Marine Working Conditions
Essential Functions, Physical Capabilities/Requirements, and Working Conditions of all Marine Positions
All marine positions have essential functions that personnel must be able to perform, minimum physical capacities and requirements that all personnel must meet, and working conditions that may be considered hazardous.
- Work at least 8 hours per day and, at times in excess of 12 hours per day, 7 days per week.
- Work at sea for three to five months continuously.
- Live and work in cramped quarters, frequently in bad weather and with violent ship motion.
- Pass examinations for visual acuity, color sense, and hearing as established in Title 46 CFR Parts 10 and 12, and pass a physical evaluation as described in the enclosed Navigation and Vessel Inspection Articles 6-89.
- Climb steep and vertical ladders, and enter and exit compartments through hatches, doors, and sills up to two feet high.
- Participate in emergency drills and in launching lifeboats and life rafts.
- Perform physical labor, climb and handle moderate weights and equipment over 50 pounds.
|Physical Capability||Example of Essential Function|
|Balance||Work in confined and unstable areas.|
|Bend, kneel, squat||Clean, maintain, and inspect equipment.|
|Climb||Reach work areas, equipment and stores by ladder and stairs.|
|Crawl||Crawl through bilge pockets, and under ladders and winch beds.|
|Feel||Touch objects: where sight is limited.|
|Finger||Manipulate nuts, bolts, tools, and cleaning gear.|
|Handle||Handle equipment and stores with sure grip.|
|Hear, talk||Communicate with people.|
|Lift, carry||Load stores over 50 pounds.|
|Push, pull||Move equipment over 50 pounds.|
|Reach||Up, over, and under equipment and stores.|
|See||Read labels, menus, logs, charts, and gauges in poor lighting.|
|Sit||Operate crane, Avon, lifeboat, and life raft.|
|Stand||Work on equipment.|
|Walk||Perform rounds at sea.|
|Work Condition||Example of Hazardous Area/Duty|
|Confined areas||Store rooms, engine spaces, and tanks|
|Potential allergens and irritants||Fuels, solvents, cleaners, dust, fumes, smoke, and gases|
|Adverse weather||On deck in rough seas during equipment maintenance|
|Extreme temperatures||On deck in tropics and high latitudes; in engine room|
|Potential hazards||Being at sea; slippery and uneven surfaces; moving parts and objects; climbing ladders; and working aloft|
|Noise||Constant and loud engine room noise, blowers, exhaust fans|
|Schedule||Protracted and irregular working hours|
|Vibrations||Ship's engines and chipping hammer|
Last updated: October 23, 2007