Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Cruise Planning Synopsis


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AT21-04

Ship

R/V Atlantis

Cruise Party

Patricia Yager: Chief Scientist, Principal Investigator
University of Georgia - Department of Marine Sciences 220 Marine Sciences Bldg. Athens, Georgia USA 30602-3636
+1 706 542 6824
pyager@uga.edu

Departure: Jul 13, 2012

Bridgetown Barbados

Arrival: Jul 29, 2012

Bridgetown Barbados

Operations Area

Western Tropical North Atlantic
Lat/Lon: 3° 0.0′ N / 50° 0.0′ W
Depth Range: 10 / 4500
Will the vessel be operating within 200 NM of a foreign country? Brazil, French Guiana, Barbados
Are visas or special travel documents required? no

Science Objectives

The ANACONDAS project builds on observations made by MANTRA/PIRANA in 2001 and 2003 (RV Knorr and Seward Johnson I cruises to the same region) to address specifically 1) how carbon cycling and sequestration in the western tropical North Atlantic (WTNA) is influenced by the Amazon River through its impact on pelagic ecosystem dynamics and 2) the sensitivity of this ecosystem to anthropogenic climate change.  PIRANA revealed the importance of both riverine and atmospheric inputs for driving the high productivity of the WTNA through N2-fixation, and demonstrated the significance of the region to basin-wide biogeochemistry and C cycling. ANACONDAS will now focus on what drives phytoplankton community succession through the plume, light and nutrient requirements, factors limiting productivity, and the fate of production. These components are critical to understand the role of the plume in the regional C cycle, and to predict its response to climate variability and change.    
  The NSF-funded ANACONDAS project will also serve as a platform for additional measurements  supported by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation's Marine Microbiology Initiative.  ROCA (River-Ocean Continuum of the Amazon) brings additional focus on marine microbial community structure and activities, along with high-resolution measurements of organic matter along the river-ocean continuum. 

Science Activities

Water Column Characterization (hydrographic sampling with CTD/Rosette):
Nutrient (NO2, NO2+NO3, PO4, SiO4) concentrations
Chlorophyll a and pigments concentrations
Inorganic carbon (discrete DIC, ALK, underway pCO2)
Organic carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus
Phytoplankton and Diazotroph Abundance (using rosette and also small nets to collect)
Carbon and Nitrogen Fixation by plankton
Kinetic and Physiological Measurements of phytoplankton 
Stable Isotopic Measurements of particulate material
Microbial heterotrophy
Microbial community structure and gene expression
Organic carbon and biomarker characterization

MOCNESS tows for zooplankton
Zooplankton collection for abundance and biomass
Zooplankton grazing and POC flux measurements

Multicorer for deep sea sediment analyses
Solid phase analysis
Pore water chemistry
Isotopic composition (Pb, Th, C)

Other instrumentation over the side:
FRRF -
fast rate repetition fluorometer to measure phytoplankton physiology
Optics Cage - a suite of optical sensors designed to characterize the light and fluorescence field
Spectrial radiometer - also used to characterize the light field and link to satellite measurements
The in-water light field will be characterized with a free-falling 14 channel spectroradiometer 
Two “Carbon Explorers” – autonomous Sounding Oceanographic Lagrangian Observer profilers 
Sediment Trap Studies (using 48h deployments of floating Particle Interceptor Traps; PITs)
Surface water pumps - directly bring large volumes of surface water to the deck of the ship for processing.

Additional Info

Pre-cruise Planning Meeting: Teleconference
Meeting Notes: April 5 @ 1200 EDT 508-289-3192 code: 213770#

Stations:

Supporting documentation:

»Yager_6_21_Deck_plan.JPG
»Revised_station_plan_for_ANACONDAS2012.pdf
»YAGER_pre_cruise_mtg.docx
»ANACONDAS_2012_Cruise_Track_Map.jpg
Notes: Updated station plan coordinates from Tish Yager 4/5/12 - eb.

Funding

Funding Agency: NSF
Grant or contract number: OCE 0934095
Funding Agency: Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation
Grant or contract number: 2293 / 2928

Scientific Instrumentation for R/V Atlantis

Shipboard Equipment

12 kHz Pinger for Wire Use
ADCP 75 kHz
Bathymetry System 12 kHz
Deionized Water System
Multibeam
Navigation - Position
Science Underway Seawater System

Shipboard Communication

Basic Internet access via HiSeasNet
Is there a need to receive data from shore on a regular basis?
Is there a need to transfer data to shore on a regular basis?

CTD/Water Sampling

911+ Rosette 24-position, 10-liter bottle Rosette with dual T/C sensors
Biospherical underwater PAR (1000m depth limit) with reference Surface PAR
Mocness
SBE43 oxygen sensor
Seapoint STM turbidity sensor
Wet Labs C*Star transmissometer (660nm wavelength)
Wet Labs ECO-AFL fluorometer

Critical CTD Sensors

Hydrographic Analysis Equipment

Dissolved Oxygen Titration System (Brinkmann Titrator)
Oxygen Sample Bottles (available in 150 ml sizes)
Salinometer
Salt Bottles (2 cases of 125 ml provided)

MET Sensors

Air temperature
Short Wave Solar Radiation
Wind speed and direction

Sediment Sampling

Multi-core

Sample Storage

Climate Controlled Walk-in
Freezer -70°C 25 cu. ft.
Freezer -70°C 3.2 cu. ft. ea.
Refrigerator 8.6 cu. ft.
Scientific Walk-in Freezer
Storage Notes: Pre Load WHOI May 17 - 18.  Chemicals, gases and rads.

