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Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution


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Publications
»Sc.D. Thesis
»Recirculation gyres in a beta-plane jet
»Forcing and sampling of ocean models
»Thermohaline circulation - sea ice feedback
»Recirculation forced by an unstable jet
»Tidal dissipation over rough topography
»Dynamics of ocean heat transport variability
»Deep ocean currents from GRACE
»Estimates of tidally-driven mixing
»Millennial climate variability
»Oceanic eddy heat transport
»Ocean heat content from GRACE
»Tidally-driven mixing in an ocean model
»Ocean bathymetry and Earth's climate
»Bathymetry from space
»Subtropical mode water during KESS
»North Atlantic Ocean circulation from GRACE
»Subtropical mode water in the Kuroshio Extension
»Tidal mixing during the Last Glacial Maximum
»Kuroshio northern recirculation gyre
»Bottom pressure in KESS and GRACE
»Ocean model metrics
»Abyssal mixing in CCSM
»Kuroshio Extension jet and transport
»The Morphology of Steve


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B. Qiu, P. Hacker, S. Chen, K. A. Donohue, D. R. Watts, H. Mitsudera, N. G. Hogg, and S. R. Jayne , Observations of the subtropical mode water evolution from the Kuroshio Extension System Study , Journal of Physical Oceanography, 2006

Properties and seasonal evolution of North Pacific Ocean subtropical mode water (STMW) within and south of the Kuroshio Extension recirculation gyre are analyzed from profiling float data and additional hydrographic and shipboard ADCP measurements taken during 2004. The presence of an enhanced recirculation gyre and relatively low mesoscale eddy variability rendered this year favorable for the formation of STMW. Within the recirculation gyre, STMW formed from late-winter convection that reached depths greater than 450 m near the center of the gyre. The lower boundary of STMW, corresponding to σθ ≈ 25.5 kg m-3, was set by the maximum depth of the late-winter mixed layer. Properties within the deep portions of the STMW layer remained largely unchanged as the season progressed. In contrast, the upper boundary of the STMW layer eroded steadily as the seasonal thermocline deepened from late April to August. Vertical eddy diffusivity responsible for this erosion was estimated from a budget analysis of potential vorticity to be in the range of ~2–5 x 10-4 m2 s-1. The latitudinal extent of the STMW formation was narrow, extending from 30°N to the Kuroshio Extension jet near 35oN. South of 30oN, STMW did not form locally but was transported from the recirculation gyre by lateral induction.

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