Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Cruise Planning Synopsis


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KN 197-8

Ship

R/V Knorr

Cruise Party

Patricia Yager: Chief Scientist, Principal Investigator
University of Georgia - Department of Marine Sciences 220 Marine Sciences Bldg. Athens, Georgia USA 30602-3636
+1 706 542 6824
pyager@uga.edu

Departure: May 22, 2010

Bridgetown Barbados

Arrival: Jun 24, 2010

Bridgetown Barbados

Operations Area

western tropical North Atlantic Ocean
Lat/Lon: 10° 0.0′ N / 53° 0.0′ W
Depth Range: 20 / 4500
Will the vessel be operating within 200 NM of a foreign country? Barbados, (Trinidad/Tobego, Guyana, Suriname), French Guiana, Brazil
Are visas or special travel documents required? no

Science Objectives

The ANACONDAS project builds on observations made by MANTRA/PIRANA in 2001 and 2003 (RV Knorr and Seward Johnson I cruises to the same region) to address specifically 1) how carbon cycling and sequestration in the western tropical North Atlantic (WTNA) is influenced by the Amazon River through its impact on pelagic ecosystem dynamics and 2) the sensitivity of this ecosystem to anthropogenic climate change.  PIRANA revealed the importance of both riverine and atmospheric inputs for driving the high productivity of the WTNA through N2-fixation, and demonstrated the significance of the region to basin-wide biogeochemistry and C cycling. ANACONDAS will now focus on what drives phytoplankton community succession through the plume, light and nutrient requirements, factors limiting productivity, and the fate of production. These components are critical to understand the role of the plume in the regional C cycle, and to predict its response to climate variability and change.    
  The NSF-funded ANACONDAS project will also serve as a platform for additional measurements  supported by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation's Marine Microbiology Initiative.  ROCA (River-Ocean Continuum of the Amazon) brings additional focus on marine microbial community structure and activities, along with high-resolution measurements of organic matter along the river-ocean continuum.  

Science Activities

Water Column Characterization (hydrographic sampling with CTD/Rosette):
Nutrient (NO2, NO2+NO3, PO4, SiO4) concentrations
Chlorophyll a and pigments concentrations
Inorganic carbon (discrete DIC, ALK, underway pCO2)
Organic carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus
Phytoplankton and Diazotroph Abundance (using rosette and also small nets to collect)
Carbon and Nitrogen Fixation by plankton
Kinetic and Physiological Measurements of phytoplankton 
Stable Isotopic Measurements of particulate material
Microbial heterotrophy
Microbial community structure and gene expression
Organic carbon and biomarker characterization

MOCNESS tows for zooplankton
Zooplankton collection for abundance and biomass
Zooplankton grazing and POC flux measurements

Multicorer for deep sea sediment analyses
Solid phase analysis
Pore water chemistry
Isotopic composition (Pb, Th, C)

Other instrumentation over the side:
The in-water light field will be characterized with a free-falling 14 channel spectroradiometer 
Two “Carbon Explorers” – autonomous Sounding Oceanographic Lagrangian Observer profilers 
Sediment Trap Studies (using 48h deployments of floating Particle Interceptor Traps; PITs)
Surface water pumps - directly bring large volumes of surface water to the deck of the ship for processing.

Additional Info

Pre-cruise Planning Meeting: Teleconference/Visit WHOI
Meeting Notes: Visit took place in November 2009 Teleconference March 15, 2010
Media personnel on board: K-12 Teacher
Lollie Garay is a secondary school teacher who is supported by an RET from OCE. She will be blogging her daily activities (photos and text) and holding some "live events" (using a satellite phone she will provide, if necessary) via the PolarTrec website.

Stations:

Supporting documentation:

»Yager_with_cold_van_main_deck_version.JPG
»ANACONDAS2010Berths14April2010.xls
»Yager_with_2_rad_vans_version_2.JPG
»Yager_mid_cruise_port_stop_Port_Degrad.jpg
»1271088388451_1001_AnacondasTrack-v7b.pdf
»1271088301285_1001_ANACONDAS_I_Stations.xls

Funding

Funding Agency: NSF
Grant or contract number: OCE-0934095

Scientific Instrumentation for R/V Knorr

Shipboard Equipment

ADCP 75 kHz
Bathymetry System 12 kHz
Bathymetry System 3.5 kHz
Deionized Water System
Fume Hood
Multibeam
Science Underway Seawater System

CTD/Water Sampling

911+ Rosette 24-position, 10-liter bottle Rosette with dual T/C sensors
Biospherical underwater PAR (1000m depth limit) with reference Surface PAR
SBE43 oxygen sensor
Wet Labs C*Star transmissometer (660nm wavelength)
Wet Labs ECO-AFL fluorometer

Critical CTD Sensors

Science will bring own surface par sensor

Hydrographic Analysis Equipment

Oxygen Sample Bottles (available in 150 ml sizes)
Salinometer
Salt Bottles (2 cases of 125 ml provided)

MET Sensors

Air temperature
Barometric Pressure
Precipitation
Relative Humidity
Short Wave Solar Radiation
Wind speed and direction

Sediment Sampling

Multi-core

Sample Storage

Chest Freezer (Household type) 0°F
Freezer -20°C
Freezer -70°C 3.2 cu. ft. ea.
Freezer -70°C 25 cu. ft.
Refrigerator 8.6 cu. ft.
Storage Notes: Science will be leaving samples in freezer storage until WHOI - August. Details will follow. (eb 5/1/10)