Navigation

Will you be using Long Base Line (LBL) navigation? no
How many nets? null
How many tansponders? null
Will you be using Ultra-short baseline (USBL) navigation?no

Navigation

GPS
Navigation Notes: We will need good maps of the coastal zone of Brazil - especially good depth maps since we will be going near the mouth of the river.  We may be able to get these from our Brazilian collaborators, but we should try to get them ourselves. (PY)

Winches

CTD Winch with .322" Electro-mechanical wire
Hydro Winch with .25" hydro wire
Other Portable Winch
Winch Notes:

Wire use and application

Hydro Winch with .25" hydro wire
Winch Notes: Spectral radiometer (<100 lbs in air, <50 lbs in water), 100 m, hydrowire
FRRF (<200 lbs in air, <100 lbs in water), 100 m, hydrowire
Optics Cage (<200 lbs in air, <100 lbs in water), 100 m, hydrowire

Standard Oceanographic Cables

Slip ring required? no
Non-standard wire required? no
Traction winch required? no

Portable Vans

Chemical Storage Van
Cold Storage Van
Isotope Van

Specialized Deck Equipment

Mooring Deployment/Recovery Equipment Required: yes Type: floating sed trap, argos float
Cruise Specific Science Winch Required: no Type: 
Nets Required: yes Type: 200 um MOCNESS, ring nets

Over the Side Equipment

Will you be bringing any equipment (winches, blocks, etc.) that lowers instruments over the side? yes
Details: Science will be bringing a very small ROV for deployment off main deck.  
 

Special Requirements

Elecrical Power: yes Identify clean power line for instruments in analytical lab
Equipment Handling: no Identify: 
Inter/intraship Communications: no Identify: 
Science Stowage: yes Identify: Science Hold
Water: yes Identify: Milliq (deionized water) is a critical need

Additional Cruise Items/Activities

Explosive Devices:no
Portable Air Compressors:no
Flammable Gases:no
Small Boat Operations:no
SCUBA Diving Operations:no

Hazardous Material

Will hazardous material be utilized?yes
Describe deployment method and quantity:

Radioactive Material

Radioiosotopes:yes

Additional Information

Is night time work anticipated on this cruise?yes
Specialized tech support (Seabeam, coring, other):
24-hour operations (CTD, MOCNESS, Multicore) - no extra techs needed, just standard Marine Techs on 12h watches.
Other required equipment and special needs:
This cruise will only go if we get permission to sample in Brazil EEZ.  The departure date may slip a few weeks in order to make this happen.  Timeline for decisions will be established between Yager, WHOI, and UNOLS.

Checklist & Notes

Checklist

U.S. Customs Form: yes
Diplomatic Clearance: yes
Date Submitted: Dec 23, 2011
Date Approved:
Agent Information:
Master R/V Atlantis
Attn: Scientist's Name - AT21-04
c/o DaCosta Mannings Inc.
Brandons
St. Michael
BARBADOS

Contact:  Glyne St. Hill, Manager
Email: gsthill@dmishipping.com
Phone:(246) 430-4804
Fax: (246) 431-0051

Contact: 
David Priddee, Operations Manager
Email Address: dpriddee@dmishipping.com
Tel. no. (246) 430-4819
Cell no. (246) 231-5348

Contact:  Arlin Kellman, Assistant Operations Manager
Email Address: akellman@dmishipping.com
Tel. No. (246) 430-4825
Cell no. (246) 230-4353

Primary Contact:  Anthony Oliver, Operations Coordinator*
Email Address: logistics@dmishipping.com
Tel. no. (246) 430-4881
Cell no. (246) 231-5382
Fax: (246) 431-0878

*Note: All requests and correspondence should be sent to Anthony Oliver at the email address above with copies to David Priddee and Arlin Kellman.


Agent and WHOI contacts should be copied on all communications. It is requested that shipment information of any equipment be communicated to the Agent and to all WHOI contacts

Countries:
Barbaods for Mob and Demob.

Research Clearances for;
1) Barbados
2) French Guiana
3) Brazil
Notes:
all gear shipped to Barbados for this cruise must have all Air Way Bills (AWB) and or Bills of Lading (BOL) sent to Eric Benway;  ebenway@whoi.edu

Anything loaded on Atlantis in the US May 16 - 19 will need US Customs form 4455 filled out.
Isotope Use Approval: no
Isotope Notes:
SCUBA Diving: no

Checklist

SSSG Tech:
Catie Graver, Robbie Laird
Slight chance to do some pre loading in WHOI May 16 - 19.  
Loading in Barbados will be July 11 - 12.
Demob will be July 29 and 30 Barbados. 
Next USA port call still tbd (4/5/12 -eb)