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Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Elizabeth B. Kujawinski

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Publications
»Using stable isotope probing to characterize differences between free-living and sediment-associated microorganisms in the subsurface.
»DOM in Lake Superior
»Deepwater Horizon hydrocarbons in the marine environment
»Microbes and marine DOM, Ann. Rev. Mar. Sci. 2011
»Greenland ice sheet outlet glacier: Insights from a new isotope-mixing model
»Groundwater DOM, GCA 2011
»Dispersants & DWH, ES&T 2011
»FT-MS variability in DOM, Org Geochem 2010
»Predatory Flavobacteria, FEMS Microb Ecol 2010
»Greenland Ice Sheet DOM, GCA 2010
»Protozoa and bacteria in aquifers, FEMS Microb Ecol, 2009
»Source markers in DOM, GCA 2009
»Automated data analysis, Anal. Chem. 2006
»Marine DOM and ESI FT-ICR MS; Marine Chem 2004
»DOM extraction by C18; Org. Geochem. 2003
»Black carbon by ESI FT-ICR MS; ES&T 2004
»ESI FT-ICR MS review; Env. Forensics 2002
»Marine protozoan surfactants; Marine Chem. 2002
»ESI MS and NOM; Org. Geochem. 2002
»ESI FT-ICR MS & humic acids; Anal. Chem. 2002
»Protozoan DOM & PCBs; ES&T 2001
»Protozoa & Fe, Th, C; Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 2001
»PCB uptake by protozoa; AEM 2000


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K. Longnecker, A. Da Costa, M. Bhatia, and E. B. Kujawinski, Effect of carbon addition and predation on acetate-assimilating bacterial cells in groundwater, FEMS Microbiology Ecology 70: 456-470, 2009

Groundwater microbial community dynamics are poorly understood due to the challenges associated with accessing subsurface environments. In particular, microbial interactions and their impact on the subsurface carbon cycle remain unclear. In the present project, stable isotope probing with uniformly-labeled [13C]-acetate was used to identify metabolically-active and inactive bacterial populations based on their ability to assimilate acetate and/or its metabolites. Furthermore, we assessed whether substrate availability (bottom-up control) or grazing mortality (top-down control) played a greater role in shaping bacterial community composition by separately manipulating the organic carbon supply and the protozoan grazer population. A community fingerprinting technique, Terminal Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (T-RFLP), revealed that the bacterial community was not affected by changes in acetate availability but was significantly altered by the removal of protozoan grazers. In silico identification of terminal restriction fragments and 16S rDNA sequences from clone libraries revealed a bacterial community dominated by Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, and Bacteroidetes. Elucidation of the factors that structure the bacterial community will improve our understanding of the bacterial role in the carbon cycle of this important subterranean environment. You can access the reprint at FEMS Microbiology Ecology here.

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