hurricane and high-wind components of CBLAST must deal with the issue
of disruptions in the sea surface and how these influence the air-sea
exchanges of heat, moisture, and momentum. Breaking waves are the
most obvious of these surface disruptions; but the spray associated with
these waves is potentially the most important agent for augmenting the
usual interfacial transfers of heat, moisture, and momentum.
Consequently, the purpose of this web page is to provide a focal point for research on disruptions to the sea surface by CBLAST PIs and other researchers affiliated with CBLAST. Broadly, research on surface disruptions can include any of the following topics: sea spray, whitecaps; ocean bubbles; waves, especially breaking waves; and any modeling of these processes.
Listed below are recently published papers by CBLAST scientists that address these issues of sea spray and other surface disruptions. The email address at the end of each citation is for the corresponding author, who will be able to provide reprints. To contribute to this list, send bibliographic information to the CBLAST webmaster Sheila Hurst (firstname.lastname@example.org) or to Ed Andreas (email@example.com).
Andreas, E. L, 2005: Handbook of physical constants and functions for use in atmospheric boundary layer studies. ERDC/CRREL Monograph M-05-1, U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, Hanover, NH, 42 pp.
Andreas, E. L, 2005: Approximation formulas for the microphysical properties of saline droplets. Atmospheric Research, 75, 323-345. (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Perrie, W., E. L Andreas, W. Zhang, W. Li, J. Gyakum, and R. McTaggart-Cowan, 2005: Sea spray impacts on intensifying midlatitude cyclones. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 62, 1867-1883. (email@example.com)
Andreas, E. L, 2004: Spray stress revisited. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 34, 1429-1440. (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Andreas, E. L, 2004: A bulk air-sea flux algorithm for high-wind, spray conditions, Version 2.0. Preprints, 13th Conference on Interactions of the Sea and Atmosphere, Portland, ME, 9-13 August 2004, American Meteorological Society, CD-ROM P1.5, 8 pp. (email@example.com)
Perrie, W., W. Zhang, X. Ren, Z. Long, E. L Andreas, J. Gyakum, and R. McTaggart-Cowan, 2004: The role of waves, sea spray and the upper ocean in midlatitude storm development. Preprints, 26th Conference on Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology, Miami, FL, 3-7 May 2004, American Meteorological Society, CD-ROM 16D.7, 2 pp. (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Li, W., W. Perrie,
E.L. Andreas, J. Gyakum, and R. McTaggart-Cowan, 2003: Impact of sea
spray on numerical simulation of extratropical hurricanes. CD-ROM of
preprints, 12th Conference on Interaction of the Sea and Atmosphere
of the American Meteorological Society, Long Beach, CA, 9-13 February
2003, 9 pp. (email@example.com)
Andreas, E.L., and
J. DeCosmo, 2002: The signature of sea spray in the HEXOS turbulent
heat flux data. Boundary-Layer Meteorol., 103, 303-333.
Andreas, E.L., 2001: A review of the sea spray generation function for the open ocean. Preprint volume, 11th Conference on Interaction of the Sea and Atmosphere of the American Meteorological Society, San Diego, CA, 14-18 May 2001, 1-4. (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Andreas, E.L., M.J. Pattison, and S.E. Belcher, 2001: “Production rates of sea-spray droplets” by M. J. Pattison and S. E. Belcher: Clarification and elaboration. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 7157-7161. (email@example.com)
Andreas, E.L., and K.A. Emanuel, 2001: Effects of sea spray on tropical cyclone intensity. J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 3741-3751. (firstname.lastname@example.org)