November 2001 Teacher Workshop

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"Engineering for an Extreme Environment: Open-Ocean Moorings"

Mr. Rick Trask, WHOI, Applied Ocean Physics and Engineering Department

In this talk Mr. Trask, a Sr. Research Engineer, posed the problem of establishing deep moorings for instrumentation in the open ocean, and led the participants through various solutions. With demonstrations and props he explained the constraints imposed by weather, ocean conditions, salt water, marine life, and the like on the possible constructions of deep moorings. A classroom activity tailored to this topic was demonstrated.

Resources for "Engineering for an Extreme Environment: Open-Ocean Moorings"

TAO Project (real-time data from moored ocean buoys from the Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Array—TAO—Project)
http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/tao/proj_over/proj_over.html

National Data Buoy Center (recent marine data)
http://ndbc.noaa.gov/

TRITON Buoys (Triangle Trans-Ocean Buoy Network)
http://www.jamstec.go.jp/jamstec/OCEAN/TRITON/

International Arctic Buoy Programme
http://iabp.apl.washington.edu/OceanBuoys/

The Global Ocean Drifter Center of the Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Lab
http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/phod/dac/gdc.html

Innovative Coastal-Ocean Observing Network Moorings
http://www.oc.nps.navy.mil/~icon/frames

Upper Ocean Processes Group of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
http://uop.whoi.edu/

Wind Driven Ocean Currents: Rubber Ducks and Nikes
http://www.islandnet.com/~see/weather/elements/shoes.htm

Nike experiment (a description of the scientific value of these accidents, from the American Geophysical Union)
http://www.agu.org/sci_soc/ducks.html

NOPP Ocean Drifters Project—Partnering Ocean Science, Education and Technology
http://drifters.doe.gov/

Surface Mooring Technology: A Recent History
Trask, R.P. and R.A. Weller
In: Oceanus, Spring/Summer 1995, pp. 2-5

A Place to Stand: The Mooring Techs
Gidwitz, T.
In: Woods Hole Currents, Summer 1996, pp. 3-8

The WHOI Buoy Project: Mooring Technology's Early Days
Heinmiller, B. and N. Fofonoff
In: Oceanus, Spring/Summer 1995, pp. 7-9

"A Window into the Private Lives of Dolphins"

Dr. Amy Samuels, WHOI, Biology Department

Dr. Samuels has been investigating dolphin behavior in the wild for many years, observing and tracking lineages in the same area in Australia. In this presentation she discussed social interactions and her methods of observation that emphasize objective recording of animal activities and behaviors.

Resources for "A Window into the Private Lives of Dolphins"

The Brookfield Zoo web site
http://www.brookfieldzoo.org/dolphingame/netscape.html

Sarasota Dolphin Research Program
http://www.sarasotadolphin.org/

The Faunal Communications Research Institute
http://animalvoice.com/

The Dolphin Institute (site with texts of scientific papers)
http://www.dolphin-institute.org/

Bottlenose dolphin index from Sea World
http://seaworld.org/animal%2Dinfo/info%2Dbooks/bottlenose/habitat%2D%26%2Ddistribution.htm

Explanation of Dolphin communication
http://dolphins.org/Learn/lmm-dcmm.htm

Sea World site with classroom activities, K-12
http://seaworld.org/just-for-teachers/guides/index.htm

Animal Behavior Society
http://www.animalbehavior.org/

PMEL Acoustic Monitoring Project
http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/vents/acoustics.html, click on bioacoustics
http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/vents/acoustics/tutorial/tutorial.html
http://newport.pmel.noaa.gov/whales/whalebio.html

Whalenet
http://whale.wheelock.edu/

The Society for Marine Mammology
http://www.marinemammalogy.org/other.htm

Hawaii Whale Research Foundation
http://www.hwrf.org/

The Center for Coastal Studies, Provincetown, Massachusetts
http://www.coastalstudies.org/

A Noisy Silent Spring
Nadis, S.
In: Woods Hole Currents, Summer 1998, pp. 8-10

Now You See Me, Now You Don't: Basic Research in Dolphin Communication and Behavior
In: Ocean Explorer, May 1993, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 1-7

Flukeprints: A History of Studying Cetacean Societies
Samuels, A. and P. Tyack
In: Cetacean Societies: Field Studies of Dolphins and Whales (edited by J. Mann, R.C. Connor, P.L. Tyack, and H. Whitehead), pp. 9-44

Echolocation Lab, by Access Excellence
http://www.accessexcellence.org/AE/AEC/AEF/1995/mills_echo.html

Using an Observation Log to Enhance Studies in Biology, by Access Excellence
http://www.accessexcellence.org/AE/AEC/AEF/1996/yorks_observation.html

Mapping Animal Behavior, an AskERIC Lesson Plan
http://www.eduref.org/cgi-bin/printlessons.cgi/Virtual/Lessons/Science/Animals/ANM0040.html

Animal Adaptations: Focus on Bird Beaks
http://www.eduref.org/cgi-bin/printlessons.cgi/Virtual/Lessons/Science/Animals/ANM0116.html

Investigating Animal Behavior
In: Turnstone Ocean Pilot, pp. 48-53
http://www.whoi.edu/home/education/k12_turnstone.html

Termite Tracking
http://www.accessexcellence.org/AE/ATG/data/released/0106-LanaHays/index.html

"The Alvin Submersible and Deep-Sea Technology"

Mr. Rick Chandler, WHOI, Alvin Submersible Operations Group

Mr. Chandler, Submersible Operations Coordinator, took participants on a trip through the development, history, and activities of the United States’ deepest-diving research submersible, Alvin. Included in the presentation were accounts of many of Alvin’s benchmark accomplishments, including the first discovery of sea floor hydrothermal vents.

