saenger (academic advisor, 2004-2005), Kristy Dahl (thesis committee member, 2004-2005), Patricia Gregg (Generals Exam Committee chair, 2005)

WHOI Undergraduate Summer Student Fellows:
Takako Noda (project advisor, 2001), Elizabeth Magno (project advisor, 1999)

Outreach Activities

Subject of a video in the Sant Ocean Hall, Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History
Instructor, "Climate Science for Teachers (MA science grades 6-10)" Woods Hole, August 2007
WHOI "Science Made Public" speaker series, "Climate Change at the Ends of the Earth" July 2007
Media contact for release of IPCC 4th Assessment Report - interviews with Baltimore Sun, USA Today, Falmouth Enterprise, Cape Cod Times, and NPR, January-April 2007
Radio program interviewee, "Climate Change" on Cape & Islands Radio (NPR), 7 February 2007
Guest teacher, Peebles Elementary School, Bourne, MA, January-February 2006
Designer and administrator of the Registry of Outreach Volunteers (ROV) for the Woods Hole Science and Technology Educational Partnership (http://www.whoi.edu/ccod/rov.html)
November 2005, Guest lecturer in Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, College of William & Mary Geology Dept.
April 5, 2005, Workshop leader on paleoclimatology for Falmouth (MA) High School science teachers.
February, 2005, worked with Bourne Middle School teachers to develop an applied math exercise using atmospheric CO2 records from NOAA monitoring stations.
June 2003, acted as co-organizer, lecturer and lab leader for a WHSTEP-sponsored middle and high school teacher short course titled Current Topics in Ocean Research.
April 2001, Host and lecturer for Franklin Academy (NY) Honors Science short course, Woods Hole and Provincetown, MA.
1991-2007: Classroom visits, weekend science workshops and summer science camps for 7-12 grades; 7-8 grade science project advisor at Lawrence Middle School, Falmouth Science Fair judge.