Navigation

Will you be using Long Base Line (LBL) navigation? no
How many nets? 0
How many tansponders? 0
Will you be using Doppler/GPS navigation?yes

Winches

CTD Winch with .322" Electro-mechanical wire
Hydro Winch with .25" hydro wire
Wire Notes: metering block for hydrowire 50 lb weight for hydrowire

Standard Oceanographic Cables

  Instrument(s) Instrument Weight(s) Maximum Depth
Conducting Hydro: MOCNESS (URI) 400 1000 m
Hydro: Vertical tows 100 1000 m
Slip ring required? no Number of conductors: 
Non-standard wire required? no Type: 
Traction winch required? no Describe: 

Portable Vans

Chemical Storage Van
Cold Storage Van
Isotope Van

Specialized Deck Equipment

Mooring Deployment/Recovery Equipment Required: yes Type: Particle Interceptor traps (3)
Cruise Specific Science Winch Required: no Type: 
Nets Required: yes Type: 200 um MOCNESS

Over the Side Equipment

Will you be bringing any equipment (winches, blocks, etc.) that lowers instruments over the side? yes
Details:
Ship will provide 2 smaller DT winches for net tows and sediment traps.

NEW May 10,2010 - 2 ARGOS floats to be deployed and recovered.

Special Requirements

Elecrical Power: yes Identify: clean power for instruments in Analytical lab
Equipment Handling: no Identify: 
Inter/intraship Communications: no Identify: 
Science Stowage: yes Identify: some storage of shipping containers
Water: no Identify: 

Additional Cruise Items/Activities

Explosive Devices:no
Portable Air Compressors:no
Flammable Gases:no
Small Boat Operations:no
SCUBA Diving Operations:no

Hazardous Material

Will hazardous material be utilized?yes
Describe deployment method and quantity:

Radioactive Material

Radioiosotopes:no

Additional Information

Is night time work anticipated on this cruise?yes
Specialized tech support (Seabeam, coring, other):
Deep-sea coring expertise
Other required equipment and special needs:

Checklist & Notes

Checklist

U.S. Customs Form: yes
Diplomatic Clearance: yes
Date Submitted: Oct 15, 2009
Date Approved:
Agent Information:

Barbados

Master R/V Ship Name
Attn: Scientist's Name - KN197-8
c/o DaCosta Mannings Inc.
Brandons
St. Michael
BARBADOS

Contact:  Glyne St. Hill, Manager
Email: gsthill@dmishipping.com
Phone:(246) 430-4804
Fax: (246) 431-0051

Contact:  David Priddee, Operations Manager
Email Address: dpriddee@dmishipping.com
Tel. no. (246) 430-4819
Cell no. (246) 231-5348

Contact:  Arlin Kellman, Assistant Operations Manager
Email Address: akellman@dmishipping.com
Tel. No. (246) 430-4825
Cell no. (246) 230-4353

Primary Contact:  Anthony Oliver, Operations Coordinator*
Email Address: logistics@dmishipping.com
Tel. no. (246) 430-4881
Cell no. (246) 231-5382
Fax: (246) 431-0878

*Note: All requests and correspondence should be sent to Anthony Oliver at the email address above with copies to David Priddee and Arlin Kellman.

-------------------------------------
Cayenne / Port Degrad des Cannes:
RHEA SHIPPING

Sophie Berna Champenois  
Nathalie Izabel
Maison des Entreprises, bureau N°12
Z.I. de Degrad des Cannes
97354 REMIRE MONTJOLY
tel / fax : +594 594 38 65 58
mobile : +594 694 46 31 47
e-mails : rhea.shipping@wanadoo.fr mailto:rhea.shipping@wanadoo.fr
rhea.ship@orange.fr

PLEASE ALSO COPY ON ALL COMMUICATIONS:
1) Nathalie Izabel
n.izabel-rhea@oragne.fr

2) Vasile Tudoran
vtudoran@aol.com

3) Eric Benway
ebenway@whoi.edu


Countries:
Barbados, Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana.

FRENCH GUIANA:
MID CRUISE PORT STOP:
For 5-6 science personnel change over.

PORT:  Port Degrad des Cannes (Port degrad) is about 7 miles south east of the town of Cayenne French Guiana.  Date: June 9 or 10th.
Knorr will stay out at anchorage due to water depths and tidal restrictions. Science personnel will be transferred by pilot boat out to the ship. 
Ship will not remain overnight.
Notes:
Barbados shipments:  Please retain any and all documentation for your container going to Barbados.  Have itemized packing lists ready to furnish if asked for. 
Isotope Use Approval: yes
Isotope Notes:
Approvals given December 2009
SCUBA Diving: no

Checklist

SSSG Tech:
Robbie Laird (m) and Anton Zafero (m)
Loading Chems and gases in Tampa Fl. Jan 2009
Barbados loading:  May 20 and May 21
(science can move aboard May 20th)

DeMob:
June 24 and June 25:
Our agent Anthony Oliver will assist those shipping back to U.S.A.  Knorr will be very full of equipment coming back to WHOI.  We are allowing chem and rad waste to remain on board until August at WHOI.  Sample storage and science equipment storage will be hard to accomidate due to the subsequent cruise.
Ellen Roosen will be participating as coring tech, as requested by Will Berelson.