Resources for "The Alvin Submersible and Deep-Sea Technology"

How Stuff Works, submarines
http://www.howstuffworks.com/submarine.htm

Office of Naval Research
http://www.onr.navy.mil/focus/ocean/

Alvin's history, with images
http://www.whoi.edu/marops/vehicles/alvin/index.html

R/V Atlantis
http://www.whoi.edu/marops/research_vessels/atlantis/index.html

Water Pressure exercice
http://newport.pmel.noaa.gov/nemo_cruise98/education/pressure.html

Coast Project, technology links
http://coast-nopp.org/toc.html

Vessels and Vehicles of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
vessels: http://www.whoi.edu/marops/research_vessels/index.html
vehicles: http://www.whoi.edu/marops/vehicles/index.html

Buoyancy activity
http://www.sme.org/memb/neweek/actbuoy.htm

Put it There: Building a Manipulator Arm activity
Part of the NSTA Jason IV Curriculum

Creature from the Deep, a Sea Education Association lesson plan
http://www.sea.edu/k12lessonplans/k12Creature.htm

"Dive and Discover: A Look at Hydrothermal Vent Geology"

Dr. Susan Humphris, WHOI, Geology and Geophysics Department

Dr. Humphris’ research interests include the chemical reactions and alteration of the earth’s crust and seawater by undersea hydrothermal circulation processes at hydrothermal vent sites. Her presentation was on the geology of hydrothermal vent sites, and centered on the ongoing web project Dive and Discover (www.divediscover.whoi.edu), a website with funding from the National Science Foundation dedicated to making the excitement of deep ocean research, deep-sea hydrothermal vents, geology, and deep ocean technology available to students and teachers through live chronicles of research voyages and dives in Alvin to the sea floor.

Resources for "Dive and Discover: A Look at Hydrothermal Vent Geology"

WHOI's Dive and Discover: Expeditions to the Seafloor
http://www.divediscover.whoi.edu/

Excellent web links recommended by the Dive and Discover project leaders:

Extreme 2000: Voyage to the Deep
http://www.ocean.udel.edu/deepsea/

Black Smoker Expedition
http://www.amnh.org/nationalcenter/expeditions/blacksmokers/black_smokers.html

REVEL Project
http://www.ocean.washington.edu/outreach/revel/

How Stuff Works: Submarines
http://people.howstuffworks.com/submarine.htm

Ocean Planet (Smithsonian)
http://seawifs.gsfc.nasa.gov/ocean_planet.html

The Remarkable Ocean World
http://www.oceansonline.com/library.htm

Neptune's Web
http://paducate/neptune/neptune.htm

ThinkQuest: Earth Science and the Environment
http://thinkquest.org/library/cat_show.html?cat_id=26

The RIDGE Project
http://ridge2000.bio.psu.edu/

Mystic Aquarium Institute for Exploration
http://www.mysticaquarium.org/

Blow the Ballast! People in the Sea, from the Navy
http://www.onr.navy.mil/focus/blowballast/people/default.htm

Deep-Sea Pages from a faculty member at Whitman College (Washington)
http://people.whitman.edu/~yancey/deepsea.html

Deep-Sea Research Newsgroup (many resources)
http://www.le.ac.uk/biology/gat/deepsea/deepsea.html

NOAA Explorations Deep East Cruise
http://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/explorations/deepeast01/deepeast01.html

British Ocean Sediment Core Repository (BOSCOR) (info. on coring, nice history of seafloor sampling since the HMS Challenger expedition)
http://www.soc.soton.ac.uk/CHD/BOSCORF/index.html

Marine Geological Samples Laboratory at the University of Rhode Island (information on borrowing samples/cores for educational purposes)
http://www.gso.uri.edu/MGSLsite/mgsl_homepage.htm

U.S. Geological Survey's Western Region Coastal and Marine Geology Information Bank (nice resources for Earth science researchers, students from elementary through college, policy makers, and general public)
http://mrib.usgs.gov/

NOAA's National Geophysical Data Center (Marine Geology and Geophysics)
http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/mgg/mggd.html

WHOI Core Lab
http://www.whoi.edu/science/GG/corelab/

Voyage to Puna Ridge (join an international team of scientists on a 36-day ocean voyage to Hawaii's most spectacular volcano!)
http://punaridge.org/

Ocean Drilling Program (lots of great links!)
http://www.oceandrilling.org/

National Science Foundation Ocean Drilling pages
http://www.geo.nsf.gov/oce/programs/drilling.htm

Joint Oceanographic Institutions for Deep Earth Sampling (JOIDES)
http://joides.rsmas.miami.edu/

USGS Seafloor Mapping Technology (Woods Hole Field Center)
http://woodshole.er.usgs.gov/operations/sfmapping/

University of Hawaii Mapping Research Group
http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/

American Geological Institute Educational Project
http://www.agiweb.org/education/

The Mid-Ocean Ridge: Part II
Oceanus
Vol. 42, No. 2, 1998
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Make a Miniature Deepsea Vent, by New England Aquarium
http://www.neaq.org/scilearn/kids/seavent.html

Hydrothermal Vent Communities, by Michael Botos
http://www.botos.com/marine/vents01.html

Hydrothermal Vent Communities Student Activity, by Michael Botos
http://www.botos.com/marine/vents02.html

Volcanoes of the Deep, a NOVA student handout
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/teachers/activities/2609_abyss_01.html

Oceanography Lesson Plans for Science, Pressure, by Neptune's Web
http://pao.cnmoc.navy.mil/educate/neptune/lesson/science/pressure.htm