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Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Matthew First

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Publications
»Environmental factors shaping microbial community structure in salt marsh sediments
»The model high molecular weight DOC compound, dextran, is ingested by the benthic ciliate, Uronema marinum, but does not supplement ciliate growth
»Microzooplankton growth and trophic interactions and their effects on herbivory in coastal and offshore environments
»Protistan bacterivory and benthic microbial biomass in an intertidal creek mudflat
»Microzooplankton growth patterns across natural and experimental trophic gradients: Implications for herbivory studies
»Growth and grazing rates of bacteria groups with different apparent DNA content in the Gulf of Mexico


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First, M.R. and J.T. Hollibaugh , The model high molecular weight DOC compound, dextran, is ingested by the benthic ciliate, Uronema marinum, but does not supplement ciliate growth , Aquatic Microbial Ecology, In Press

Phagotrophic ciliates are capable of growth solely on dissolved compounds. Whether ciliates use dissolved compounds in the environment for growth is unclear. We investigated the ability of the marine benthic ciliate, Uronema marinum, to ingest a model high molecular weight dissolved organic carbon (HMW-DOC) compound, dextran, at concentrations typical for coastal salt marsh sediments (3µM – 3mM C). Ingestion was measured by incubating ciliates with fluorescein-labeled dextran (2,000 kDa) and measuring the fluorescence signal of the labeled compound in cells via flow cytometry. Ciliates accumulated dextran (relative to formalin-killed controls) at concentrations as low as 0.1mg l-1 dextran (3μM C). Labeled dextran accumulated in food vacuoles and near the buccal cavity, thus, the ingestion of dextran appears to be a consequence of feeding activities rather than transport across the cell membrane via parasomal sac formation. Dextran accumulation did not increase with higher bacterial ingestion rates. Instead, dextran accumulation was greatest at intermediate bacterial concentrations and grazing rates. Ciliate growth rates were measured in treatments amended with model carbon compounds – soluble starch, acetate, and glucose (3mM C, final concentrations). There was no significant increase in ciliate growth rates with these compounds in either bacteria-free or bacteria-enriched treatments. Rather, growth rates were significantly lower in treatments with DOC addition, indicating that processing of these DOC compounds may incur some energetic cost to these ciliates.

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